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1/871

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871 Cards in this Set

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antiquated
to make old or obsolete
obstinate
stubborn
moribund
on the verge of death
faction
clique
contravene
to counter
orthodox
of or conforming to beliefs, attitudes, or modes of conduct that are generally approved.
gradation
gradual manner
pontificate
speak pompously
catholic
broad-minded
apposite
appropriate
indispensible
absolutely necessary,
martinet
a strict disciplinarian
limpid
transparent
evanescent
fleeting
vituperate
to use abusive language
moribund
in a dying state; near death.
pedestrian
lacking imaginiation
querulousness
full of complaints
callow
inexperienced
incommode
hinder
interpose
to put an obstacle in the way of
trammel
1. restrain

2. tool for drawing an ellipse
staid
to be sedate/proper
mercurial
quick-changeable
novel
new
hedonist
devoted to pleasure
sybarite
devoted to pleasure
protegee
a woman under the protection or care of someone interested in her welfare
fractious
unruly
inaugural
initial
penultimate
next to the last
conterminous
meeting at the ends;
without an intervening gap:

Our calendar year
deleterious
harmful; injurious:
afficiando
devotee; fan
bucolic
having to do with the countryside
pastoral
having to do with the countryside
chimerical
imaginative
chromatic
having to do with colors
candor
open and sincere
debasement
to lower value
ablution
make dirty
lavation
to do with washing
scurrilous
foul language
fastideous
hard to please
inaugural
initial
penultimate
next to the last
conterminous
meeting at the ends; without an intervening gap: In our calendar system, the close of one year is conterminous with the beginning of the next.
deleterious
harmful; injurious:
afficiando
devotee; fan, enthusiast.
bucolic
having to do with the countryside
pastoral
having to do with the countryside
chimerical
imaginative
chromatic
having to do with colors
candor
open and sincere
debasement
to lower value
ablution
make dirty
lavation
to do with washing
scurrilous
foul language
fastideous
hard to please
mirth
laughter
oppulent
wealthy
itinerant
traveller
compatriot
comes from the same country
coup
a sudden stroke of...

extralegal form of election
masochist
one who enjoys pain
orator
one who is good at giving speech
clandestine
done in secret
indignant
feeling wrath or unjust treatment
disband
to set free, scatter
ligneous
made of wood
genteel
graceful; refined
adjunct
joined, but not a part of
exhort
to make an urgent appeal
divisive
creating seperation or difference
diabolical
devilish
spartan
hardy; warlike
trenchant
keen, biting, severe (wit)
lithe
graceful
antecedent
preceding
indissoluble
not capable of being melted or broken
corpulent
obese
gentrification
improvement (as of a neighborhood)
coiffure
a headdress
gadfly
one who annoys another (like a fly found around horses)
chagrin
disappoint dismay, vexation
remunerate
to pay back
expatriate
one formerly of a country
fodder
coarse grains or food for animals
lissome
moving with grace
epicure
one with discriminating taste

a gourmet
dour
inflexible
remiss
negligent in filling duty
bemoan
grieve
ungainly
clumsy, awkaward
upshot
conclusion
jubilant
think: jubilee
coiffure
a headdress
stalemate
an impass; can't go further
autocrat
one who rules with absolute power
destitute
needy
bourgeois
of middle class
discombobulated
confused, and maybe a little upset
edify
elevate spiritually and morally
comely
pleasing to the sight
infamous
having a bad reputation
caldron
a large kettle
moratorium
a pause
hiatus
pause
asperity
harshness
vouchsafe
to grant
atrophy
to waste away from lack of use or nourishment
jovial
merry
furtive
stolen
subterfuge
an evasion
artifice
a clever trick
exegesis
an elaboration or explanation
pastiche
eclectic
disposed
inclined toward
contraband
goods traded illegally
contraband
goods traded illegally
abnegation
renunciation
disposed
inclined toward
pastiche
made up of bits from various sources
exegesis
an elaboration
subterfuge
an evasion
artifice
clever trickery
furtive
stolen
atrophy
to waste away from lack of use or nourishment
vouchsafe
to concede, grant, bestow
asperity
harshness
moratorium
a pause
hiatus
a pause
caldron
a large kettle
cupidity
greed of gain
constituent
one who is represented by another legislative assembly
unilateral
onesided
draconian
very severe or cruel
jocund
merry
despotic
Saddam, Hitler

