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149 Cards in this Set

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herbs that release disorders lodged in the very superficial levels of the body.

external pathogenic factors include: wind-heat, wind-cold, wind-dampness, summerheat first attack its superficial, exterior aspects.
Exterior releasing herbs
Name 5 exterior symptoms.
Chills, fever, headache, stiff neck, general muscle aches.
What if there is an absence in sweating or, even though there is sweating, it is not accompanied by any change in the condition.
Herbs that release the exterior are used.
What is diaphoretics?
release or expel the external pathogenic influences through sweating
"when the disease is in the skin, sweating will bring it out"
Symptoms that occur when a disease progresses slightly further into the body, into the muscle layer?
fever, general body aches, profuse sweating.
What is the Best herb to release the muscle layer when the patient has sweated without any beneficial change in their condition?
Gui Zhi
Cinnamomu Ramulus
What category of herbs would be used if fever is mild, chills severe, headache, body and neck pains and absence of thirst.
Warm, acrid herbs. dispel wind-cold.
What is the Latin name for Ma Huang?
Ephedra Herba
What 6 channel layer is Ma huang used in?
Tai Yang
What temperature is Ma Huang?
warm-moving
Temps of Ma Huang?
sl.Acrid, Bitter
What channels does Ma huang enter?
UB, LU
Name the main Action of Ma Huang?
Strongly opens pores
Name 4 Actions of Ma huang?
1.Induces sweating & Releases the exterior
2.Facilitates Lung Qi Movement, Controls wheezing & stops coughing
3.Promotes urination & Reduces Edema
Warms & disperses Cold Pathogens
What symptoms would you see with Inducing sweating & Releasing the exterior?
wind-cold exterior excess (taiyang stage) with chills, fever, no sweating, headache, tight, floating pulse.
What symptoms Facilitates Lung Qi Movement, controls wheezing & stops Coughing?
cough, wheeze from either internal or external causes
When using Ma Huang to promote urination & reduce edema what symptom would be present?
edema that accompanies an exterior pathogen
What is the contraindication of Ma Huang?
Limit dose and duration. spont. sweating from ext def, night sweats from yin def. wheezing do to Kidneys unable to accept the qi.
What is a Caution for Ma huang?
High B.P
What is the latin name for Gui Zhi?
Cinnamomi Ramulus
What temperature is Gui Zhi?
Warm
What is the temperature of Gui Zhi?
sweet, Acrid
What channels does Gui Zhi enter?
Lu, HT, UB
What is the main action of Gui Zhi?
promotes circulation, muscle layer
Name Actions of Gui Zhi?
1.Release Exterior and assists the Yang
2.Warms & unblocks channels and collaterals
3.Warms the yang & transforms thin mucus
4.Assists heart yang & unblocks yang qi of the chest
5.Warms channels, vessels & Collaterals
6.Warms the middle & Directs turbid yin Downward
7.balances the Nutritive & Protective Qi when combined with Bai Shao (Paeonia Radix Alba)
What symptoms Would you see when releasing the exterior & assisting the yang using Gui Zhi?
exterior wind-cold, regardless of whether it is relatively deficient or excessive.
What symptoms are would you see when warming and unblocking the channels with gui zhi?
wind-cold-damp joint pain
What symptoms would you see when using Gui Zhi to Assist Heart Yang & Unblock Yang Qi of the chest?
listless chest yang with upward movement of phlegm & thin mucus, Lung qi not descending with short breath, chest pain, palpitations.
What symptoms would you see when using Gui Zhi to Warm channels, vessels & Collaterals?
remove painful obstruction, remove stagnation & regulate menses

unblocks blood vessels of uterus**
What level does Gui Zhi work at?
ying level to support wei qi
In exterior releasing formulas Gui zhi does not induce sweating in exterior-releasing formulas what does it do?
releases the muscle layer.

note:The method of inducing sweating relies on opening the pores to drive & vent outward to exit the body. Used when cold has constrained the most superficial level.
Releasing the muscle layer is used when muscle layer is not constrained in skin but slightly deeper. Usually wind, faster than cold at penetrating the ext. skin not blocked so sweating may be present.
What is the Contaraindication od Gui Zhi?
Pregnancy***warm-heat pathogen disease, yin xu with heat signs, heat in blood with vomiting, excessive menstruation
USE 6g or less.
What is the latin for Zi Su Ye?
