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20 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
AMENDMENT
Modifications or changes made for the better, such as amendments to the U.S. Constitution
APPEALS
Requests to a higher court to review or revise decisions made by the lower courts
APPELLATE COURTS
Referred to as higher courts of the judicial system; hear appeals from lower court
ARREST
Taking a person into custody in a case, and in the manner authorized by the law
ARRAIGNMENT
Legal procedure where the court informs defendants of the nature of the charges aginst them & of their constitutional rights to have counsel, to plead guilty or not, and to have a jury trial
BAIL
Security deposit with a competent court or magistrate to ensure that the accused person will appear for trial when summoned
BILL OF RIGHTS
The first 10 amendments to the U.S. Constitution
COMPETENT COURT
Any court, civil or criminal, having authority to handle a particular case.
CONSTITUTION
A written document that embodies the basic laws of a nation or state
DUE PROCESS
A course of legal proceedings according to the rules/principles established by gov't; basic rights of defendant in J.P. and requisite for fair trial
GRAND JURY
Citizens from w/in county who are sworn to receive complaints & accusations in criminal cases; responsible for determining if there is enough cause to believe person has committed a crime / stand trial
INDICTMENT
Accusation in writing formally charging a person w/ a crime or public offense
MAGISTRATE
Officer of the court having pwr to issue warrant for arrest
PAROLE
Conditional release from confinement. Allows to serve remainder of a sentence outside of prison
PRELIMINARY HEARING
Screening procedure used in felony cases. Determines if there is enough evidence to hold a defendant for trial
PROBATION
A sentencing option for a convict
RIGHT TO BAIL
Defendant's constitutional right to reasonable bail to permit unhampered prep of a defense before trial
SENTENCING
Judgement formally pronounced in court upon a defendant after conviction in a criminal trial
TRIAL
Formal judicial examination and determination of issues (law or fact) b/w parties
TRIAL COURTS
Lower courts; receive evidence & consider cases involving criminal or civil