qualities of an absolute or irresponsible ruler; tyrannical
beget
to procreate
overt
open to view
amenable
managable
oblique
obscure
apposite
appropriate for
trajectory
path (of something going thru space)
pugnacious
disposeded to fight
transgressions
offense; crime; fault
gird
encircle
parochial
limited; narrow; of a parish (like a church)
bilk
to frustrate or disappoint; to decieve
blanch
to make white; ass. with cooking
bulwark
that which defends an enemy attack, like a strong wall
barrage
intense volly of many things at once (think: enemy fire)
braggadocio
a boaster, braggart
aphorism
not the sugar-coated euphemism

truth expressed concisely
virtuoso
performer who excels in her art
niggardly
stingy
rend
to tear one's clothes
vanguard
front lines (military)
avarice
greediness for wealth
ravish
to delight to ecstasy;

to seize by violence
truncate
cut short; break off
flax
plant fiber used to make linen
tensile
capable of extension
impudent
bold and sassy
oblique
not straightforward
malcontent
one who is resentful, holds a grudge
allot
to distribute
propound
to exhibit
tome
very large book within a collection of writings
retrench
to cut off
drivel
stupid talk
besiege
to surround with armed forces
extraneous
not belonging to a thing
archetype
the original pattern
incrustation
a covering or layering
whimsy
a fanciful/odd conceit
disabuse
to free from false ideas
compact
agreement
avarice
greediness for wealth
soliloquy
a monologue, a speech made by one alone to one's self
grimace
expression of disapproval
fortuitous
fortunate
mores
cusoms; habits
omniscient
all-knowing
imbue
to dye; become impressed
bivouac
to be on guard (at night)
cavalcade
a procession of persons on horseback
complicity
partnership in wrong-doing
shirk
to evade an obligation
supplicant
one who asks submissively
sobriquet
a nickname
allegory
a work of art with an underlying message
amoral
unconcerned with morals
fresco
a painting on plaster
prodigy
extraordinary event
querulous
argumentative
allegory
a work of art with an underlying message
slurry
insoluble mixture of fine material (like clay)
ferment
heat; agitation
vogue
the way or fashion of people at any particular time
dynamic
of energy
commingle
mingle
inclement
physically severe or harsh; rough (weather)
rudimentary
elementary
conducive
helpful
paradigm
a model example
vagrant
a wanderer
elliptical
1: oval shaped

2: having a part omitted
pretext
pretense; diguise
insolent
rude
effigy
a dummy for public observation, often is burned
unction
act of rubbing with an oil for medical or symbolic purposes
raiment
clothing
cacophony
harsh sound (like the jumbled noises of a daycare)
bulwark
that which defends an enemy attack
seditious
disposed to take part in rebellion
promontory
a high point of land; a part that projects outward
aegis
sponsorship; protection
influx
a streaming together
antecdote
a short biographical story; often amusing
finicky
overly particular
transcribe
to write over again
malevolence
hatred
quorum
a minimum # of people req'd to hold an official meeting
nubile
marriable; sexually mature
wanton
unrestrained; reckless
bastion
a fortified place
happenstance
accidental happening
provident
saving for the future; prudent
unexpurgated
complet, without ommision of even the objectionable passages
epicure
a person with discriminating taste
troth
belief; faith; loyalty
nepotism
favortism shown to family (in politics/business)
countermand
to negate
instantiate
to represent by a concrete example
univocal
having one voice/opinion
gaffe
a social blunder of faux pas
ignominious
dishonorable
winsome
cheerful
rectitude
rightness
dialectic
examining ideas logically
redolent
fragrant/aromatic
august
majestic dignity
acuiesce
consent
renege
to turn back on (a promise)
adage
an old saying
larceny
theft
vantage
like advantage; a gain
carnage
flesh of slain animals or men