Perillae Folium
What Temp is Zi Su Ye?
warm
What are the tastes of Zi Su Ye?
acrid, aromatic
What channels Does Zi Su Ye go to?
LU, SP
What is the main action of Zi Su Ye?
Moves qi and opens the chest**

seafood poisening
restless fetus, morning sickness
What are 5 Actions of Perillae Folium?
1.Releases exterior & Disperses Cold
2. Promotes movement of qi & expands the chest
3.Use during pregnancy
4.Alleviates seafood poisening
5.Revives Spleen
When using Zi Su ye to release the exterior & Disperse cold what s/sx would you see?
chills, fever, nasal congestion, cough, headache, stifling sensation in chest
When using Zi Su ye to promote movement of qi & Expand the chest what s/sx might you see?
nausea, poor appetite, also auxillary herb to invigorate blood
Why would you use Zi Su ye during pregnancy?
to calm restless fetus, morning sickness
What is Zi Su Ye commonly used for in chinese restaraunts?
seafood poisening
What is the latin name for Jing Jie?
Schizonepetae herba
what temperature is Jing Jie?
sl. warm
What taste is Jing jie?
acrid
What channels does Jing Jie enter?
LU, LV

*Look at Life
What is speical about Jing Jie?
not drying, can go to blood level
What are 3 actions of Jing Jie?
1.Releases Exterior & Dispels Wind
2.Vents Rashes & Alleviates itching
3.Stops bleeding (Best used charred):auxiliary herb for hemorrhage, e.g blood in stool or uterine bleeding
When using Jing Jie to release the exterior & Dispel wind what s/sx might you see?
treats wind heat or wind cold depending on herb mixture. Carbuncles or boils first erupted
esp. with chills & fever
When using Jing Jie to vent rashes & Alleviates Itching what s/sx would you use?
initial stage of measles, pruritic skin eruptions
What herb could you put in hot water when you feel a cold coming on?
Jing jie
Name 3 Actions of Jing Jie.
1. Releases Exterior & Dispels Wind
2.Vents rashes & Alleviates Itching
3.Stops bleeding (Best used charred)
What s/sx would you see using Jing Jie to release the exterior & Dispel Wind?
could treat wind heat or wind cold depending on herb mixture.
Carbuncles or boils first erupted
esp. with chills & fever
What s/sx would you use to vent rashes & alleviate itching?
initial stage of measles, pruritic skin eruptions
What s/sx would you use to stop bleeding using Jing jie?
auxiliary herb for hemorrhage, blood in stool or uterine bleeding
What is the latin name for Fang Feng?
Saposhnikoviae Radix (Siler)
What temp is Fang Feng?
sl. warm
What taste is Fang Feng?
acrid, sweet
What channels does Fang feng enter?
LV, SP,UB
What is special about Fang feng?
Wind Guardian
Used for all Wind Disorders**
Name 4 Actions of Fang Feng?
1.Release exterior & Expel Wind
2.Expel Wind-Damp & Alleviates Pain
3.Expels wind & Relieves Spasm
4.All wind disorders
When using Fang Feng to release the exterior what s/sx might you see?
headaches, chills, bodyaches from wind-cold
When using fang feng to Expel wind-Damp & Alleviate pain what s/sx might you see?
wind-damp painful obstruction esp. when wind predominates
What s/sx would you see when using Fang Feng to Expel wind and Relieve spasms?
auxiliary herb for trembling hands, feet & tetany, intestinal wind from spleen & liver imbalance with recurrent, painful diarrhea with bright blood in stool.Also for migraine headaches.
What is the contraindication of Fang Feng?
spasms from blood deficiency, exuberant fire from yin def. abscence of pathogenic wind, dampness or cold.
What is the Latin name for QIang Huo?
Notopterygi Rhizoma Seu Radix
What is the temp of Qiang Huo?
warm
What are the tastes of Qiang Huo?
acrid, bitter, aromatic
What channels does Qiang Hu go to?
KD, UB
What is special about Qing Hu? Where does it go in the body?
for upper back, and qi level
What does the aromatic nature of QIang hu do in the body?
disperses phlegm and wind damp in the joints but at a deeper qi level
Name 3 Actions of Qiang Hu.
