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322 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
mollify
v. to soften, make gentle; to calm, allay (as an an emotion), to reduce in intensity.
requisite
adj. needed, necessary, regarded as essential or indispensible.
onus
n. somthing that is heavy or burdensome (especially an unwelcome responsibility); a stigma; blame.
thwart
v. to oppose successfully; to prevent, frustrate, foil
mawkish
adj. excessively and objectionably sentimental, sickening
profligate
adj. given over to dissipation and self-indulgence, immoral, recklessly extravagant.
n. a person given to self-indulgent & wild spending
adamant
adj. firm in purpose or opinion, unyielding;
n. an extremely hard substance
curtail
v. to cut short, bring to a halt or end sooner then expected; to reduce.
bulwark
n. a strong protection or defense, a solid wall-like structure for defense.
v. to provide such defense or protection
choleric
adj. easily made angry. bad tempered
bumptious
adj. offensively self assertive; excessively and arrogantly self-confident
definitive
adj. conclusive, final, representing the limit of what can be done.
enigmatic
adj. puzzling, perplexing, not easily understood, mysterious
impromptu
adj/adv. without preparation, offhand, suddenly or hastily done.
deference
n. courteous yeilding to the wishes and ideas of another person. great respect marked by submission, as to a superior
demeanor
n. the way a person behaves, overall impression made by comportment manner, etc.
cloy
v. to spoil or destroy an appetite by too much indulgence, especially in sweeto or rich things; to glut, satiate.
remit
v. to send or hand in (as money) to cancel (as a penalty or punishment), forgive, pardon; to lessen, diminish.
brouhaha
n. a confused hodgepodge of sounds, hubbub; an uproar or commotion that goes far beyond what is justified.
presentiment
n. a vague sense of approaching misfortune.
sartorial
adj. of or pertaining to a tailor or his work; having to do with clothes or dress (especially men's).
forebearance
n. tolerance and self control (in the face of provocation) patience; the act of refraining from something. abstinence.
intercede
v. to plead on behalf on behalf or someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement.
hackneyed
adj. used so often as to lack freshness or originality.
approbation
n. the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise.
innuendo
n. a hint, indirect suggestion or reference (often in a derogatory sense).
coalition
n. a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose.
elicit
v. to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person).
hiatus
n. a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing).
assuage
v. to make easier or milder; to quiet, calm.
decadence
n. decline, decay or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay
expostulate
v. to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning.
simulate
v. to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of.
jaded
adj. wearied, worn out, dulled (in the sense of being stiated by excessive indulgence)
umbrage
n. offense, resentment
prerogative
n. a special right or privlege.
lurid
adj. causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color
transcend
v. to rise above or beyond, exceed.
provincial
adj. pertaining to an outlying area; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward;
n. a person with a narrow point of view.
petulate
adj. peevish, annoyied by trifles, easily irritated and upset.
unctuous
adj. excessively smooth, oily, or smug; trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity or piety.
meritorious
adj. worthy, deserving recognition and praise.
ex officio
adj, adv. by virtue of holding a certain office.
infringe
v. to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds.
callow
adj. withouth experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise.
ameliorate
v. to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming.
bombasitc
adj. pompous or overblown in language; full of high soudning words intended to conceal lack of ideas.
ingratiate
v. to make one's self agreeable and thus gain acceptance by others (used critical/derogitory.
epitome
n. summary, condensed account, an instance that represents a larger reality.
aplomb
n. poise, assurance, great self confidence.
exhort
v. to urge strongly, advice earnestly.
drivel
n. foolish, aimless talk or thinking, nonsense.
v. to utter nonsense or childish twaddle.
inveigh
v. to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval.
surmise
v. to think or believe without certain supporting evidence. n. an idea that seems likely, but lacks proof.
intrinsic
adj. belonging to someone of it's very nature; essential inherent.
occult
adj. mysterious, magical, supernatural;
n. matters involving the supernatural.
precipitate
v. to cause or bring out hastily; suddenly or prematurly to hurl from gerat height.
lassitude
n. weariness of body or mind, lacking energy.
millennium
n. a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy, prosperity, or peace.
permeate
v. to spread through, penetrate, soak through.
stringent
adj. strict, severe, rigorously binding or compelling.
interloper
n. an intruder, one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be.
expatiate
v. to make amends, atone, make up for.
expedite
v. to make easy, cause progress faster.
