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82 Cards in this Set

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Ancillary
Function: adjective
1 : SUBORDINATE, SUBSIDIARY <the main factory and its ancillary plants>
2 : AUXILIARY, SUPPLEMENTARY <the need for ancillary evidence>
- ancillary noun
Antipodal
: adjective
1 : of or relating to the antipodes; specifically : situated at the opposite side of the earth or moon <an antipodal meridian> <an antipodal continent>
2 : diametrically opposite <an antipodal point on a sphere>
3 : entirely opposed <a system antipodal to democracy>
Apocryphal
adjective
1 : of doubtful authenticity : SPURIOUS
2 often capitalized : of or resembling the Apocrypha
synonym see FICTITIOUS
- apoc•ry•phal•ly /-f&-lE/ adverb
- apoc•ry•phal•ness noun
Spurious
adjective
1 : of illegitimate birth : BASTARD
2 : outwardly similar or corresponding to something without having its genuine qualities : FALSE <the spurious eminence of the pop celebrity>
3 a : of falsified or erroneously attributed origin : FORGED b : of a deceitful nature or quality <spurious excuses>
- spu•ri•ous•ly adverb
- spu•ri•ous•ness noun
Apposite
adjective
: highly pertinent or appropriate : APT <apposite remarks>
synonym see RELEVANT
- ap•po•site•ly adverb
- ap•po•site•ness noun
Axiom
noun
1 : a maxim widely accepted on its intrinsic merit
2 : a statement accepted as true as the basis for argument or inference : POSTULATE 1
3 : an established rule or principle or a self-evident truth
Cogent
adjective
1 : having power to compel or constrain <cogent forces>
2 a : appealing forcibly to the mind or reason : CONVINCING <cogent evidence> b : PERTINENT, RELEVANT <a cogent analysis>
synonym see VALID
- co•gent•ly adverb
Contention
1 : an act or instance of contending
2 : a point advanced or maintained in a debate or argument
3 : RIVALRY, COMPETITION
synonym see DISCORD
Crux
noun
1 : a puzzling or difficult problem : an unsolved question
2 : an essential point requiring resolution or resolving an outcome <the crux of the problem>
3 : a main or central feature (as of an argument)
Delineate
transitive verb
1 a : to indicate or represent by drawn or painted lines b : to mark the outline of <lights delineating the narrow streets>
2 : to describe, portray, or set forth with accuracy or in detail <delineate a character in the story> <delineate the steps to be taken by the government>
Disparate
adjective
1 : containing or made up of fundamentally different and often incongruous elements
2 : markedly distinct in quality or character
synonym see DIFFERENT
- dis•pa•rate•ly adverb
- dis•pa•rate•ness noun
Esoteric
adjective
1 a : designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone <a body of esoteric legal doctrine -- B. N. Cardozo> b : requiring or exhibiting knowledge that is restricted to a small group <esoteric terminology> <esoteric strategies>; broadly : difficult to understand <esoteric subjects>
2 a : limited to a small circle <engaging in esoteric pursuits> b : PRIVATE, CONFIDENTIAL <an esoteric purpose>
3 : of special, rare, or unusual interest <esoteric building materials>
Euphemism
noun
: the substitution of an agreeable or inoffensive expression for one that may offend or suggest something unpleasant; also : the expression so substituted
Exigency
noun
1 : that which is required in a particular situation -- usually used in plural <exceptionally quick in responding to the exigencies of modern warfare -- D. B. Ottaway>
2 a : the quality or state of being exigent b : a state of affairs that makes urgent demands <a leader must act in any sudden exigency>
synonym see JUNCTURE
Expedient
adjective
1 : suitable for achieving a particular end in a given circumstance
2 : characterized by concern with what is opportune; especially : governed by self-interest
- ex•pe•di•ent•ly adverb
