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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
symbol which represents one or more numbers
variable
a number, a value which does not change
constant
mathematical phrase which includes numbers and operation symbols
numeric espresion
mathematical phrase which includes numbers, variables, and operation symbols
algebraic expression
mathematical sentence which contains an equals sign
equation
an equation which contains a variable
open sentence
accepted order of operations
PEMDAS
replace an expression with its simplest name
simplify
tells how many times a number is used as a factor
exponent
has two parts: a base and an exponent
power
number in a power used as an factor
base
substitute given values of variables and simplify
evaluate
mathematical sentence which compares two expressions using < or >
inequality
any example which proves a statement false
counterexample
two numbers which are the same distance from zero on the number line
opposites
distance of a number from zero on the number line
absolute value
rectangular arrangement of numbers in columns and rows
matrix
an item in a matrix
element
multiplicative inverse
reciprocal
number by which you multiply all elements in a matrix
scalar
number, variable, or product of a number and one or more variables in an algebraic expression
term
numerical factor in a term
coefficient
terms which have the same variable
like terms
two number lines that intersect at right angles
coordinate plane
point of intersection of two number lines
origin
horizontal axis
x-axis
vertical axis
y-axis
four sections made by the two axes
quadrant
x-coordinate
abscissa
y-coordinate
ordinate
graph which shows the relationship between two groups of data
scatter plot
shows the correlation on a scatter plot more clearly
trend line
value of a variable which makes an equation true
solution
equations which have the same solution
equivalent equations
equation which is true for every value of the value
identity
integers which differ by 1
consecutive integers
a constant rate
uniform motion
distance = rate times time
distance formula
equation involving two or more variables
literal equation
values used to describe a set of data
measures of central tendency
sum of all data items divided by the number of data items
mean
middle value when the numbers in a data set are arranged in order
median
data item that occurs the most times
mode
difference between the greatest and smallest values in a data set
range
a data value which is much lower or higher than other values in a data set
outlier
display of data using the digits of the values
stem and leaf plot