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21 Cards in this Set

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What did Cleisthenes do whike in power?
created a new council of 500, creation of first democracy,ostracism began
What did the council of 500 do?
supervised foreign affairs, oversaw the treasury, and proposed laws
What did Draco do while in power?
made up a code of law, dealt with contract and property ownership, continued practice of debt slavery
acquired rule illegally
tyranny
all members have a title
aristocracy
a long poem that tells the deeds of a great hero
epic poem
the greek term for escellence, which heroes strove to attain
arete
greek word for a city-state
polis
a fortified area at the top of a hill in a Greek city-state
acropolis
an open area below the acropolis where people would assemble and where the market was located
agora
heavily armed infantry soldiers
hoplites
a rectangular formation used by hoplites to create a wall of shields
phalanx
rule of many
democracy
rule by few
oligarchy
people captured by the spartans
helots
a group of five men who were elected each year by the spartans and who were responsible for the education of the youth and the conduct of all citizens
ephors
what did sparta emphasize?
duty,discipline, and stregnth
what kind of government did sparta have?
totalitarian oligarchy
spartan law giver
lycurgus
What did Solon do while in power?
cancelled all land debts, freed people who were slaves because of their debts, neglected land reforms, began new legal system
What did Psistratus do while in power?
prvided funds for peasants to alow them to buy farm equipment, gave aristocrats land to the peasants in order to please the poor, abolished law that allowed only land owners to become citizens and vote