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19 Cards in this Set

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Islam
a religion based on a belief in one god and the teaching of Muhammad
Muslim
Adherent of the religion founded by Prophet Mohammed in the year 610
Arab
someon with ancestry from the nations of the Middle East or North Africa where Arabic is the primary language.
Jihad
struggle; striving; holy war; any act of striving to please Allah
Crusades
series of several military campaigns - usually sanctioned by the Papacy - that took place during the 11th through 13th centuries.
Caliph
title given to the head of Islami state and defender of faith. first applied to Mohammed's successor Abu Behr 632 a.d.
Battle of Yarmuk
took place between the Muslim Arabs and the Byzantine Empire in 636. Marked the first great wave of Muslim conquests outside Arabia, and heralded the rapid advance of Islam into Christian Palestine, Syria & Mesopotamia.
Dar al-Islam
House of Islam: refers to those lands under Muslim governments
Dar al-Harb
the house of war; the home of the infidels
Infidels
unbelievers
Oklahoma City Bombing
Timothy McVeigh - alleged considered suicide bomber
Branch Dividians
a religious group originating from the Seventh-Day Adventist Church - they believed themselves to be living in a time when Christian prophecies of a final divine judgement were coming to pass
al Qaeda
international front for Jihad against the Jews and Crusaders
Hamas
a Palestinian Islamist organization - majority of the Palestinian Authority Legislative Council - calls for the destruction of the State of Israel
Israel
For over 3,000 years, Jews have regarded the Land of Israel as their homeland, both as a Holy Land and as a Promised Land
Iran
officially Persia until 1935
- after the second phase of the Iranian Revolution in 1979, the Ayatollah Khomeini helped transform Iran into a constitutional theocratic republic with democratic elements
Palestine Liberation Organization
a political and paramilitary organization regarded by Arab nations as teh "sole legitimate representative of the Palestinian people" - goal was the destruction of the State of Israel - founded by the Arab League
Taliban
a Sunni Islamist nationalist Movement which effectively ruled most of Afghanistan from 1996-2001; included junior Islamic religious scholars, seekers or students
Saudi Arabia
the land of the two holy mosques; Qur'an is the consititution of the country