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14 Cards in this Set

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Ad hominem
appealing to one's prejudices, emotions, or special interests rather than to one's intellect or reason.
Anecdote
a short account of a particular incident or event of an interesting or amusing nature, often biographical.
Antecedent
a preceding circumstance, event, object, style, phenomenon, etc.
Antithesis
opposition; contrast
didactic
intended for instruction
ellipsis
the omission of one or more items from a construction
epigraph
an inscription, esp. on a building, statue, or the like.
invective
an insulting or abusive word or expression.
metonymy
a figure of speech that consists of the use of the name of one object or concept for that of another to which it is related
parable
a short allegorical story designed to illustrate or teach some truth, religious principle, or moral lesson.
pathos
the quality or power in an actual life experience or in literature, music, speech, or other forms of expression, of evoking a feeling of pity or compassion.
pedantic
ostentatious in one's learning.
reductio ad absurdum
a reduction to an absurdity; the refutation of a proposition by demonstrating the inevitably absurd conclusion to which it would logically lead.
synecdoche
a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part, the special for the general or the general for the special, as in ten sail for ten ships or a Croesus for a rich man.