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48 Cards in this Set

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Found in the brain and autonomic system. Genrally a stimulant, it is involved in emotions/moods and in regulating motor control and the executive functioning of the brain.

a. Endorphins
b. Histamine
c. Seotonin
d. Dopamine
d. Dopamine
A neurotransmitter that is considered a stimulant. Its released by the mast cells as part of the inflammatory process and can cause itching.

a. Endorphins
b. Histamine
c. Seotonin
d. Dopamine
b. Histamine
A neurotransmitter that works primarily as an inhibitor in the central nervous system and is sysnthesized into melatonin and affects our sleep and moods.

a. Endorphins
b. Histamine
c. Seotonin
d. Dopamine
c. Seotonin
Peptide hormones that mainly work like morphine to suppress pain. They influence mood, producing a mild euphoric feeling such as is seen in runners high.

a. Endorphins
b. Histamine
c. Seotonin
d. Dopamine
a. Endorphins
Inhibts the release of growth hormone and its a gut-brain peptide

a. Glutamate
b. Somatostatin
c. Cholecystokinin
d. Substance P
b. Somatostatin
Excitatory, found in the brain, spinal cord, sensory pain pathways, and gastrointestinal tract. Transmits pain information

a. Glutamate
b. Somatostatin
c. Cholecystokinin
d. Substance P
d. Substance P
another word for oil gland.

a. Sebacous
b. Sudoriferous
c. Eerin
d. Apocrine
a. Sebacous
Another word for Sweat Glands

a. Sebacous
b. Sudoriferous
c. Eccrine
d. Apocrine
b. Sudoriferous
A gland responsible for the moisture that appears on teh surface of the body when body temps rise. Help to cool the body

a. Apocrine
b. Hemoglobin
c. Ceruminous
d. Eccrine
d. Eccrine
Located in areas of body hair, discharge their secretions when a person is under stress. It is thicker and has a stronger odor than eccrine gland

a. Apocrine
b. Hemoglobin
c. Ceruminous
d. sudoriferous
a. Apocrine
Gland found in the external ear canal.


a. Apocrine
b. Hemoglobin
c. Ceruminous
d. sudoriferous
c. Ceruminous
Contains the nucleus and organelles

a. Cytoplasm
b. Ribosomes
c. Lysosomes
d. mitochondria
a. Cytoplasm
Found in cells where large amounts of proteins are made.


a. Rough Endoplasmic
b. Ribosomes
c. Lysosomes
d. smooth endoplasmic
a. Rough Endoplasmic
Involved in the metabolism of lipids.

a. Rough Endoplasmic
b. Ribosomes
c. Lysosomes
d. smooth endoplasmic
d. smooth endoplasmic
Process and package protein and some carbs for distribution to other parts of the cell.

a. Peroxisomes
b. Ribosomes
c. Golgi aparatus
d. smooth endoplasmic
c. Golgi aparatus
contains enzymes that function as the digestive system of the cell.

a. Cytoplasm
b. Lysosomes
c. mitochondria
d. nucleus
b. Lysosomes
Small finger like projections of the cell membrane that serve to increase the surface area.

a. Microvilli
b. Lysosomes
c. mitochondria
d. endocytosis
a. Microvilli
contains the chromosomes - threads of DNA. Controls the daily activities of the cell and all cellular reproduction

a. Microvilli
b. Lysosomes
c. mitochondria
d. nucleus
d. nucleus
Contains RNA structures that form ribosomes.

a. Microvilli
b. Nucleolus
c. mitochondria
d. nucleus
b. Nucleolus
Help to detoxify substances such as alcohol and hydrogen peroxide in the cell.

a. Peroxisomes
b. Nucleolus
c. mitochondria
d. nucleus
a. Peroxisomes
Often the most numerous of the organelles. Where amino acids are combined to create various proteins

a. Peroxisomes
b. Nucleolus
c. ribosomes
d. nucleus
c. ribosomes
Covers and protects the surface of the body and its parts.

a. Epithelial Tissue
b. Mucous membrane
c. Cutaneous membrance
d. serous membrane
a. Epithelial Tissue
Covers the surface of the body, which is exposed to the external environment


a. Epithelial Tissue
b. Mucous membrane
c. Cutaneous membrance
d. serous membrane
c. Cutaneous membrance
LInes the body cavity not open to the external environment and covers many of the organs.

a. Epithelial Tissue
b. Mucous membrane
c. Cutaneous membrance
d. serous membrane
d. serous membrane
Found on the surface of tubes that open directly to the exterior, such as those lining the respiratory, digestive, urinary, and reproductive tracts.


