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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Social welfare
A system of programs, benefits, and services that help people meet the social, economic, educational, and health needs that are fundamental to the maintenance of society
Social work
The professional activity of helping individuals, groups, or communities enhance or restore their capacity for social functioning; the creation of societal conditions favorable to this goal
A way of categorizing people by virtue of their skin color, facial features, hair texture, and genetic markers
A shared national origin or ancestry and shared cultural characteristics
Patterns of human knowledge, belief, and behavior that are transmitted to succeeding generations; the customary beliefs, social forms, and material characteristics of a group
Sexual orientation
A way of categorizing people by virtue of their feelings of physical attraction to members of a certain sex
An attribute for which someone is considered bad, unworthy, or deeply discredited
A standardized mental picture that is held in common by members of a group and that represents an oversimplified opinion, prejudiced attitude, or assumption
Denying rights, access, or opportunity to others based on their perceived group membership. When discrimination becomes prevalent within communities and organizations, it becomes institutionalized
Using the values of one’s own culture as a framework for judging others or other cultures
Systems theory
The theory that organisms and organizations are composed of interrelating elements. As those elements interact, they form an entity that is greater than the sum of its parts
Ecosystems perspective
A social work approach that focuses on how people interact and cope with micro, mezzo, and macro systems in their social and physical environment
Target system
The system (or element of a system) that should be changed or influenced in order to achieve one’s goals
Client system
the individual, family, organization, or community that will benefit from social work intervention
Strengths perspective
Focus on a person’s perceived strengths and talents, rather than perceived weaknesses or disabilities
Residual view of social welfare
The belief that people are ultimately responsible for meeting their own needs, and social welfare services or benefits should only be provided as a last resort
Institutional view of social welfare
The belief that one of the functions of society is to provide social welfare benefits and services, and all members of society are entitled to those benefits and services
Developmental view of social welfare
The belief that social welfare programs and services should be evaluated on the basis of their overall or long-term impact on the economy
The right of an individual to make his or her own decisions
Critical thinking
the process of applying scrutiny, analysis, questioning, and logic to determine the truth or accuracy of a statement
To seek change or redress on behalf of an individual, group, or organization
Developing the capacity of people and organizations to understand their environment, increase their personal and socioeconomic power, and achieve greater equity and social justice
Micro practice
Social work targeted towards individuals and families
Mezzo practice
Social work targeted towards groups or organizations.
Macro practice
Social work targeted towards communities and governments
Economic justice
The distribution of resources in a fair and equitable manner
Social justice
The provision of equal rights, protection, opportunities, and obligations to all members of a society.
Medical model
An early social work approach that views a person’s problems as internal to that person. Under the medical model, the presenting problem can be diagnosed and a course of treatment can then be applied.
Poverty threshold
Measure developed by Mollie Orshansky in 1960 based on minimum food consumption standards for families of different types; official US standard for determining incidence of poverty nationwide
National Association of Social Workers (NASW)
The major professional association for social workers in the United States, established in 1917 as the National Social Workers’ Exchange. Currently, the NASW has over 140,000 members.