synonyms EXPEDIENT, POLITIC, ADVISABLE mean dictated by practical or prudent motives. EXPEDIENT usually implies what is immediately advantageous without regard for ethics or consistent principles <a politically expedient decision
Explicate
transitive verb
1 : to give a detailed explanation of
2 : to develop the implications of : analyze logically
synonym see EXPLAIN
- ex•pli•ca•tion
- ex•pli•ca•tor /
Facet
noun
1 : a small plane surface (as on a cut gem) -- see BRILLIANT illustration
2 : any of the definable aspects that make up a subject (as of contemplation) or an object (as of consideration)
Germane
adjective
1 obsolete : closely akin
2 : being at once relevant and appropriate : FITTING <omit details that are not germane to the discussion>
synonym see RELEVANT
- ger•mane•ly adverb
Gestalt
: a structure, configuration, or pattern of physical, biological, or psychological phenomena so integrated as to constitute a functional unit with properties not derivable by summation of its parts
gestalt - a configuration or pattern of elements so unified as a whole that it cannot be described merely as a sum of its parts
Hyperbole
noun
: extravagant exaggeration (as "mile-high ice-cream cones")
Inexorable
: adjective
: not to be persuaded, moved, or stopped : RELENTLESS <inexorable progress>
Ipso facto
adverb
Etymology: New Latin, literally, by the fact itself
: by that very fact or act : as an inevitable result
Juxtapose
transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): -posed; -pos•ing
Etymology: probably back-formation from juxtaposition
: to place side by side <juxtapose unexpected combinations of colors, shapes and ideas -- J. F. T. Bugental
Non sequitur
Latin, it does not follow
1 : an inference that does not follow from the premises; specifically : a fallacy resulting from a simple conversion of a universal affirmative proposition or from the transposition of a condition and its consequent
2 : a statement (as a response) that does not follow logically from or is not clearly related to anything previously said
Obfuscate
verb
Inflected Form(s): -cat•ed; -cat•ing
transitive verb
1 a : DARKEN b : to make obscure <obfuscate the issue>
2 : CONFUSE <obfuscate the reader>
intransitive verb : to be evasive, unclear, or confusing
- ob•fus•ca•tion /"äb-(")f&s-'kA-sh&n/ noun
- ob•fus•ca•to•ry /äb-'f&s-k&-"tor-E, &b-/ adjective
Ostensible
adjective
1 : intended for display : open to view
2 : being such in appearance : plausible rather than demonstrably true or real <the ostensible purpose for the trip>
synonym see APPARENT
Parochial
adjective
1 : of or relating to a church parish
2 : of or relating to a parish as a unit of local government
3 : confined or restricted as if within the borders of a parish : limited in range or scope (as to a narrow area or region) : PROVINCIAL, NARROW
Partisan
noun
1 : a firm adherent to a party , faction, cause, or person; especially : one exhibiting blind, prejudiced, and unreasoning allegiance
2 a : a member of a body of detached light troops making forays and harassing an enemy b : a member of a guerrilla band operating within enemy lines
synonym see FOLLOWER
- partisan adjective
- par•ti•san•ly /-lE/ adverb
- par•ti•san•ship
Propound
transitive verb
: to offer for discussion or consideration
- pro•pound•er noun
Purported
transitive verb
1 : to have the often specious appearance of being, intending, or claiming (something implied or inferred) <a book that purports to be an objective analysis>; also : CLAIM <foreign novels which he purports to have translated -- Mary McCarthy>
2 : INTEND, PURPOSE
Sine qua non
noun
Inflected Form(s): plural sine qua nons also sine qui•bus non Etymology: Late Latin, without which not
: something absolutely indispensable or essential <reliability is a sine qua non for success>
Status quo
noun
Etymology: Latin, state in which
: the existing state of affairs <seeks to preserve the status quo>
Sui generis
adjective
Etymology: Latin, of its own kind