great destruction of life
divisive
creating separation (a divisive remark)
circumlocution
a wordy round about way of expression
frution
enjoyment
rectitude
rightness of principle/practice
moribund
almost dead
waggish
frolicsome
expropriate
to surrender ownership of
adjudicate
to try to determine, as a court
outmoded
obsolete
sedentary
stationary
treatise
a written composition, whose principles are explained
raconteur
someone skilled at storytelling
polemic
practice of argument
guy
a rope or chain used to steady something
chasm
deep opening
acerbic
sour or severe
jibe
to agree
acumen
descernement
gall
brazen assurance
coronation
the crowning of new king/queen
proponent
one who makes a proposal
usurp
to seize
duress
forced restraint
infallible
not liable deceive
recourse
an attempt to find assistance
wax
to grow bigger
quay
where boats load and unload into the water
tensile
capable of extension
lampoon
written work using satire to belittle or attack someone
bate
to reduce
desist
to stop
polarize
to put at opposite extremes
consecutive
following in order
vagary
a wandering of thoughts
egregious
remarkably bad
appurtenance
an appendage; an accessory
aegis
sponsorship; protection
efficacious
efficient
bilious
ill-tempered
paramour
a lover, a wooer
animus
aggression
demagogue
one who appeals to the prejudices and emotions of others to gain power
probity
virtue
embroil
to complicate
fulminate
to make a loud, sudden noise;

to send decrees with force or authority
ruminate
to mull over
glower
to stare angrily, to scowl
analgesic
pain killer
infidel
one who does not believe in the prevailing religious faith
tenure
length of time at a job;

how to gain permanent appointment
despondency
loss of hope
wrest
to turn/twist
immolate
to sacrifice(kill)
ennui
a feeling of weariness and disgust
dross
waste matter
garish
gaudy
decry
publically condemn
prototype
first example
inveigh
to complain/criticize strongly
desist
to stop persisting
opulent
elegant(think opal)
bungle
clumsy
flag
to tire, lose vigor
pugilist
boxer/fighter
cessation
a discontinueance
conceit
a fanciful idea
unkempt
unkept, untidy
vivisection
the dissection of a live animal
stupefy
to make dull; to deprive of understanding
auspice
patronage;

assistanc/protection;

sign/omen
recapitualte
to sum up
coiffure
headdress
secede
to retire, withdraw, separate oneself
enjoin
to prohibit
apogee
farthest from the highest point
hoary
white or gray from age
appurtenance
an appendage or accessory
benediction
a blessing
decrepitude
[decrepit] broken state by old age
perdition
entire loss
skirmish
small battle
garish
gaudy, tawdry
diminutive
very small; below the average size
think: diminish
unrequited
not repaid or returned
monolithic
consisting of a single piece or idea
plebeian
common;
vulgar
myopic
nearsighted
amorous
[think: amore]

inclined to love
decadent
sinfully delightful
tantamount
equivalent in value
maculated
having spots or blotches
enrapture
to transport with pleasure
draconian
extremely cruel or severe
variegated
marked with different colors
atavistic
habitual
winsome
merry
litany
a repetitive incantation or listing
hamlet
a small village
ravish
to transport with joy or delight;

to seize by violence
deplore
to lament

to condemn
hackles
the hairs or feathers around an animals neck
brigand
a lawless fellow; one of a band of robbers
sacrosanct
sacred
satirical
to make fun of with humor; could be sarcastic
respite
temporary intermission
saunter
to walk in relaxed fashion
piebald
mottled; having black and white spots
venal
corrupt
incendiary
arsonist;

to agitate
animus
aggression; hostility
pluck
spirit; courage
celerity
quickness
pollyannish
very optimistic
ecumenical
encompassing many faiths or beliefs
corollary
an inference (from demonstration)

a consequence
sentenious
terse and full of meaning
hegemony
leadership
cynosure
at the center of attention
somnambulist
a sleepwalker
nuance
a shade of difference; a delicate distinction
abnegation
a renunciation
cozen
to deceive; cheat
acquiesce
to accept
mercenary
a soldier for hire
rejoinder
an anwer to a reply
truncate
to cut short
despondency
loss of hpe
staid
sober

grave

sedate
blight
mildew; decay
realpolitik
politics based on pratical matters (not ethical principles)
salacious
to be lustful
cabal
a secret association composed of a few persons
vitriol
sharp/bitter feeling
avocation
[think: vocation]

an occupation of lesser importance (which is ~ persued for pleasure, not money)
parry
to ward off or evade (an argument)
defeatist
one who expects loss
insidious
marked by deceit