1.Releases Exterior & Disperses Cold
2. Unblocks Painful Obstruction & Alleviates Pain
3.Guides Qi to Greater Yang Channel & Governing (Du) Vessel
What s/sx would you see when using Qiang Hu to release the exterior and disperse cold?
exterior cold with Chills, fever, headache, body aches, **mostly used when accompanied by dampness with joint pain, heavy sensation, sleepiness or pain in occipital region.
What s/sx would you see when using Qiang Hu to unblock painful obstruction & Alleviate pain?
wind-cold damp painful obstruction esp. in upper limbs and back
Why is Qiang Hu a good guiding herb?
Guides Qi to greater yang channel & Governing (Du) Vessel: directs other herbs to areas served by these channels
What is the contraindication of Qiang Huo?
blood deficient painful obstruction
What is the Latin name for Gao Ben?
Ligustici Rhizoma
What temp is Gao ben?
warm
What taste is Gao Ben
Acrid
What Channels does Gao Ben go to?
UB, DU
What is special about Gao Ben? Where does it go?
Top of the head, teeth
Name 4 Actions of Gao Ben?
1.Discharges Exterior & Disperses Cold
2.Dispels Wind, Overcomes dampness, Alleviates Pain
3.Releives Abdominal Pain & Overcomes Dampness
4.Gyn Swellings & Masses
When using Gao Ben to Dispel wind, overcome dampness or alleviate pain what s/sx might you see?
wind-damp-cold painful obstruction & acute lower back pain. Treats both ends of the governing vessel. Also dampness affecting digestive system
When using Gao Ben to Discharge exterior & Disperse Cold what s/sx might you see?
external wind-cold, esp for headache & nasal congestion. Wind-cold lodged in the greater yang with headache at the crown and vertex, or linked to teeth and jaw.
What is a contraindication of Gao Ben?
Headaches from blood def. hot disorders
What is the latin of Bai Zhi?
Angelicae dahuricaeRadix
What is the temp of Bai Zhi?
warm
What is the taste of Bai Zhi?
acrid
What channels does Bai zhi go to?
LU,ST,SP
What is a main action of Bai zhi?
Expels damp **Alleviates discharge
Name 4 Actions of Bai Zhi?
1.Expels Wind, Eliminates Damp, Unblocks Nasal passages, Alleviates Pain
2.Reduces Swelling, Expels Pus
3.Expels Damp, Alleviates Discharge
4.Treats pain from Ulcers
What s/sx would you see when using Bai Zhi to expel wind, eliminate damp, unblock nasal passages & alleviate pain?
externally contracted wind-cold, esp with headache. Also for nasal congestion, supraorbital pain, toothache. Can be used for any problem due to wind invading the yang brightness (yangming) channels of the head (LI or ST)
What s/sx might you see when using Bai Zhi to reduce swelling, Expel Pus?
early stage of surface sores & carbuncles, reduce swelling of non-suppurated sores, helps discharge pus of ulcerated sores or sores where pus has already formed.
What s/sx would you see when using bai zhi to expel damp, alleviate discharge?
damp cold-vaginal discharge. With correct herbs can also treat damp-heat vaginal discharge.
What can you treat when adding Gan cao to Bai Zhi?
Ulcers
What is the Latin name for Xi Xin?
Asari herba (Chinese wild ginger)
What temp is Xi Xin?**
warm**
What is the taste of Xi Xin?
acrid
What channels does Xi Xin go to?
LU, HT, KD
What levels of 6 channel theory does Xi Xin go to?
Tai Yang & Shao Yin**
What dose is given with Xi Xin?
1-3g
Name 4 Actions of Xi XIn?
1.Release Ext & Disperse cold
2.Dispels wind, Disperses Cold, Relieves Pain
3.Warms Lungs & Transforms thin mucus
4.Unblocks & Facilitates the orfices
Why would you use Xi Xin with wind cold /yang xu?
spark the yang
What herb would be good for a headache in the teeth?
Xi Xin
What s/sx might you see when using Xi Xin to release the exterior & Disperse Cold?
Main symptoms head & body aches. adjunctive herb for any exterior cold pattern, esp. with yang def. or the addition of damp, used for exterior wind-cold when the main symptoms are head & body aches
What s/sx might you see when using Xi Xin to dispel wind, Disperse Cold and releive pain?
wind and/or cold anywhere in the body, but esp. headache, painful obstruction, abdominal pain, toothache
What s/sx might you see when using Xi Xin to warm the Lungs & transform thin mucus?
coughing with copious, watery sputum, fullness in chest with continual coughing from clumped qi in chest & diaphragm
What s/sx might you see when using Xi Xin to warm the Lungs & Transform thin mucus?
coughing with copious, watery sputum, fullness in chest with continual coughing from clumped qi in the chest & diaphragm
What s/sx might you see when using Xi Xin to unblock & Facilitate the Orfices?
various types of nasal congestion, oral pathology, some types of loss of consciousness, all which impair the clear orfices of the head.