a. Epithelial Tissue
b. Mucous membrane
c. Cutaneous membrance
d. serous membrane
b. Mucous membrane
Delicate fibers found in networks that support small structures such as capillaries, nerve fibers, and basement memebrane.

a. Collagenous fibers
b. Reticular Fibers
c. Elastic Fibers
d. Collagen
b. Reticular Fibers
Large, cross-straited cells connected to the skeleton. controlled by the nervous system, and their actions are voluntary

a. nervous tissue
b. smooth muscle fibers
c. cardiac muscle fibers
d. skeletal muscle fibers
d. skeletal muscle fibers
Found in the heart, are smaller, straited fibers.

a. nervous tissue
b. smooth muscle fibers
c. cardiac muscle fibers
d. skeletal muscle fibers
c. cardiac muscle fibers
Neither striated nor voluntary. Found in the organs and viscera, they help regulate blood flow through cardiovascular system.

a. nervous tissue
b. smooth muscle fibers
c. cardiac muscle fibers
d. skeletal muscle fibers
b. smooth muscle fibers
The function of this tissue is to coordinate and regulate body activity.

a. nervous tissue
b. smooth muscle fibers
c. cardiac muscle fibers
d. skeletal muscle fibers
a. nervous tissue
What are the Ayurvedic elements?

a. ether, air, fire, water, earth
b. wood, air, fire, water, earth
c. ether, space, fire, water, earth
d. fire, earth, metal, water, wood.
a. ether, air, fire, water, earth
formed from ether and air. Principle of movement

a. Vata
b. Pitta
c. Kapha
a. Vata
Combination of fire and water. Represents transporation

a. Vata
b. Pitta
c. Kapha
b. Pitta
blens the water and earth. Holds our cells togetehr and builds our muscles.

a. Vata
b. Pitta
c. Kapha
c. Kapha
Rhythm that works on a 24 hour period.

a. Circadian rhythm
b. Ultradian rhythm
c. Seasonal rhythm
a. Circadian rhythm
Repeats every 90 mins to every few hours.

a. Circadian rhythm
b. Ultradian rhythm
c. Seasonal rhythm
b. Ultradian rhythm
annual Functions

a. Circadian rhythm
b. Ultradian rhythm
c. Seasonal rhythm
c. Seasonal rhythm
Fasicles aer long and oriented parallel with the longitudinal axis of the muscle.

a. Parallel
b. Convergent
c. Circular
d. Pennate
a. Parallel
the fascile pattern begins with a broad origin and converges t oblens with a much smaller tendon.

a. Parallel
b. Convergent
c. Circular
d. Pennate
b. Convergent
the fasciles are short, lie at an angle to the muscle, and attach to one or more tendons running the length of the muscles.


a. Parallel
b. Convergent
c. Circular
d. Pennate
d. Pennate
The fascicles are arranged in concentric rings around external body openings.

a. Parallel
b. Convergent
c. Circular
d. Pennate
c. Circular
A muscle using concentric contractions that are the main force in causing a joint motion through a specified plain of motion.

a. agonist
b. antagonist
c. Fixator
d. Neutralizer
a. agonist
A muscle that has the opposite action to the mover and usually located on the opposite side of the joint and eccentrically contracts and lengthens

a. agonist
b. antagonist
c. Fixator
d. Neutralizer
b. antagonist
A muscle that surrounds the joint or body segment and isometrically contracts to support or stabilize one attachment of the mover to work effectively.


a. agonist
b. antagonist
c. Fixator
d. Neutralizer
c. Fixator
A muscle that stops an unwanted action of the mover at the attachemtn of the mover that is moving.

a. Support muscle
b. Neutralizer
c. Synergist
d. Antagonist
b. Neutralizer
A support muscle acts as a joint other than where the action in question is occuring to hold a body part in postion while the action in question is occuring.

a. fixator
b. Neutralizer
c. synergist
d. Support muscle
d. Support muscle
Defined as a helper mover of the action that is occurring or more broadly defined as any muscle that helps an action occur

a. fixator
b. Neutralizer
c. synergist
d. Support muscle
c. synergist
Two primary movers that are involved in abduction of the glenhohumeral joint

a. middle deltoid and supraspinatus
b. anterior deltoid and infraspinatus
c. posterior deltoid and teres minor
d. pec major and the clavicle
a. middle deltoid and supraspinatus