abominate
v. to have an intense dislike or hatred for.
ascribe
v. to assign or refer to (as a cuase or source).
adventitious
adj. resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidnetal, not essential.
enjoin
v. to direct or order; to prescibe a course of action in authoritive way. To prohibit.
commiserate
v. to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for; share a feeling of distress.
acculturation
n. the modifacation of the social patterns or traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another.; the relcutant blend.
circuitous
adj. roundabout, not direct.
ferment
n. a state of great excitement, agitation or turbulence;
v. to bein in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action.
pecualte
v. to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use.
proclivity
n. a natural or habitatual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior).
nominal
adj. existing in name only, not real; too small ot be considered or taken seriously.
seditous
adj. resitant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government.
tenuous
adj. thin, slender; of slight importance or significance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported.
noncommittal
adj. not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position or to say yes or no.
sang froid
n. composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances.
inadvertent
adj. resulting from or marked by lack of attention, unintentional, accidental.
aggrandize
v. to increase in greatness of power, or wealth; to build up or intensify.
inscrutable
adj. incapable of being understood.
achetype
n. an original model after which similarthings are patterened; a perfect or typical example.
erudite
adj. scholarly, learned.
infer
v. to find out by reasoning; to arrive at a conclusion on the basis of thought.
affable
adj. courteous and pleasant, socialble, easy to talk to.
amorphous
adj. shapeless, without dfinite form; of no particular type or character.
gossamer
adj. thin, light, delicate, insubstantial;
n. a very thin, light cloth
aura
n. that whihc surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality.
insular
adj.relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience.
contraband
n. illegal traffic, smuggled goods.
sleazy
adj. thin or flimsy in texture; cheap, shoddy, or inferior in quality or character.
irrevocable
adj. incapable or being changed or called back.
sedulous
adj. persistent; showing industy and determination.
remonstrate
v. to argue or plead with someone against something. protest against, object to.
retrench
v. to cut down. reduce in scope or cast.
resilience
adj. able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly.
reverberate
v. to re-echo, resound; to be repeated, reflected.
querulous
adj. peevish, complaining, fretful.
repudiate
v. to disown, reject or deny the validity of.
propensity
n. a natural inclination or bent toward.
scurrilous
adj. coarsly abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foal mouthed.
flout
v. to mock, treat with contempt.
caveat
n. a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discrouage behavior.
blazon
v. to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously.
filch
v. to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts.
fractious
adj. tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary.
equitable
adj. fair, just, embodying principles of justice.
autonomy
n. self-government
addendum.
n. an addition or suppliment designed to increase correctnes, completenes, or currency.
amnesty
n. a general pardon fo an offense against a government; in general, any act of forgiveness.
axiomatic
adj. self-evidnet, expressing a universally accepted principle or rule.
extricate
v. to free from entanglements or difficulty.
soporfic
adj.tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy.
n. something that induces sleep.
scathing
adj. biterly severe, withering, causing great harm.
unwieldy
adj. not easily carried, handled or manaaged.
vapid
adj. dull, uninteresting, tiresome, lacking in sharpness and flavor.
prognosticate
v. to predict, especially on the basis of present indications or signs.
sepulchral
adj. funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal.
salutary
adj. beneficial, helpful; healthy, wholesome.
straitlaced
adj. extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prusish, puritancial.
scourge
v. to whip, punis severly;
n. a cause or affliction or sufferieng; a source of severe punishment or criticism.
precept
n. a rule or conduct or action.
transient
adj. lasting only a short time; fleeting;
n. one who stays only a short time.
brusque
adj. abrupt, blunt, with not formalities.
demagogue
n. a leader who exploits popular predjudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power.
cajole
v. to coax, persuade, through flattery or artifice.
ennui
n. weariness and discontentment from lack of occupation or interest; boredom
anomalous
adj. abnormal, irregular, departing fromt he usual.
contrive
v. to plan iwth ingenuity, invent, to bring about as the result of a scheme or plan.
disabuse
v. to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking.
arbiter
n. one having power to decide a matter at issue; a judge, umpire.
bizarre
adj. extremely stange, unusual.
castigate
v. to punish severely; critisize.
aspersion
n. a damaging or derogoatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming.
vouchsafe
v. to give or funish condescendingly; to grant.
megalomania
n. a delusion marked by a feeling or power, wealth, talent etc. far in excess of reality.
surreptitious
adj. stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation.
