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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a holding together by new tissue, produced by inflammation or injury, of 2 structures which are normally seperate.
ADHESION
the union of parts or branches
ANASTOMOSIS
non-opening or closure of a normal tubular opening of the body
ATRESIA
inflammation of gallbladder
CHOLECYSTITIS
presence of stones in the gallbladder
CHOLELITHIASIS
difficulty swallowing
DYSPHAGIA
system of high intensity, cool illumination conducted through a bundle of coated glass fibers
FIBEROPTIC LIGHTING
passage of digested nutrients from the alimentary canal into the blood or lymph system
ABSORPTION
condition ocurring when the lower esophageal sphincter fails to relax normally as food approaches
ACHALASIA
distorted or scarred liver as a result of chronic inflammation
CIRRHOSIS
swallowing
DEGLUTITION
abnormal condition of the development of diverticula
DIVERTICULOSIS
inflammation of a diverticula
DIVERTICULITIS
any inflammation of the intestine, particularly the small intestine
ENTERITIS
disorder that exists in 2 forms, either Crohn's Disease or Ulcerative Colitis
INFLAMMATORY BOWEL DISEASE (IBD)
inflammation of the small intestine
CROHN'S DISEASE
inflammation of the colon consisting of ulcerations and usually accompanied by rectal bleeding
ULCERATIVE COLITIS
disease of the entire GI tract characterized by abnormal muscular contractions, especially a spastic colon, excessive mucus in stools, and alternating diarrhea and constipation
IRRITABLE BOWEL SYNDROME
chewing
MASTICATION
a vascular occlusion in the mesentery is also called what?
MESENTERIC VENOUS THROMBOSIS
what incision is used for a cholecystectomy?
RIGHT OBLIQUE/SUBCOSTAL
what incision is used for a gastrectomy?
LEFT PARAMEDIUM RECTUR
what incision is used for an abdominal hysterectomy?
LONGITUDINAL MIDLINE OR PFANNENSTIEL
what incision is used for tubal ligation?
LOWER MIDLINE
what incision is used for an appendectomy?
MCBURNEY
what incision is used for a nephrectomy?
LATERAL/KIDNEY
list the 4 layers of the esophagus from the inside-out
MUCOSAL LAYER, SUB-MUCOSAL, MUSCLE, ADVENTITIA
what is the importance of the vagus nerve?
IT CONTROLS VOLUNTARY SWALLOWING
what condition causes heartburn, chest pain, and mimics a heart attack?
ACHALASIA
relaxes in response to peristalsis at lower esophageal sphincter, hypertrophied circular muscle, relaxes to peristalsis, but remains contracted at all other times
HIGH PRESSURE ZONE
weakening in wall of esophagus that collects small amounts of food and causes a sensation of fullness in the neck
ESOPHAGEAL DIVERTICULUM
esophageal diverticulum is also known as what?
ZENKER'S DIVERTICULUM
is obstruction of the small or large intestine more dangerous? why?
SMALL-BECAUSE OF LOSS OF FLUIDS BY VOMITTING
what are the 2 common types of ulcers?
DUODENAL AND GASTRIC
this type of ulcer is 4 times more common occurs more often in men, and is likely to occur from age 40-60
DUODENAL ULCERS
a common cause of GI bleeding or hemorrhage in the esophagus
MECKEL'S DIVERTICULUM
when suturing GI area, what suture is used most commonly? mucosal layer?
3-0 SILK; CHROMIC IS USED ON MUCOSAL LAYER