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24 Cards in this Set

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The branch of medicine that deals with the health maintenance and he diseases of women, primarily of the reproductive organs.
Gynecology
The branch of medicine that deals with the care of women throughout pregnancy.
Obstetrics
The inner layer of the uterine wall where the fertilized egg implants.
Endometrium
The thick middle layer of the uterine wall made up of smooth muscle fibers.
Myometrium
The serosal peritoneal membrane which forms the outermost layer of the uterine wall.
Perimetrium
The onset of menses, usually occurring between ages 10 and 14.
Menarche
The release of an egg from the ovary.
Ovulation
Sloughing of the uterine lining (endometrium) if a fertilized egg is not implanted. It is controlled by the cyclical release of hormones. Menstruation is also called a period.
Menstruation
A variety of signs and symptoms, such as weight gain, irritability, or specific food cravings associated with the changing hormonal levels that precede menstruation.
Premenstrual syndrome (PMS)
The cessation of menses and ovarian function due to decreased secretion of estrogen.
Menopause
Most Common Emergency Gynecological Complaints
- Abdominal pain
- Vaginal bleeding
Painful menstruation.
Dysmenorrhea
Painful sexual intercourse.
Dyspareunia
An acute infection of the reproductive organs that can be caused by a bacteria, virus, or fungus.
Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
Infection of the urinary bladder.
Cystitis
Painful urination often associated with cystitis.
Dysuria
Abdominal pain associated with ovulation.
Mittelschmerz
Infection of the endometrium.
Endometritis
Commonly used term to describe a pregnancy which ends before 20 weeks' gestation; may also be called spontaneous abortion.
Miscarriage
Condition in which endometrial tissue grows outside of the uterus.
Endometriosis
The implantation of a developing fetus outside of the uterus, often in a fallopian tube.
Ectopic pregnancy
Treatment for Abdominal Pain
- Make the patient comfortable.
- Transport the patient.
Excessive menstrual flow.
Menorrhagia
Treatment for Vaginal Bleeding
- Absorb blood flow, but do not pack the vagina.
- Transport the patient.
- Initiate oxygen therapy and IV access based on the patient's condition.