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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
n.
likeness in some respects between things otherwise different; similarity; comparison
analogy
adj.
autocratic; despotic; tyrannical; proceeding from a whim or fancy (ant. LEGITIMATE)
arbitrary
ant of arbitrary
legitimate
v.
1) decide a dispute, acting as an arbiter or arbitrator (judge)

2) submit a dispute to arbitration
arbitrate
n.
self-evident truth; maxim
axiom
adj.
self-evident; universally acccepted as true
axiomatic
n.
opinion formed before there are grounds for it; prejudice; predilection; partiality
bias
adj.
intolerant; narrow-minded
bigoted
n.
views or behavior of a bigot (one intolerantly devoted to one's own beliefs and prejudices); narrow-mindedness; intolerance
bigotry
v.
think over; consider with care; ponder
cogitate
n.
standard; rule or test for judging

pl. criteria
criterion
n.
most important point; essential part
crux
v.
derive by reasoning;infer
deduce
n.
situation requiring a choice between 2 equally bad alternatives; predicament.
dilemma
adj.
asserting opinions as if they were facts; opinionated; asserted without proof
dogmatic
adj.
choosing (ideas, methods, etc.) from various sources
eclectic
adj.
based on a fallacy (erroneous idea); misleading; deceptive (ant. SOUND; VALID)
fallacious
adj.
liable to be mistaken (ant. INFALLIBLE)
fallible
adj.
rejecting regularly accepted beliefs or doctrines; heretical; nonconformist (ant. ORTHODOX)
heterodox
adj.
supposed; having the characteristics of a hypothesis, a supposition made as a basis for reasoning or research.
hypothetical
n.
misleading appearance; false impression; misconception
illusion
adj.
certain,; incontrovertible; indisputable (ant. QUESTIONABLE; DOUBTFUL)
indubitable
adj.
generally accepted, especially in religion; conventional; approved (ant. HETERODOX, UNORTHODOX)
orthodox
adj.
superficially true or reasonable; apparently trustworthy
plausible
adj.
senseless; absurd; irrational
preposterous
adj.
1) able to think clearly; intelligent; sensible (ant. ABSURB, IRRARIONAL)

2)based on reason
rational
v.
invent excuses for one's actions, desires, failures, etc.
rationalize
n.
clever but deceptive reasoning
sophistry
adj.
apparently reasonable, but not really so
specious
v.
1) reflect; meditate; conjecture

2) buy or sell with the hope of profiting by price fluctuations
speculate
adj.
capable of being maintained or defended (ant. UNTENABLE)
tenable
adj.
shapeless; having no definite form; unorganized
amorphous
adj.
curved inward, creating a hollow space (ant. CONVEX)
concave
n.
outline of a figure
contour
v.
1) twist out of shape

2) change from the true meaning
distort
adj.
1) capable of being shaped by hammering, as a metal

2) adaptable
malleable
adj.
1) rounded out; plump

2) full-toned
rotund
adj.
bending in and out; winding; serpentine
sinuous
adj.
balanced in arrangement; capable of division by a central line into similar haves
symmetrical
adj.
balance; harmony
symmetry
adj.
deserving serious attention; weighty; momentous
grave
adj.
a little or no value; trifling; worthless; useless
nugatory
adj.
practically worthless; trashy; piddling; petty
paltry
adj.
chief; above others; supreme
paramount
adj.
bearing upon the matter in hand; pertinent (ant. EXTRANEOUS)
relevant