transmute
v. to change from one nature, substance or form to another; to transform.
immutable
adj. not subject to change, constant.
transgress
v. to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law.
heinous
adj. very wicked, offensive, hateful.
insurgent
n. one who rebels or rises agaisnt authority.
adj. rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority.
fetter
n. a chain or shackle placed ont he feet (often used as plural); anithing that confines or restrains;
v. to chain/shackle.
sinecure
n. a position requiring little or no work; an easy job.
vicarious
adj. performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in plce of another.
desecrate
v. to commit sacrilege; to treat irreverently.
inconsequencial
adj. trifling, unimportant.
concoct
v. to prepare by combing ingredients. make up (as a dish); to devise/invent.
disconcert
v. to confuse, to disturb the composure of.
cadaverous
adj. pale, gaunt, resembling a corpse.
grandiose
adj. grand in an impressive or stately way; marked by pompous affectation or grandeur, absurdly exaggerated.
debase
v. to lower in character, quality, or value; to degrade, adulterate.
beneficent
adj. performing acts of kindness or charity; conferring benefits; doing good.
crass
adj. coarse, unfeeling; stupid.
desist
v. to cease doing something, forbear.
austere
adj. sever or stern in manner; without adornment or luxury; simple, harsh.
infraction
n. a breaking of law or obligation.
redoubtable
adj. inspring fear or awe.
pillage
v. to rob of goods by open force (as in war), plunder;
n. the act of looting; booty.
vulnerable
adj. open to attack; capable of being wounded or damged; unprotected.
stipend
n. a fixed sum of money paid periodicallyfor services or to defray expenses.
prate
v. to talk a great deal in a foolish or aimless fashion.
restitution
n. the act of restoring something to the rightful owner, making good for loss or damage.
punctilious
adj. very careful and exact, attentive to fine points or etiquette or propriety.
stalwart
adj. strong & sturdy; brave; resolute;
n. a strong supporter.
reprove
v. to find fault with, scold, rebuke.
mitigate
v. to make milder or softer, to mderate in force or intensity.
elan
n. an enthusiasitc vigor and livliness, spirit, a flair.
dissipate
v. to scatter, dispel; to spend foolishly, squander; to be extravagant in pursuit of pleasure.
disavow
v. to deny responsibility offor or connection with.
conducsive
adj. tending to promote or assist, helpful, favorable.
expurgate
v. to remove objectionable passages or words from a written text; to cleanse, purify.
dispassionate
adj. impartial; calm, free from emotion.
consternation
n. dismay/confusion
dissension
n. disagreemetn, sharp difference of opinion.
bovine
adj. resembling a cow or ox; sluggish, unresponsive
acrimonious
adj. stinging, bitter in temper or tone.
corpulent
adj. fat; having a large, bulky body.
subserviant
adj. subordinate in capacity or role; serving to promote some end. submissively obedient.
perfidy
n. faithlessness, treachery.
hypothetical
adj. based on an assumption or guess; used as a provisional or tentative idea to guide or direct investigation.
impugn
v. to call into question; attack as false.
odium
n. hatred, contempt; disgrace or infamy rresulting from hateful conduct.
intemperate
adj. immoderate, lacking in self-control.
ignoble
adj. mean, low, base.
squeamish
adj. easily shocked or uposet; excessively fastidious or refined.
susceptible
adj. open to; easily infuenced; lakcing in resistance.
gauntlet
n. an armored or protective glove; a challenge to combat; two lines of men armed with eapons with whicht o beat a person forced to run between the; an ordeal.
relegate
v. to place in a lower position, to assign, refer, turn over.
adulation
n. a praise or flattery that is excessive
evanescent
adj. vanishing, soon passing away.
dilatory
adj. not on time, not prompt; tending to delay
abate
v. to make less in amount, degree, etc.; to subside, become less.
irresolute
adj. unable to make up one's mind.
astute
adj. shrewd, crafty, showing practical wisdom.
avarice
n. a greedy desire, particularly for wealth.
egregious
adj. conspicuous, standingo ut form the mass (used in an particularly in an unfavorable sense.)
culpable
adj. deserving blame, worhty fo condemnation.
anathema
n. an object of inense dislike; a curse or strong denunciation (often used adjectivally without the article)
equivocate
v. to speak or act in a way that allows of more than one interpretation; to be deliberately vague or ambitious.
slovenly
adj. untidy, dirty, careless about one's appearance.
