Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/16

Click to flip

16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
DEFINE ANTHEM
Sacred choral music (Protestant) sung by the choir rather than the congregation, accompanied by organ;
DEFINE ARIA
Solo dramatic, lyrical song used in opera, oratorio or cantata; develops a high point in the work, but rarely advances the action of the plot
DEFINE ARIOSO
Solo song resembling both Recitative and Aria; maintains careful treatment of the text (like RECITATIVE) but is more melodious (like ARIA); ie. Wagner
DEFINE BALLAD
(1) simple song (2) Narrative poem set to music such as Schubert's Erl-König (3) Piano piece, orchestral piece or choral work patterned after above style (ie. Chopin's Four Ballades for piano
DEFINE CANON
Song with two or more voices, each representing a melody. It is the strictest of contrapuntal forms, using imitation. The 2 types are perpetual (infinite) or finite w/definite close
DEFINE CANTATA
Sacred or secular "music for singing" as opposed to music to be played on instruments (sonata); Bach composed over 200 cantatas which were performed in the Lutheran service before the sermon
DEFINE CHORALE
German hymn developed by Martin Luther; basis of much of German music up to 18th Century; Bach harmonized over 400 of these simple melodies
DEFINE "LIED"
German art song; effective union of music & words that captured the mood of a particular poem; 2 types: strophic lied=same music for each stanza of poem; through-composed=each verse is set to different music; Schubert, Schumann, Brahms, Wolf, et al
DEFINE MADRIGAL
Vocal chamber music for the home. Secular music in 2-3 parts; flourished in 16th-17th Century Italy & England.
DEFINE MASS (6 parts)
1.Kyrie Eleison 2.Gloria 3.Credo 4.Sanctus 5.Benedictus 6.Agnus Dei
DEFINE MOTET
Polyphonic setting of Latin religious text other than those of the Mass; 16th C. with Lassus, Palestrina & Victoria
DEFINE OPERA
One of the most important musical forms; brings together singer/actor, music, costumes & performers with the composer; setting moods for all purposes
DEFINE ORATORIO
Dramatic work for soloists, chorus & orchestra; libretto concerns a sacred subject; unlike opera in that it was not written to be acted on a stage; greater emphasis on the role of the chorus; ie. Handel's Messiah
DEFINE PASSION
Piece of sacred music resembling an oratorio based on the last events in the life of Christ; Bach, Schütz
DEFINE RECITATIVE
Music in which the vocal part imitates spoken text
DEFINE SONG
Music that unites text and melody