What is Sheng Jiang?
Ginger
What is the latin name for Sheng Jiang?
Zingiberis Rhizoma recens (Ginger)
what temp is sheng jiang?
sl. warm
what taste is sheng jiang?
acrid
what channels does sheng jiang go to?
LU, SP, ST
What is special/main action of sheng jiang?
alleviates cold vomiting, prevents toxicity, for early stages of EPI
What are 4 actions of Sheng Jiang?
1.Release exterior, Disperses cold
2.Warms middle burner, stops vomitting
3.Warms lungs & stops coughing
4.Reduces toxicity of some herbs, Seafood Poisening
What two herbs help in seafood poisening?
Sheng Jiang & Zi Su Ye
When Sheng Jiang is added with Da Zao what does it do?
protects G.I tract from other herbs & adjusts nutritive & protective Qi
What 5 herbs in the WARE category are considered food?
gui zhi, zi su ye, jing jie, sheng jiang, cong bai
What is the latin name for cong bai?
Allii fistulosi Bulbus (Scallion)
what is the temp of Cong bai?
warm
what is the taste of cong bai?
acrid
what channels does cong bai enter?
LU, ST
What are 3 Actions of Cong Bai?
1.Release exterior & Induce Sweating
2.Disperse Cold, unblocks yang
3.Releives Toxicity & Disperses clumps
when might you use Cong Bai to release the exterior and induce sweating?
very early stages of external wind-cold
what s/sx would you see when using Cong Bai to Disperse cold and unblock yang?
abdomen pain & distention or nasal congestion from blockage of yang qi by cold
What s/sx would you see when using Cong Bai relieve toxicity and disperse clumps?
sores & abscesses (apply topically with honey as a poultice)
What is the Latin name for Xiang Ru?
Moslae Herba
What is the temp of xiang ru?
Sl. warm
What is the tastes of xiang ru?
acrid, aromatic
What channels does xinag ru go to?
LU, ST
What is xiang Ru best used for?
during summerheat, urination
What are 4 Actions of Xiang Ru?
1.Induces sweating, Release ext.
2. Promotes urination, reduces swelling
3.Harmonizes SP & transforms damp
4. Esp. Appropriate for hot summer nights
What is the Latin Name for Cang Er Zi?
Xanthii Fructus
what is the temp for Cang Er Zi?
warm
What are the tastes of Cang Er Zi?
sweet, bitter, toxic
What channels does Cang Er Zi go to?
LU
What is Cang Er Zi esp. good for?
wind Damp-Bi, skin, nose
What are 3 Actions of Cang Er Zi?
Disperses Wind dampness & opens nasal passages. Main Herb for Deep-source nasal congestion with headache, thick nasal discharge, & loss of smell
2.Disperses wind & Dispels Dampness
3. Dispels Ext. wind
What s/sx would you see when using Cang Er Zi to disperse wind dampness & open nasal passages?
Main herb for deep source nasal congestion with headache, thick nasal discharge & Loss of smell: Any nasal/sinus problem with thick viscous discharge and headache
What s/sx might you see when using Cang Er zi to disperse wind & Dispel Dampness?
wind-damp-cold painful obstruction, skin disorders with itching, eliminates damp qi from skin
What s/sx might you see when using Cang Er Zi to Dispel Exterior Wind?
auxilliary herb for exterior disorders with splitting headache radiating to the back of neck.
What herb in the WARE category does NOT release the exterior?
Xin Yi
What is the Latin name for Xin Yi?
Magnoliae Flos
what is the temp of Xin Yi?
warm
What is the taste of Xin Yi?
acrid
What channels does Xin Yi enter?
LU, ST
What is special about Xin Yi?
Does not release the exterior.
What is the Action of Xin Yi?
Expels Wind-Cold, Unblocks nasal passages
s/sx:lack of smell, nasal discharge, congestion & obstructions, related headache. primarily used for problems from wind-cold, also good for any nasal or sinus condition with correct herb