: constituting a class alone : UNIQUE, PECULIAR
Tacit
adjective
tacit - indicated by necessary connotation though not expressed directly; "gave silent consent"; "a tacit agreement"; "the understood provisos of a custody agreement"
1 : expressed or carried on without words or speech <the blush was a tacit answer -- Bram Stoker>
2 : implied or indicated (as by an act or by silence) but not actually expressed <tacit consent> <tacit admission of guilt>
- tac•it•ly adverb
- tac•it•ness noun Pronunciation: 'ta-s&t
Verisipunitive damages
noun plural
: damages awarded in excess of compensation to the plaintiff to punish a defendant for a serious wrong
punitive damages
: damages awarded in excess of compensation to the plaintiff to punish a defendant for a serious wrong
punitive damages
Function: noun plural
Date:
1865 : damages awarded in excess of compensation to the plaintiff to punish a defendant for a serious wrong
Militude
: noun
1 : the quality or state of being verisimilar
2 : something
- veri•si•mil•i•tu•di•nous
Versimilar
adjectiveverisimilar
Etymology: Latin verisimilis
1 : having the appearance of truth : PROBABLE
2 : depicting realism (as in art or literature)
- veri•sim•i•lar•ly adverb okay
Weltanschauung
noun
Inflected Form(s): plural weltanschauungs Usage: often capitalized
Etymology: German, from Welt world + Anschauung view
: a comprehensive conception or apprehension of the world especially from a specific standpoint
Zeitgeist
noun
Usage: often capitalized
Etymology: German, from Zeit + Geist spirit
: the general intellectual, moral, and cultural climate of an era
Biometrics
Function: noun plural but singular or plural in construction
1 : BIOMETRY
2 : the measurement and analysis of unique physical or behavioral characteristics (as fingerprint or voice patterns) especially as a means of verifying personal identity
libelous
adjective
: constituting or including a libel : DEFAMATORY <a libelous statement
libel
noun
1 a : a written statement in which a plaintiff in certain courts sets forth the cause of action or the relief sought b archaic : a handbill especially attacking or defaming someone
2 a : a written or oral defamatory statement or representation that conveys an unjustly unfavorable impression b (1) : a statement or representation published without just cause and tending to expose another to public contempt (2) : defamation of a person by written or representational means (3) : the publication of blasphemous, treasonable, seditious, or obscene writings or pictures (4) : the act, tort, or crime of publishing such a libel
strident
adjective
harsh noise
: characterized by harsh, insistent, and discordant sound <a strident voice>; also : commanding attention by a loud or obtrusive quality <strident slogans>
synonym see LOUD, VOCIFEROUS
- stri•dent•ly adverb
incite
transitive verb
Inflected Form(s): in•cit•ed; in•cit•ing
: to move to action : stir up : spur on : urge on
- in•cit•ant /-'sI-t&nt/ noun
- in•cite•ment /-'sIt-m&nt/ noun
- in•cit•er noun
synonyms INCITE INSTIGATE, ABET, FOMENT mean to spur to action. INCITE stresses a stirring up and urging on, and may or may not imply initiating <inciting a riot>. INSTIGATE definitely implies responsibility for initiating another's action and often connotes underhandedness or evil intention <instigated a conspiracy>. ABET implies both assisting and encouraging <aiding and abetting the enemy>. FOMENT implies persistence in goading <fomenting rebellion>.
distaff
noun
Inflected Form(s): plural distaffs /-"tafs, -"tavz/
1 a : a staff for holding the flax, tow, or wool in spinning b : woman's work or domain
2 : the female branch or side of a family
ex. It's not just fifth-grade boys kissing their distaff classmates
ethnomethodology.
noun
: a branch of sociology dealing with nonspecialists' commonsense understanding of the structure and organization of society
pereunt et imputantur.
