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126 Cards in this Set

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Versimilitude

Versimilar
the quality of being versimilar

1 : having the appearance of truth : PROBABLE
2 : depicting realism (as in art or literature)
- veri·sim·i·lar·ly adverb
diachronic
of, relating to, or dealing with phenomena (as of language or culture) as they occur or change over a period of time
agency
2 : the capacity, condition, or state of acting or of exerting power : OPERATION
endemic (adj.)
1 a : belonging or native to a particular people or country b : characteristic of or prevalent in a particular field, area, or environment <problems endemic to translation> <the self-indulgence endemic in the film industry>
2 : restricted or peculiar to a locality or region <endemic diseases> <an endemic species>
synonym see NATIVE
- en·dem·i·cal·ly /-'de-mi-k(&-)lE/ adverb
- en·de·mic·i·ty /"en-"de-'mi-s&-tE, -d&-'mi-/ noun
- en·de·mism /'en-d&-"mi-z&m/ noun
myopic

myopia
2 : a lack of foresight or discernment : a narrow view of something
subversive

(subvert)
1 : to overturn or overthrow from the foundation : RUIN
2 : to pervert or corrupt by an undermining of morals, allegiance, or faith
vilify
1 : to lower in estimation or importance
2 : to utter slanderous and abusive statements against : DEFAME
synonym see MALIGN
valorize

(I know this but should use it more)
1 : to enhance or try to enhance the price, value, or status of by organized and usually governmental action <using subsidies to valorize coffee>
2 : to assign value or merit to : VALIDATE
vitriolic:

(Vitriol)
-2 : something felt to resemble vitriol especially in caustic quality; especially : virulence of feeling or of speech
virulence
: the quality or state of being virulent : as a : extreme bitterness or malignity of temper : RANCOR b : MALIGNANCY, VENOMOUSNESS <ameliorate the virulence of a disease> c : the relative capacity of a pathogen to overcome body defenses
impudence = quality of being impudent

(impudent)
1 obsolete : lacking modesty
2 : marked by contemptuous or cocky boldness or disregard of others : INSOLENT
insolent
1 : insultingly contemptuous in speech or conduct : OVERBEARING
2 : exhibiting boldness or effrontery : IMPUDENT
synonym see PROUD
su·per·cil·ious
superciliosus, from supercilium eyebrow, haughtiness, from super- + -cilium eyelid (akin to celare to hide) -- more at HELL
: coolly and patronizingly haughty <reacted to their breach of etiquette with a supercilious smile>
synonym see PROUD
- su·per·cil·ious·ly adverb
- su·per·cil·ious·ness noun
ebullience
the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts or feelings : EXUBERANCE
gentrification:
the process of renewal and rebuilding accompanying the influx of middle-class or affluent people into deteriorating areas that often displaces earlier usually poorer residents
desultory
1 : marked by lack of definite plan, regularity, or purpose <a dragged-out ordeal of...desultory shopping -- Herman Wouk>
2 : not connected with the main subject
3 : disappointing in progress, performance, or quality <a desultory fifth place finish> <a desultory wine>
respective
1 obsolete : PARTIAL, DISCRIMINATIVE
2 : PARTICULAR, SEPARATE <their respective homes>
- re·spec·tive·ness noun
reproof
(know. just use more often)
: criticism for a fault : REBUKE
stultifying
1 archaic : to allege or prove to be of unsound mind and hence not responsible
2 : to cause to appear or be stupid, foolish, or absurdly illogical
3 a : to impair, invalidate, or make ineffective : NEGATE b : to have a dulling or inhibiting effect on
- stul·ti·fi·ca·tion /"st&l-t&-f&-'kA-sh&n/ noun
blase
1 : apathetic to pleasure or excitement as a result of excessive indulgence or enjoyment : WORLD-WEARY
2 : SOPHISTICATED, WORLDLY-WISE
3 : UNCONCERNED
semaphore
1 : an apparatus for visual signaling (as by the position of one or more movable arms)
2 : a system of visual signaling by two flags held one in each hand
[semaphore illustration]
lissome
1 a : easily flexed b : LITHE 2
2 : NIMBLE
- lis·some·ly adverb
- lis·some·ness noun
exegesis
: EXPOSITION, EXPLANATION; especially : an explanation or critical interpretation of a text
wry
1 : having a bent or twisted shape or condition <a wry smile>; also : turned abnormally to one side <a wry neck>
2 : WRONGHEADED 1
3 : cleverly and often ironically or grimly humorous
subversive
1 : the act of subverting : the state of being subverted; especially : a systematic attempt to overthrow or undermine a government or political system by persons working secretly from within
2 obsolete : a cause of overthrow or destruction
sardonic
: disdainfully or skeptically humorous : derisively mocking <a sardonic comment>
synonym see SARCASTIC
derisive
: expressing or causing derision <derisive laughter>
derision
1 a : the use of ridicule or scorn to show contempt b : a state of being derided
2 : an object of ridicule or scorn
snide
1 a : FALSE, COUNTERFEIT b : practicing deception : DISHONEST <a snide merchant>
2 : unworthy of esteem : LOW <a snide trick>
3 : slyly disparaging : INSINUATING <snide remarks>
inane
1 : EMPTY, INSUBSTANTIAL
2 : lacking significance, meaning, or point : SILLY <inane comments>
sentience


example: sentient beings
-1 : a sentient quality or state
2 : feeling or sensation as distinguished from perception and thought