supposition
n. somehting which is assumed or takend for granted without conclusive evidence.
succinct
adj. expressed briefly and clearly.
recapitulate
v. to review a series of facts; to sum pu in an orderly way.
nebulous
adj. vague, confused, indistinct
resuscitate
v. to revive, bring back to concsiousness or existence.
torpid
adj. inactive, sluggish, dull.
novice
n. one who is just a beginner at some activity requring skill and experience (also used adjectivally).
penury
n. extreme poverty; barrenness, insufficiency
modicum
n. a small or moderate amount.
pretentious
adj. done for show, striving to make a big impression; claiming merit or position unjustifiably.
fortuitous
adj. accidental, happening by chance.
covert
adj. hidden, disguised, purposefully kept secret.
bedlam
n. a sate or scene of uproar and confusion.
debonair
adj. pleasant, courteous, lighthearted; smooth and polished (in manners and apearance)
annotation
n. a critical or explanatory note or comment, especially for a literary work.
gist
n. the essential part, main point, or essence of a matter.
efficacious
adj. effective, producing results.
accrue
v. to grow or accumulate in the course of time; to happen as a natural result.
dun
v. to demand insistently, especially payment of a debt.
equanimity
n. calmness, composure, refusal to panic.
antediluvian
adj. relating to or typical of ancient times; antiquated.
provocative
adj. tending to produce a strong feeling or respnse; arousing desire or apetite; irritating, annoying.
sedentary
adj. characterized by or calling for continued sitting; remaining in one place.
imperious
adj. overbearing, arrogant seeking to dominate.
gratuitous
adj. freely given; not called for by circumstaqnces, unwarranted.
procrastinate
v. to delay, put off until later
recondite
adj. exceeding ordinary knowldge and understanding, prfound abstuse
munificent
adj. extremely generous, lavish.
inimical
adj. unfriendly, hostile; harmful, unfavorable.
motley
adj. showing great diversity or variety; composed of different elements (especially in a discordant sense; of many colors.
invective
n. a strong denunciation or condemnation; absive language.
reprobate
n. a depraved, cicious or unprincipled person, scoundrel;
adj. wicked, corrupt, or unprincipled.
denizen
n. an inhabitant, resident; one who frequents a place.
contingent
adj. likely but not certain to happen, possible; dependent on uncertaint events or conditions; happening by chance.
n. a preresentative group forming part of a larger body.
foist
v. to impose fraud; to pass off as worthy or genuine; to bring in by stealth, dishonesty, or coercion.
corroborate
v. to confirm, make more certain.
abstemious
adj. moderate, sparing 9as in eating and drinking); characterized by abstinence and self-dicipline.
disseminate
v. to scatter widely.
florid
adj. highly colored, reddish; excessively ornate, overdecorated, showy.
censurable
adj. deseving of blame or correction.
discursive
adj. passing aimlessly from one subject o another, rambling.
dowdy
adj. poorly dressed, shabby; lacking smartness and good taste.
accentuate
v. to emphasize, place stress on.
specious
adj. deceptive, apparetnly good or valid, but lacking in real merit.
perceptive
adj. having sympathetic insight or understanding, capable of keen appreciate.
palpable
adj. capable of being touched or felt; easily seen, heard, or recognized.
sear
v. to make become dry and withered; to char or scorch the surface of.
satiate
v. to satisfy completly; to fill to excess.
gauche
adj. awkward, lacking in socail graces, tactless, clumsy.
inculcate
v. to impress on the mind by reptititon, teach persistently and earnestly.
heresy
n. an opinion different from accepted belief; the denial of an idea that is generally held sacred.
pernicious
adj. extremely harmful; deadly, fatal.
quail
v. to shrink back in fear, lose heart in a difficult or dangerous situation.
salient
adj. prminetn, standing out, conspicious.
clangor
n. a loud ringing sound (with a suggestion of being disturbing).
deleterious
adj. harmful, injurious
absolve
v. to clear from blame, responsibility, or guilt.
enhance
v. to raise to ahighter degree; to increase the value or desirablility of.
caricature
n. a representation (especially a drawing)in which the subject's characteristic features are deliberately exaggerated;
v. to present someone or something in a deliberately distorted way.
extenuate
v. to lessen the magnitude of an offense by making partial excuses.
contiguous
adj. side by side, touching, near.