intended to entrap
congenial
kindred; sympathetic
sage
wise
polyglot
one who speaks multiple languages
bawdy
dirty/obscene
fractious
irritable
mendicant
a beggar
perigee
the lowest or closest point

the point of a satellite's orbit that is nearest the earth
vernacular
the local language of a place
tautology
repetition
ungainly
clumsy; awkward
tutelage
guardianship
picayune
small coin;

something of little value
portent
an omen
preamble
an introductory portion
embroil
to complicate
carp
to find fault; criticize
efface
to rub out; erase
abate
reduce
aberrant
abnormal, deviant
abeyance
suspended action
abscond
to leave secretly
abstemious
eating/drinking in moderation
aggrandize
increase in power/influence
alacrity
promptness, eagerness
amalgamate
mix
ambibalence
uncertainty or indecisiveness;
mixed feelings
anachronism
out of place in time
anomaly
anomalous
abnormal, irregular
antipathy
dislike
apprise
inform
approbation
approval
appropriate
acquire
arbitrate
judge b/w 2 parties
archaic
ancient, old-fashioned
ardor
intense and passionate feeling
artless
open and honest
ascetic
self-denying and austere
hermit
assiduous
diligent
assuage
make less severe, ease, soothe
attenuate
reduce, weaken
audacious
fearless and daring
austere
severe or stern
autonomous
self-governing
aver
state confidently
banal
predictable
belie
contradict, give false impression
bolster
support
boorish
rude, insensitive
burgeon
grow forth
burnish
shiny, polish
buttress
support
cacophony
cacophonous
inharmonious
capricious
fickle
castigate
punish
caustic
sarcastically biting
chicanery
deception, trickery
cogent
convincing and well reasoned
convoluted
intricate, complicated
corroborate
provide supporting evidence
credulous
too trusting, gullible
crescendo
increase in volume or intensity
coagulate
thicken, clot
coda
concluding section of musical; literary piece
commensurate
of the same size, extent
compendium
brief, summary
complaisant
trying to please
conciliatory
reconciling, soothing
confound
confuse
connoisseur
someone who appreciates
contention
assertion, thesis
contentios
quarrelsome
contrite
feeling regret and sorrow for one's offenses
conundrum
riddle; difficult problem
craven
cowardly
deference
respect, courtesy
deride
ridicule, mock
desiccate
dry out
diatribe
abusive speech, scolding
desultory
aimless, haphazard, disconnected
diffident
lacking self-confidence, shyness
dilettante
amatuer
dirge
funeral hymm or mournful speech
disabuse
free from error
disparate
fundamentally different
dissemble
present a false appearance
dissonance
discord, opposite of harmony
dogma
firmly held opinion
daunt
frighten
default
failure to act
delineate
portray, depict
denigrate
defame; belittle
dichotomy
split
discrete
separate, unconnected
disingenuous
not naive, sophisticated
disparage
belittle
disseminate
spread; distribute
distend
expand
eclectic
made up of a variety of sources
elegy
sorrowful poem or speech
emulate
imitate
enervate
reduce in strength
engender
cause, bring about
equivocate
lie, mislead
erudite
learned, scholarly
esoteric
hard to understand; understood only by a few
estimable
admirable
exacerbate
to make worse
ebullient
excitement, enthusiasm
effrontery
shameless boldness
empirical
based on experience
endemic
prevailing among a specific group of people
equanimity
calmness of temperament; composure
extrapolation
to infer (an unknown) from something that is known; conjecture.
fawn
grovel, flattering
fervid
marked by great passion or zeal
foment
arouse; promote growth of
frugality
thrifty
facetious
joking
fallacious
false
fatuous
foolish
felicitous
appropriate, well chosen
fervor
intensity of feeling
fledgling
inexperienced
flout
reject; mock
garrulous
tending to talk a lot; loquacious
gregarious
outgoing; sociable
guile
deceit
gainsay
deny
goad
urge on
gouge
overcharge
grandiloquent
