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78 Cards in this Set

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effort; prior knowledge of test; examiner error; visual/hearing impairments; esl; environment testing facilities; medical issues (feeling sick)
Factors that can affect the validity of the test
What are some of the practice effects if you retest w/in 6 months
Perf > verbal; FSIQ increases by 8 points
Learning potential; General info processing ability; global cognitive skills; level of complexity a person can handle; 98 %
130+ "Gifted/ Very superior"
Learn at a very fast rate; avg. med/doc student; behav. difficulties (due to under stimulation); 91-91%
120-129 "Very superior"
Adequate for complex jobs; Good in grad/college; 91-75%
110-119 "Above/ High Avg"
Mainstream academics; fine in college; 25-75%
90-109 "Average"
Maintained in mainstream class usually; go to college, slower paced; Occupationally --> skilled labor; 9-25%
80-89 "Below Average"
Not good in mainstream class usually; Peack at 6th/7th grade; think conceretly; occupation --> semi skilled labor; live indepent., but many develop adaptive living problems; 2-9%
70-79 "Borderline"
Require spedcial edu; Peak at 2-6th grades; Can maintain competitive employment in structure/repeative settings; trouble living independtly; understanding complex instructions; can apply for ARC; 1-2%
60-69 "Mildly Impaired"
What IQ level is declared edu. mentally handicapped?
60-69 "Mildly Impaired"
Occupation: not likely capable; shelter workshop settings may work; require assistance in daily living; < 1%
50-59 "Moder. Impaired"
Trainably mentally handicapped/retardation; <1%
45-49 "Severely Impaired"
What's the lowest you can score on the WAIS?
45
At what age must mental retardation be diagnosed?
18 years old
Deficits in adaptable behav. functioning; ability to care for self; maturity; communication skills; socialization; use of community resources; intelligence
criteria to be diagnosed at Mentally Retarded
Mental age = 8 yrs; Edu Level = 6th grade; Group home environment;
Mild Mental Retardation; 50-55 to 69
Shelter workshop environ w/ supervision; group home with supervision
Moderate Mental Retardation; 50-55 to 35-40
Extensive training for language and life skills needed; require hospital setting living environ.
Severe Mental Retardation; 20-25 to 35-40
Require 24/7 care and supervision; not toilet trained; can't walk or feed self; live in institutional setting
Pround Mental Retardation; 20-25 and below
Abilities overlearned; most resistant to neuro injuries unles damage to left hemisphere; more resistant to dementia
Crystalized Intell.
More sensitive to edu. background; more sensitive to cultural/language factors; hearing impairment
Factors affecting VIQ
Crystalized Intell; how well you learn verbally
VIQ
Fluid Intell; Process nonverbal info (learn visually)
PIQ
ability to deal or process nove stimuli; associated with right hemisphere; affected by neuro injuries
Fluid Intell.
Unmotivated (lowers speed); Cultural factors (aren't as concerned about time as US)
Factors affecting PIQ
Auditory > Verbal Learner
VIQ > PIQ
What should you rule out if VIQ > PIQ
motor/visual deficits; methodical belief; motivation
Visual Learner > Verbal Learner
PIQ > VIQ
What to rule out if PIQ > VIQ
Hearing/speech deficit; ESL; Edu. Deprivation; Left Hemisphere injury
What indecies make up VIQ
VCIQ; WMI
What indicies make up PIQ?
PSI; POI
Index of verbal reasoning skills; expressive lanugage ability
VCI
What Index is the least affected by head trauma
VCI
VOC, SI, INFO
Subtests that make up VCI
What index is most affected by language problems?
VCI
Index of attention and concentration skills (auditiory short term attention and concentration)
WMI
Ar, DS, LNS
Subtests that make up WMI
When there is a major deficit b/w FSIQ and WMI what should you rule out?
Hearing impairments, ADHD, anxiety, depression, rapidly progressing condition, dementia
Visio spatial and constructional skills; right hemisphere
POI
PC, BD, MR
Subtests that make up POI
motor def.; fatigue; culture; motivation; visual deficits
Factors that could influence POI
Psychomotor processing speed; fine motor coordination
PSI
DS-coding, SS
Subtests that make up PSI
What can highly influence PSI
anxiety; depression
How can you rule out fatigue by looking at PSI subtests?
Lower SS score vs CD
How can you rule out anxiety by looking at PSI subtests?
Lower CD score than SS
PSI < FSIQ .... what could that mean?
Depression, anxiety, ADHD (in conjuction with WMI)
In IQs of 115 and above, how many sig. points do we need for a sig. difference?
21
indicator of lang. dev; overall word power and knowledge
Vocab
what's the best indicator of overall intell?
Vocab
What subtest is most resistant to brain damage
Voc
abstract reasoning skills; verbal concept formation
SI
Attention/concentration; ability to manipulate info verbally; numerical reasoning skills
Arth
When Ar is a weakness, what should you rule out?
LD in math; depressions, anxiety, brain damage
attention/concentration; short term auditory skills
DS/ LNS
What subtests are most sensitive to faking?
DS and LNS
what tests are NOT sentitive to malingering
DS, LNS
What's the difference b/w DS and LNS?
Simple vs. Complex tasks
Fundamental knowlege
Info
When Info is a weakness, what should you rule out?
Limited edu/exposure
T or F: Info is resistant to brain damage
True
Understanding of US culture, social judgement; common sense
Comp.
When Comp. is a weakness, what should you rule out?
Reduced exposure to US Cultural norms
T or F: PC and MR require motor skills
False
Essential vs. Nonessential details in environ.; ability to scan and discriminate
Pic. Comp.
What subtest is most sensitive to test anxiety?
Pic Comp
Psychomotor Processing Speed
Coding/SS
CD or SS: Requires more fine motor coordination
CD
CD or SS: more susceptiable to fatigue
SS
visiospatial and constructional skills
Block Des.
What two tests are best predictors of overall intell. out of perf. subtests?
BD and MR
non-verbal abstract reasoning
MR
What subtest is more highly correlated with how someone does on verbal?
MR
Ability to size up visiually presented situations
Pic Arr.
What does a weakness in Pic Arr indicate?
Can't understand non verbal social skills/ consequences
What population usually has a strength in Pic Arr
Sociopath
Perceptual organization and construct. skills
Obj Assem.
What is the most reliable perf. subtest?
Obj Assem.