foreign term
Etymology: Latin
: they (the hours) pass away and are reckoned on (our) account
Prurient
marked by or arousing an immoderate or unwholesome interest or desire; especially : marked by, arousing, or appealing to sexual desire
- pru•ri•ent•ly adverb
misanthrope
noun
Etymology: Greek misanthrOpos hating humankind, from misein to hate + anthrOpos human being
: a person who hates or distrusts humankind
jeremiad
noun
: a prolonged lamentation or complaint; also : a cautionary or angry harangue
French jérémiade, from Jérémie Jeremiah, from Late Latin Jeremias
Date: 1780 : a prolonged lamentation or complaint; also : a cautionary or angry harangue
Luddite
noun
Etymology: perhaps from Ned Ludd, 18th century Leicestershire workman who destroyed a knitting frame Date: 1811 : one of a group of early 19th century English workmen destroying laborsaving machinery as a protest; broadly : one who is opposed to especially technological change
— Luddite adjective
punitive
adjective
Etymology:
French punitif, from Medieval Latin punitivus, from Latin punitus, past participle of punire
Date: 1624
: inflicting, involving, or aiming at punishment <severe punitive measures>
— pu•ni•tive•ly adverb
— pu•ni•tive•ness noun
exemplar
: noun
: one that serves as a model or example: as a: an ideal model b: a typical or standard specimen <an exemplar of medieval architecture> c: a copy of a book or writing d: IDEA 1a
panopticon
an area where everything is visible
area - a part of a structure having some specific characteristic or function; "the spacious cooking area provided plenty of room for servants"
saleroom, salesroom, showroom - an area where merchandise (such as cars) can be displayed; "in England a showroom is called a salesroom"
- a circular prison with cells distributed around a central surveillance station; proposed by Jeremy Bentham in 1791
prophylaxis
n. pl. pro•phy•lax•es Prevention of or protective treatment for disease
capitulate
intr.v. ca•pit•u•lat•ed, ca•pit•u•lat•ing, ca•pit•u•lates
1. To surrender under specified conditions; come to terms.
2. To give up all resistance; acquiesce. See Synonyms at yield.
sanguine
adj.
1.
a. Of the color of blood; red.
b. Of a healthy reddish color; ruddy: a sanguine complexion.
2. Archaic
a. Having blood as the dominant humor in terms of medieval physiology.
b. Having the temperament and ruddy complexion formerly thought to be characteristic of a person dominated by this humor; passionate.
3. Cheerfully confident; optimistic.
adjudicate
v. ad•ju•di•cat•ed, ad•ju•di•cat•ing, ad•ju•di•cates
v.tr.
1. To hear and settle (a case) by judicial procedure.
2. To study and settle (a dispute or conflict): The principal adjudicated our quarrel.
v.intr.
To act as a judge.
ad•ju di•ca tion n.
ad•ju di•ca tive adj.
ad•ju di•ca tor n.
Appellate
adj.
Having the power to hear court appeals and to review court decisions.
________________________________________
[Latin appell tus, past participle of appell re, to entreat; see appeal.]
jurisprudence
the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
ap·pel·lant
adj.
Of or relating to a court appeal; appellate.
n.
One who appeals a court decision.
[Middle English, from Old French apelant, from present participle of apeler, to appeal; see appeal.]
ap·pel·late
adj.
Having the power to hear court appeals and to review court decisions.
ap·pel·lee
n. Law
One against whom an appeal is taken.
normative -
normative - relating to or dealing with norms; "normative discipline"; "normative samples"
normative - giving directives or rules; "prescriptive grammar is concerned with norms of or rules for correct usage"
prescriptive
grammar - studies of the formation of basic linguistic units

normative - based on or prescribing a norm or standard; "normative grammar"
prescriptive
Seamy
adj. seam•i•er, seam•i•est
1. Sordid; base: "seamy tales of aberrant sexual practices, messy divorces, drug addiction, mental instability, and morally degraded; "a seedy district"; "the seamy side of life"; "sleazy characters hanging around casinos"; "sleazy storefronts with...dirt on the walls"- Seattle Weekly; "the sordid details of his orgies stank under his very nostrils"- James Joyce; "the squalid atmosphere of intrigue and betrayal"
sordid, squalid, seedy, sleazy
disreputable - lacking respectability in character or behavior or appearance
suicide attempts" Barbara Goldsmith.
2. Having, marked with, or showing a seam.
Riposte
n.
1. Sports A quick thrust given after parrying an opponent's lunge in fencing.
2. A retaliatory action, maneuver, or retort.
intr.v. ri•post•ed, ri•post•ing, ri•postes
1. To make a return thrust.
2. To retort quickly.
Noun 1. riposte - a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one); "it brought a sharp rejoinder from the teacher"
comeback, rejoinder, retort, replication, counter, return
back talk, backtalk, sass, sassing, lip, mouth - an impudent or insolent rejoinder; "don't give me any of your sass"
Rapprochement
n.
1. A reestablishing of cordial relations, as between two countries.
2. The state of reconciliation or of cordial relations.
redline
red•lined, red•lin•ing, red•lines
v.intr.