bombastic
harangue
speech
iconoclast
one who opposes established beliefs/cusoms
imperturbable
not capable of being disturbed
impetuous
quick to act without thinking
implacable
unable to be calmed down
inchoate
not full formed; disorganized
ingenuous
showing innocence
inimical
unfriendly; hostile
innocuous
harmless
insipid
lack of interest/flavor
intransigent
uncompromising
irascible
easily made angry
impassive
w/o feeling
impede
hinder
incongruity
lack of harmony
indigence
poverty
indolent
lazy
insinuate
hint;imply
insularity
narrow mindedness; isolation
intractable
unruly; stubborn; not easily managed
invective
abuse
invective
abuse
laconic
using few words; brief and to the point
lament
express sorrow; grieve
laud
praise
lucid
clearly and easily understood
luminous
bright
lassitude
weariness
latent
dormant; hidden; undeveloped
levity
lack of seriousness
malinger
one who feigns illness to escape duty
malleable
capable of being shaped
misanthrope
a person who dislikes others
mitigate
soften; lessen
mollify
calm; make less severe
monotomy
lack of variation
maverick
rebel
mendacious
lying; habitually dishonest
neophoyte
beginner
obdurate
obstinate; unmoved by persuasion, pity, or tender feelings; stubborn; unyielding
obsequious
eager to please
obviate
prevent
occlude
stop
onerous
troublesome
opprobrium
public disgrace
officious
meddlesome
paragon
model of perfection
pedant
showing off learning
perfidous
willing to betray ones trust
perfunctory
indifferent
philanthropy
charity; desire to do good
placate
soothe; pacify
pragmatic
practical
precipitate
hasty; quick; sudden
prevaricate
to lie
proliferate
increase
propitiate
appease
prudence
wisdom; caution
partisan
one-sided; prejudeced
paucity
scarcity
penchant
strong inclination; liking
penury
poverty
pernnial
long lasting
pervasive
spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm
platitude
trite remark
presumptuous
arrogant; taking liberties
probity
uprightness
propensity
natural incination
proscribe
outlaw
quiescent
motionless
repudiate
reject the validity
reticent
silent; reserved
rhetoric
effective writing or speaking
recalcitrant
stubborn
recant
confess
recluse
hermit; loner
recondite
profound; secret
refractory
resistant; stubborn
relegate
demote
reproach
express disapproval
reprobate
devoid of decency
rescind
cancel
specious
deceptively attractive; misleading
stigma
mark of shame
stolid
unemotional
sublime
grand
tacit
w/o words
tirade
verbal attack
torpor
lethargy
transitory
temporary
vacillate
indecisive; unpredictable
venerate
to respect deeply
veracity
filled with truth
vex
annoy
waver
fluctuate between choices
salubrious
healthy
shard
fragment
genteel
well-bred; elegant
indomitable
unconquerable; unyielding
bludgeion
club
cabal
small group of persons secretly united to promote their own interests
waffle
speak equivocally/without meaning
dormer
window projecting upright from roof; sleeping room
stratum
layer of earth's surface; layer of society
portly
stout
intrepid
fearless
cavalcade
procession of riders; cavalry
subsidy
direct financial aid by government
skirmish
minor fight; minor battle in war
asunder
into parts; apart
seine
seine net
puissant
powerful; strong; potent
lustrous
shining; brilliant
knit
join together closely
rider
amendment or clause added to a legislative bill
venerate
revere; treat with great respect
simile
comparison of one thing with another; using the word like or as
tureen
deep dish for serving soup
recapitulate
summarize
caliber
ability; quality
adjuration
solemn urging; entreat earnestly
bandy
discuss lightly or glibly; discuss in a frivolous manner; exchange words heatedly; quarrel
demoniac
demoniacal
cruel; demonic
inordinate
beyond reasonable limits; unrestrained; excessive
swarthy
(of a skin or complextion) dark; duscky
dotage
senility; feeblemindedness of old age

