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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
homophones
Words that sound alike but have different meanings and different spellings are called homophones. (p. 174)
Example: to/two/too, bear/bare, tow/toe, threw/through
adjective
A word that describes a noun is an adjective. (p. 332) Example: red, twenty, smelly, sweet
fiction book
A fiction book is a storybook that is not true. Example: The Mystery of the Seven Houses is fiction.
atlas
An atlas is a book of maps. (p. 302)
friendly letter
A friendly letter has five parts: the heading, greeting, body, closing, and signature. (p. 90)
biography
A biography is one kind of nonfiction book. Biographies tell true stories about the lives of real people. (p. 302)
helping verb
A helping verb works with the main verb. A helping verb helps show action in the past time. (p. 278)
Example: Susie had heard about the bad weather on the radio.
antonyms
Antonyms are words that have opposite meanings. (p.18, 392) Examples: hot/cold, up/down, in/out
initial
An initial is the first letter of a name. It is written with a capital letter and is followed by a period. (p. 118)
Example: Jason Q. Jones, C. Smith
article
The words a, an, and the are a special kind of adjective called an article. (p. 340)
abbreviation
An abbreviation is a shortened form of a word. (p. 118) Example: St. - street, Rd. - road, Mr. - mister
character
A character is a person or an animal in a story. (p. 34)
common noun
A common noun names any person, place, or thing. (p. 116) Examples: girl, boy, street, city
command
A command is a sentence that give an order. It ends with a period. (p. 10) Example: Sally, go to your room.
compound
A new word that is formed from two smaller words is called a compound. (p. 72) Examples: butterfly, baseball, hairnet, playpen
adverb
A word that describes a verb is an adverb. (p. 286) Example: quickly, slowly, thoughtfully
apostrophe
An apostrophe (') shows where a letter or letters have been left out of contractions (can't, don't, won't). An apostrophe is also used when forming possessive nouns (Jane's, Sally's, Ricky's, Bob's). (p. 284, 390)
comparison
A comparison tells how one thing is like another. (p.402) Example: Clouds are like cotton balls in the sky. This sentence compares the clouds and cotton balls. They are similar in that they are both fluffy and white.
exclamation
An exclamation is a sentence that shows strong feeling. It ends with an exclamation mark (!). (p. 10)
Example: Mark, look out!
dictionary
A dictionary is a book of words. It gives their spellings and meanings. (p. 302)
fact
A fact is true information about something. (p. 186)
Example: The leaf is green.
encyclopedia
An encyclopedia is a set of books that have information on many subjects. Entries in an encyclopedia are arranged in alphabetical order. (p. 10)
context clue
A clue that hepls a reader understand a new word is a context clue. (p. 124)
couplet
A couplet is two lines that rhyme, one after the other. (p. 139) Example: See the snow.
It has covered the fire's glow.
Snow and glow rhyme.
contraction
A contraction is a shortened form of two words with an apostrophe taking place of the missing letter or letters. (p. 284, 390) Examples: can't, don't, won't, wouldn't