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7 Cards in this Set

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habitual pitch
speaking fundamental frequency, the pitch a person typically speaks in and may not be the best pitch given age, sex, physiological characteristics of the larynx (i.e. typically use on a daily basis). It is influence by the person’s age, gender and may be affected by the person’s mood, communicative intent/circumstances (talking on phone, reading, background noise etc.)
optimal pitch
fundamental frequency where the pitch is precisely correlated with a person’s given age, sex, physiological characteristics of the larynx that produces a rich pure tone voice quality.
Types of aerodynamic measures
MPT, s/z ratio
Maximum Phonation Time (MPT)
time in seconds a person is able to sustain a vowel sound (i.e., “ah”, “ee” or “oo”) with 1 deep breath at a comfortable pitch & loudness. Usually, 3 attempts best attempt is person’s MPT.
S/Z Ratio
voiceless /s/ and voiced /z/ length of production of each sound is completed independently and then compared by dividing seconds of /s/ production by seconds of /z/ production. Values > then 1.40 demonstrate difficulty with vocal fold vibration.
Nasometer
to measures the presence of nasality in speech production
Types of cleft palate repair surgery
simple palatal closure, palatal closure with palatal lengthening, and direct palatal muscle reapproximation applied to the aforementioned. For example, von Langenbeck procedure, Palatal lengthening - V-Y pushback, Intravelar veloplasty, Double-opposing Z-plasties, Two-flap palatoplasty, and Velar closure - Delayed hard palate closure