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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The formation of the Canary Islands is an example of a
Hotspot
The viscosity of magma depends on the temperature and
silica content
Fast moving hot lava
Pahoehoe
The main hazard from a quiet volcanic eruption is
lava flows
Tall, cone-shaped mountains in which layers of lava alternate with layers of ash are called
Composite volcano
When many layers of thin, runny lava build up a high, level area, the result is a
Lava plateau
The major ingredient of magma is
Silica
Before lava reaches the surface, the molten material is called
Magma
A mass of rock formed when a large body of magma cools inside the crust is called a
Batholith
A volcano that may erupt again at some time in the distant future is
Dormant
The huge hole left by the collapse of a volcanic mountain is called a
Caldera
When ash, cinders, and bombs build up in a steep pile around a volcano’s vent, the result is a
Cinder cone volcano
When magma hardens in a volcano’s pipe, the result will eventually be a landform called a
Volcanic neck
Magma that forces across rock layers hardens into a
Dike
A major volcanic belt that circles the Pacific
Ring of Fire
The resistance of a liquid to flowing is called
Viscosity
The bowl-shaped area around a volcano’s central vent is called a(n)
Crater
A type of stress force produces reverse faults
Compression
A fold in rock that bends upward into an arch
Anticline
The point beneath Earth’s surface where rock breaks under stress and triggers an earthquake
Focus
A large area of flat land elevated high above sea level is called a
Plateau
A type of earthquake wave can travel through both liquids and solids
P wave
The transfer of energy through empty space is called
Radiation
The name of the supercontinent that existed millions of years ago
Pangea
The process by which the ocean floor sinks beneath a deep-ocean trench and back into the mantle is known as
Subduction
Earth’s magnetic field results from movements in the
Outer core
A collision between two pieces of continental crust at a converging boundary produces a
Mountain range
The stress force that pulls on the crust where two plates are moving apart
Tension
The process in which the violent shaking of an earthquake turns soft soil into liquid mud
Liquefaction
Hawaii is this type of volcano
Shield
10 mm equals how many cm?
1 cm
0 L equals how many mL?
0 mL
3 kg equals how many g?
3000 g
Unscramble the term

gamma
magma
Unscramble the term

yseerg
geyser
Unscramble the word

neeeaprhhstos
Asthenosphere
Unscramble the word

aavl
Lava
.009 kg equals how many g?
9 g
22.22 cm equals how many mm?
222.2
.07 g equals how many cg?
7 cg
A large wave created by an earthquake
Tsunami
Southern half of Pangea
Gondwanaland
The outermost layer of the earth
Crust
Is unlikely to erupt
Extinct
Unscramble the word

ltanme
mantle