exude
v. to ooze out; to discharge through the pores; to emanate (as a quality or a personal impression)
implicit
adj. implied or understood throuhg unexpressed; without doubts or reservatiosn, unquestioning.
cupidity
n. an eager desire for something. greed.
enthrall
v. to captivate, charm, hold spellbound.
scintillating
adj, part. sparkling, twinkling, exceptionally brillian 9applied to mental or personal qualitites)
redundant
adj. extra, excess, more than is needed; wordy, repetitive.
winsome
adj. charming, attractive, pleasing (often suggesting a childlike charm and innocence.)
preeminent
adj. superior, outstanding; prominent.
paragon
n. a model of excellence or perfection
politic
adj. prudent, shrewdly conceived and developed. artful, expedient.
sancitmonious
adj. making a show of virtue or righteousness; hypocitically moralistic or pious.
incisive
adj. sharp, keen, penetrating (with a suggestion of decisiveness and effectiveness).
prosaic
adj. dull, ordinary, lacking in distinction and origniality; characteristic of prose, not poetic.
paraphrase
v. to restate in other words
n. a statement that presents a given idea in a new language.
ostentation
adj. marked by conspicious or pretentious display, showy.
collate
v. to compare critically to note differences, similarities, etc.; to arrange in order for some specific purpose.
foment
v. to promote toruble or rebellion
abet
v. to encourage, assit 9especially in something wrong or unworthy).
encumber
v. to weigh down or burden 9with difficulties, cares, debt, etc.) to fill up, block, hinder.
connoisseur
n. an expert; one who is well qualified to pass critical judgements, especially in one of the the fine arts.
blatant
adj. noisy in a coarse, offensive way; obvious or conspicuous, especially in an unfavorable sense.
disconsolate
adj. deeply unhappy or dejected; without hope, beyond consolation.
buttress
v. to support, prop up, stregthen;
n. a supporting structure.
aver
v. to affirm, declare confidently
carousal
n. noisy revelry or merrymaking (often with a suggestion of heavy drinking).
broach
v. to bring up or being to talk about (a subject); to announce; to pierce (a keg or cask) in order to draw of liquid.
nonplussed
adj, part. puzzled, not knowing what to do, at a loss.
prolific
adj. abundantly productive
opportune
adj. suitable or convenient for a particualar purpose; occurring at an appropriate time.
incontrovertible
adj. unquestionable, beyond dispute.
grisly
adj. frightful, horrible, ghastly.
rejoinder
n. a reply to a reply, especially from the defendent in a legal suit.
predilection
n. a liking preference
magniloquent
adj. expressed in lofty or high-flown language 9often int he sense of being pompous or over elaborate).
inauspicious
adj. unfavorable, unlucky, suggesting bad luck for the future.
impassive
adj. showing no feeling or emotion.
herculean
adj. characterized by great strength; very hard to do in the sense of requiring unusual strength.
jejune
adj. lakcing in nutritive value; lacking in interest or substance.
credulous
adj. too ready to believe, easily decieved.
infirmity
n. a weakness or ailment (physical, mental, moral, etc.)
berate
v. to scold sharply
expatiate
v. to expand on, wirte or talk at length or in detail; to move about freely.
deplete
v. to use up as a result of spending or consumtion; to diminish greatly.
extraneous
adj. coming from the outside, foreign; present but not essential, irrelevant.
inception
n. the beginning, start, earliest stage of some process, institution, etc.
criterion
n. a rule, test; a standeard for judgement or evaluation.
amenable
adj. willing to follow advice or authority, tractable, submissive; responsive.
carnage
n. large-scale slaughter or loss of life.
turtuous
adj. winding, twisted, crooked; highly involved, complex.
sententious
adj. self-righteous, characterized by moralizing; given to use of maxims or adages; saying much in few words. pithy.
obdurate
adj. stubborn, unyielding.
potpourri
n. a collection of diverse or miscellaneious itmes; a general mixture.
precocious
adj. showing unusually early development (especially in talents or mental capacity)
providential
adj. happneing as though through divine intervention; characterized by good fortune.
ostensible
adj. apparent, appearing to be true or actual 9with the suggestion that the truth lies elsewhere).
surfeit
n. an excess or overindulgence, as in eating or drinking.
v. to feed or supply with anything to excess.
sadistic
adj. delighting in cruelty, excessively cruel.
turgid
adj. swollen, boated, filled to excess; overdecorated or excessive in language.
supplicate
v. to beg earnestly and humbly.