"in one's dotage..."
oligarchy
government by a privileged few
intelligentsia
intellectuals; members of the educated elite
unassuming
modest
audit
examination of accounts of a business; official examination
viper
venomous snake
satire
form of literature in which irony, sarcasm, and ridicule are employed to attack human vice and folly
espouse
adopt; support
synoptic
providing a general overview; summary
umbrage
resentment; anger; sense of injury or insult

"take umbrage at his rudeness"
comprehensive
broad; thorough, inclusive
lumeber
move heavily or clumsily
patrician
noble; aristocratic; person of high rank;
iota
very small quantity
vivisection
act of dissecting living animals
pedagogy
teaching; art of education
extol
praise very highly; glorify
levee
earthen or stone embankement
enumerate
list; mention one by one
misanthrope
one who hates mankind
repertoire
list of works in music, drama, etc.
mollify
soothe an angry person
corollary
natural consequence (which naturally follows from something else)
begrudge
envy; give or allow unwillingly; grudge
germinal
pertaining to a germ
creative

"a germinal idea"
pauper
very poor person
Occident
the West
mincing
delicate; cut into very small pieces; walk with exaggerated primness;

"the actor minced across the stage"
obviate
make unnecessary; get rid of

"obviate the need"
lineaments
features especially of the face; distinctive shape or contour of the face
stringent
(of rules) binding; rigid; marked by scarcity of money

"stringent economic conditions"
compile
assemble; gather; accumulate
abysmal
bottomless
benediction
blessing
satirical
using satire; mocking
incrustation
hard coating or crust
subaltern
subordinate
squalor
condition of being squalid; filth; degradation; dirty neglected state
peripheral
marginal; outer; of minor importance; not central
tyranny
oppression; cruel government
brackish
somewhat saline
pastoral
rural; of rural life; idyllic
vertigo
severe dizziness; giddiness
brooch
ornamental clasp/pin
obsequy
funeral ceremony
rakish
stylish; sporty; morally corrupt;

"he wore his hat at a rakish and jaunty angle"
resonant
echoing; resounding (sounding loudly)
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; reason logically
impolitic
not wise
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain
gainsay
deny
ovation
enthusiastic applause
conformity
harmony
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
enrapture
please intensely
doldrums
blues; period of stagnation; ocean near equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct
liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement of quitting ones' job
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; device, such as a formula or rhyme
ratiocination
reasoning; act of drawing conclusions from premises; reason logically
impolitic
not wise
congenial
pleasant; friendly; in agreement with one's tastes and nature
masochist
person who enjoys his own pain
gainsay
deny
ovation
enthusiastic applause
conformity
harmony
seismic
pertaining to earthquakes
enrapture
please intensely
doldrums
blues; period of stagnation; ocean near equator where ships cannot move because there is no wind
impiety
irreverence; lack of respect for God
propriety
fitness; quality of being proper; correct conduct
liability
drawback; handicap; debts; obligation; responsibility
resignation
patiently submissiveness; statement of quitting ones' job
mnemonic
pertaining to memory; assisting the memory; device, such as a formula or rhyme
depravity
extreme corruption
tumid
swollen; pompous
slovenly
untidy
cataclysm
violent and sudden event or change
automaton
mechanism that imitates actions of humans; machine that works by itself
caprice
whim
regiment
subject to strict order
patronize
support; be a customer of

