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14 Cards in this Set

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Changes in:
Melody
Harmony
Tonality
Intricate, complex, fragmented.
More dissonant and chromatic.
More indistinct-atonal.
Impressionism
best-known modernist movement; a French artistic movement of the late 19th and early 20th centuries; realists
Expressionism
an early 20th century movement in art, music, and literature in Germany and Austria; sought to express the most extreme feelings by divorcing art from everyday literalness
Twelve-tone
System: method of composition devised by Schoenberg where the 12 pitches of an octave are ordered and strictly manipulated.
Series: ordering of all 12 notes of chromatic scale, used in serial music
Serialism
technique of composing with a series, generally twelve-tone
Atonality
absence of any feeling of tonality
Sprechstimme
a vocal style developed by Schoenberg, in between singing and speaking
Claude Debussy
refers back to Romanticism, but tone colors avoid sonorities, themes and motives are fragmentary, harmonies are vague, and tonality is clouded. Impressionist
Three Nocturnes
Igor Stravinsky
babaric, abstract, dissonant, irregular rhythms, "new language"
3 Ballets
Arnold Schoenberg
Invented sprechstimme, most significant composer of 20th century.
Expressionist
Second Vinnese School
Schoenber, Anton Webern, Alban Berg
Charles Ives
American nationalist composer, 3 independent levels of music, consonant harmony, untraditional polyphony.
Modernist
Maurice Ravel
between impressionism and Neoclassicism, clarity, precision, use of classical forms
Aaron Copland
Nationalist, ballets, cowboy songs, jazz, and opera.