1. To refuse home mortgages or home insurance to areas or neighborhoods deemed poor financial risks.
2. To reach the maximum engine speed at which an engine is designed to be safely operated: The car redlined at 80 miles per hour in fourth gear.
3. Computer Science To mark or highlight edited text, as with a red line, to distinguish it from unedited portions of a document.
v.tr.
1. To discriminate against by refusing to grant loans, mortgages, or insurance to.
2. To remove from operational status because of mechanical defects or the need for scheduled maintenance: redlined three fighter aircraft.
3. Computer Science To mark (edited text) by redlining.
hermetic
adj.
1. Completely sealed, especially against the escape or entry of air.
2. Impervious to outside interference or influence: the hermetic confines of an isolated life.
3. often Hermetic
a. Mythology Of or relating to Hermes Trismegistus or the works ascribed to him.
b. Having to do with the occult sciences, especially alchemy; magical.
________________________________________
efficacy
(noun)
Power or capacity to produce a desired effect; effectiveness.
biometrics
- a branch of biology that studies biological phenomena and observations by means of statistical analysis
biometry
statistics - a branch of applied mathematics concerned with the collection and interpretation of quantitative data and the use of probability theory to estimate population parameters
panacea
(noun) hypothetical remedy for all ills or diseases; once sought by the alchemists
cure-all, nostrum
curative, cure, remedy - a medicine or therapy that cures disease or relieve pain
elixir - a substance believed to cure all ills
curtilage
the enclosed land around a house or other building; "it was a small house with almost no yard"
moribund
adj
1. Approaching death; about to die.
2. On the verge of becoming obsolete: moribund customs; a moribund way of life.
fiduciary
adj.
1.
a. Of or relating to a holding of something in trust for another: a fiduciary heir; a fiduciary contract.
b. Of or being a trustee or trusteeship.
c. Held in trust.
2. Of or consisting of fiat money.
3. Of, relating to, or being a system of marking in the field of view of an optical instrument that is used as a reference point or measuring scale.
n. pl. fi•du•ci•ar•ies
One, such as an agent of a principal or a company director, that stands in a special relation of trust, confidence, or responsibility in certain obligations to others.
fiat
n.
1. An arbitrary order or decree.
2. Authorization or sanction: government fiat.
a legally binding command or decision entered on the court record (as if issued by a court or judge); "a friend in New Mexico said that the order caused no trouble out there"
spurious
adj.
1. Lacking authenticity or validity in essence or origin; not genuine; false.
2. Of illegitimate birth.
3. Botany Similar in appearance but unlike in structure or function. Used of plant parts.
________________________________________
specious
adj.
1. Having the ring of truth or plausibility but actually fallacious: a specious argument.
2. Deceptively attractive.
Adj.1.specious - plausible but false; "a specious claim"; "spurious inferences"
spurious
false - not in accordance with the fact or reality or actuality; "gave false testimony under oath"; "false tales of bravery"
2.specious - based on pretense; deceptively pleasing; "the gilded and perfumed but inwardly rotten nobility"; "meretricious praise"; "a meretricious argument"
gilded, meretricious
insincere - lacking sincerity; "a charming but thoroughly insincere woman"; "their praise was extravagant and insincere"
expediency
expediencies
1. Appropriateness to the purpose at hand; fitness.
2. Adherence to self-serving means: an ambitious politician, guided by expediency rather than principle.
3. A means; an expedient.
4. Obsolete Speed; haste.
mer·e·tri·cious
adj.
1.
a. Attracting attention in a vulgar manner: meretricious ornamentation. See Synonyms at gaudy1.
b. Plausible but false or insincere; specious: a meretricious argument.
2. Of or relating to prostitutes or prostitution: meretricious relationships.
repose 1
(verb) put or confide something in a person or thing; "These philosophers reposed the law in the people"
put, assign - attribute or give; "She put too much emphasis on her the last statement"; "He put all his efforts into this job"; "The teacher put an interesting twist to the interpretation of the story"
2.repose - be inherent or innate in;
reside, rest
inhere in, attach to - be part of; "This problem inheres in the design"