act superior toward
treat in a condescending manner
gravity
seriousness
taxonomist
specialist in classifying
remunerative
compensating
dissertation
formal essay
impassive
w/o feeling; expressionless
alimentary
supplying nourishment
gadfly
animal-biting fly; irritating person
dabble
work in a nonserious fashion
supplant
take the place of unfairly; replace
malcontent
discontented person
ballast
heavy substaqnce used to add stability or weight
minion
servile dependent; obsequious follower
hap
chance; luck
improvident
thriftless; not providing for the future
indubitable
unable to be doubted; which cannot be doubted; unquestionable
suppositious
assumed; counterfeit; hypothetical
congeal
freeze; coagulate
avuncular
of or like an uncle
comestible
something fit to be eaten
foment
stir up; instigate
overwrought
nervous or excited; extremely agitated
edict
decree; official command
perspicuity
clearness of expression; freedom from ambiguity
inchoate
recently begun; not explicit; at the beginning of development; rudimentary;
coin
invent or fabricate
manumit
emancipate
consecrate
sanctify; declare as sacred
orifice
small opening
cynosure
object of general attention
collation
a light meal
vouchsafe
guarantee
centigrade
opposite farenheit
diurnal
daily
emetic
substance causing vomiting
tangential
only slightly connected; not central
impetus
moving force; momentum; force of a moving body; incentive; stimulus; impulse
cantata
story set to music to be sung by a chorus
totter
shake or move unsteadily; sway as if to fall
luxuriant
abundant; growing healthily and in large amounts; excessively ornate
sheateh
place into a case
nugatory
worthless; futile
cistern
reservoir or water tank
quintesence
purest and highest embodiment; perfect example
nonplus
put at a loss; bring to a halt by confusion; perplex
opalescent
iridescent; lustrous
fracas
brawl; noisy quarrel or fight in which a number take part
canker
any ulcerous sore
deify
turn into a god; make a god of; idolize
peregrination
journey; wander about
reputable
having a good reputation
martinet
strict disciplinarian
paltry
petty
delude
deceive
coterie
group that meets socially; select circle; close group of people with shared interests
thematic
of a theme
anecdote
short story of amusing or interesting event
spate
sudden flood or rush
taper
very thin candle; gradual decrease in the width of a long object
relent
become less severe; give in
malignant
tending to cause death; highly injurious
importunate
urging; always demanding
supposition
assumption; hypothesis
ravine
narrow valley with steep sides
flay
strip off skin; remove the skin form; criticize harshly
dregs
sediment in a liquid; worthless residue
irresolute
uncertain how to act; weak; indecisive
amiabe
agreeable; lovable; warmly friendly
inviolable
secure from corruption, attack, or violation
symmetry
arrangements of parts so that balance is obtained
occult
mysterious; secret; supernatural
cadaver
corpse; dead human body
amass
collect (gradually, in a very large amount)
convivial
pleasantly merry; festive; joyous; gay
misapprehension
misunderstanding
cadaverous
like a corpse; pale
exiguous
small in amount; minute
stultify
make stupid in mind; cause to appear or become stupid or inconsistant; suppress; frustrate or hinder
abstain
refrain; withhold from participation
bard
poet
subversive
tending to overthrow or ruin; destroy completely; undermine
deft
skillful
circuitous
roundabout
vegetate
live in a monotonous way (w/o interests or activity)
incur
bring upon oneself
corporeal
of the body
credulity
belief on slight evidence; gullibility
deadpan
wooden; impassive; with no show of feeling; an expressionless face
rivulet
small stream
gestate
evolve as in prenatal growth
ethos
underlying character of a culture, group, etc.

character or ideas peculiar to a specific person, group, or culture
redolent
odorous; fragrant
abdicate
renounce; give up
hew
cut into pieces with ax or sword; chop
trivia
unimportant matters
chimerical
fantastically improbable; highly unrealistic
quiescent
dormant; temporarily inactive; at rest
arch-
chief
numismatist
person who collects coins
minutiae
petty or trivial details
askew
crookedly; slanted; at an angle
bouillon
clear beef/meat soup
sagacious
wise; perceptive; shrewd
litotes
understatement for emphasis

"not bad" = "pretty good"
agog
highly excited; intensely curious
fastidious
difficult to please; fussy
penury
extreme poverty
dissimulate
pretend; conceal by feigning
hapless
unfortunate
truncate
cut the top off; shorten
disquisition
formal systematic inquiry; long formal speech or written report
ruffian
bully; violent scoundrel
incontrovertible
indisputable; not open to question
clamber
climb by crawling with difficulties
futile
useless; hopeless
concession
an act of yielding; conceding
import
significance; importance
subdue
less intense; quieter
suavity
polish; urbanity
duress
forcible restraint; especially unlawfully; coercion by threat
quarry
dig into (to get stone); mine
clime
climate
aureole
sun's corona; halo; bright circle of light
ominous
threatening; of an evil omen
procurement
obtaining; obtain by effort;
querulous
given to complaining; whining
mettle
courage; spirit
dally
trifle with; toy with; treat without the necessary seriousness
pall
become boring; grow tiresome
machinations
evil schemes or plots
kismet
fate; destiny
scuffle
struggle confusedly; move off i a confused hurry
cipher
nonentity; worthless person or thing; zero;

secret code
immolate
offer or kill as a sacrifice
fecundity
fertility; fruitfulness
verisimilitude
appearance of truth; likelihood

"verisimilitude of her performance as Lady Macbeth"
waylay
ambush
perturb
disturb greatly
oratorio
dramatic poem set to music
novice
beginner
sophistry
seemingly plausible but fallacious reasoning
erode
eat/wear away
constituent
supporter