-sentient:1 : responsive to or conscious of sense impressions <sentient beings>
2 : AWARE
3 : finely sensitive in perception or feeling
obfuscate
verb
to confuse or perplex; bewilder

to darken or obscure
posterity

(know this one but throw it into thesis section on legacy)
1) future generations taken collectively
2) all of one's descendants
replete
adj. 1) full or supplied to the uttmost
2) gorged with food or drink; sated
permutitions
variations
relegate

(know just use more)
verb
1) to send off or consign, as to an obscure position or place
2) to assign, as to a particular class or sphere
3) to refer (a matter) to someone for a decision
4) to banish; exile
supposition


(good to use in argumentative papers)
noun
1) the act of supposing
2) that which is supposed
ilk
noun
1) breed; sort; class;

example "Brad Pitt and others of his ilk don't need reservations at the restaurant"
boon
noun
1) a good thing bestowed; blessing
2) (archaic) a request

adj
1) convivial; merry: now only in the phrase boon companion
convivial
: relating to, occupied with, or fond of feasting, drinking, and good company <a convivial host> <a convivial gathering>
deference
noun
1) submission or yielding to the will, opinions, etc. of another
2) respectful regard
haltingly

(2nd definition is interesting)
2nd definition
verb
a) to be imperfect or defective in some way
b) to be in doubt; waver
vaccilate

(just a good word)
waver
pontificate
verb
1) to act or speak pompously or dogmatically
2) to perform the office of a pontiff
constituents(the less known adjective form)
10 serving to form or compose; constituting 2) entitled to elect a representative


standard noun form of "constituents" 1) one represented politicaly or in a business; a voter or client
2) a necessary part or element
tenuous
adj 1) thin; slim; delicate; also weak flimsy ; unsubstantial
2) having slight density; rare
dunner
1) verb
to press (a debtor) for payments; importune; pester

noun: a repeated demand for payment
importune
verb: 1 a : to press or urge with troublesome persistence b archaic : to request or beg for urgently
2 : ANNOY, TROUBLE
intransitive verb : to beg, urge, or solicit persistently or troublesomely


weird... for the adj. definition they reference opportune- the definition of which is as follows: 1 : suitable or convenient for a particular occurrence <an opportune moment>
2 : occurring at an appropriate time <an opportune offer of assistance>
verity
noun
1) the quality of being correct or true
2) a true or established statement, principle etc, a fact, truth
imbibe
1) to drink 2) to suck up, absorb 3) to take in mentally: to imbibe learning 4) drink
parlay
verb:
to place (an original bet and its winnings) on a later race, contest, etc-

noun form: such a bet
procure
verb
1) to obtain by some effect or means, acquire 2) to bring about, cause

3) to obtain (women) for the gratification of the lust of others
riders (lesser known noun form)
a seperate piece of writing or print added to a document, record or the like

an addition or proposed addition to a legislative bill
prudent
adj
1) cautious, worldly wise
2) exercising judgment
3) not extravagant
4) decorously discreet
decorous
-- more at DECENT
: marked by propriety and good taste : CORRECT <decorous conduct>
propriety
1 obsolete : true nature
2 obsolete : a special characteristic : PECULIARITY
3 : the quality or state of being proper : APPROPRIATENESS
4 a : conformity to what is socially acceptable in conduct or speech b : fear of offending against conventional rules of behavior especially between the sexes c plural : the customs and manners of polite society
palatable
adj
1) agreeable to the tadte or palate, savory
2) acceptable
sidle
verb
1) to move sideways esp. in a cautious or stealthy manner

noun: a sideways movement
haughty
adj.
1) exhibiting great disdain for others, supercilious
supercilious
: coolly and patronizingly haughty <reacted to their breach of etiquette with a supercilious smile>
mellifluous
adj. sweetly or smoothly flowing

ex: mellifluous speech
interminable
adj. having no apparent end or limit; continuiing for a very long time; endless
innocuous
adj. having no harmful qualities or effects; harmless


-- think the opposite of noxious--
retroactively
adj.
taking effect at a (usually specified) time prior to its enactment, ratification, etc., as a provision in a law or contract; applying retrospectively
expound
verb
1) to set forth in detail; state; declare
2) to explain the meaning of; interpret
blight
noun
1) any number of destructive plant diseases, as mildew, rust, smut
2) anything causing such a disease

3) *** anything that withers hopes, destroys prospects or impairs growth ***

4) the state of being blighted

to cause to decay; blast
to ruin, frustrate
coup
a sudden telling blow; a masterstroke, brilliant stratagem
mirth
noun
spirited gaiety; social merriment
invariably
the meaning of this word is obvious but I think I should throw it into essays in which I make a case for a character or portrayal is consistent.
illicit
: not permitted : UNLAWFUL
mercurial
1 : of, relating to, or born under the planet Mercury
2 : having qualities of eloquence, ingenuity, or thievishness attributed to the god Mercury or to the influence of the planet Mercury
3 : characterized by rapid and unpredictable changeableness of mood <a mercurial temper>
4 : of, relating to, containing, or caused by mercury
eminent
1 : standing out so as to be readily perceived or noted : CONSPICUOUS
2 : jutting out : PROJECTING
3 : exhibiting eminence especially in standing above others in some quality or position : PROMINENT
synonym see FAMOUS
imminent
: ready to take place; especially : hanging threateningly over one's head <was in imminent danger of being run over>
impending
1 a : to hover threateningly : MENACE b : to be about to occur <the impending Senate hearings>
2 archaic : to hang suspended
sedate

(good character descriptor)
adj
1) characterize by habitual composure; unhurried; calm 2) sober and decorous
haggard
1 of a hawk : not tamed
2 a : wild in appearance b : having a worn or emaciated appearance : GAUNT <haggard faces looked up sadly from out of the straw -- W. M. Thackeray>
hegemony
1 : preponderant influence or authority over others : DOMINATION <battled for hegemony in Asia>
2 : the social, cultural, ideological, or economic influence exerted by a dominant group <extend their own hegemony over American culture as a whole -- Mary K. Cayton>
preponderant
1 : having superior weight, force, or influence
2 : having greater prevalence
pensive

* didn't know so much about definition 2, i just thought it meant to ponder
1 : musingly or dreamily thoughtful
2 : suggestive of sad thoughtfulness
roughshod
adj
1) shod with rough shoes to prevent slipping as a horse

2) to act overbearingly; domineer without consideration
shod
1 a : wearing footgear (as shoes) b : equipped with tires
2 : furnished or equipped with a shoe
advantageous
adj
affording advantage; profitable; favorable, beneficial
placate
appease
allay
1 : to subdue or reduce in intensity or severity : ALLEVIATE <expect a breeze to allay the heat>
2 : to make quiet : CALM <trying to allay their fears>
intransitive verb, obsolete : to diminish in strength : SUBSIDE
caustic

(good character descriptor)
1) capable of coroding or eating away tissues, burning, corrosive
2) sarcastic, biting: caustic wit
loathe (to)
adj
strongly disinclined; reluctant; unwilling
languid

(langourous)
languid: adj
1) indispoed toward physical exertion; affected by weakness or fatigue
2) feeling little interest in or inclination toward anything, listless
indisposed
1 a : to make unfit : DISQUALIFY b : to make averse : DISINCLINE
2 archaic : to cause to be in poor physical health
listless

(nice, forgot about this word)
: characterized by lack of interest, energy, or spirit <a listless melancholy attitude>
synonym see LANGUID
languor
1 : weakness or weariness of body or mind
2 : listless indolence or inertia
indolent
lazy


1 a : causing little or no pain b : slow to develop or heal <indolent tumors> <indolent ulcers>
2 a : averse to activity, effort, or movement : habitually lazy b : conducive to or encouraging laziness <indolent heat> c : exhibiting indolence <an indolent sigh>
berserk
adj
violently or frenetically destructive
awol
: ABSENT WITHOUT LEAVE; broadly : absent often without notice or permission <the place looked as if its caretaker had been AWOL for some time -- Daniel Ford>
frenetically
: FRENZIED, FRANTIC
canny

perhaps use to describe Juliet
adj
1) cautiously shrewd
2) frugal, thrifty
3)skillful
contrived
1) to plan, scheme or plot
2) to improvise

etc
acquiescence

use when talking about Ophelia
1) quiet submission, passive consent
assent

v. consent
concur with what has been proposed. ASSENT implies an act involving the understanding or judgment and applies to propositions or opinions <voters assented to the proposal>. CONSENT involves the will or feelings and indicates compliance with what is requested or desired <consented to their daughter's going>. ACCEDE implies a yielding, often under pressure, of assent or consent <officials acceded to the prisoners' demands>. ACQUIESCE implies tacit acceptance or forbearance of opposition <acquiesced to his boss's wishes>. AGREE sometimes implies previous difference of opinion or attempts at persuasion <finally agreed to come along>. SUBSCRIBE implies not only consent or assent but hearty approval and active support <subscribes wholeheartedly to the idea>.
contrite
adj
1) deeply and humbly sorry for one's sins, penitent
2) resulting from remorse
effacing
verb
1) to rub out, as written characters, erase
2) to obliterate, as a memory
3) to make (oneself) insignificat
couch

lesser known verb form
1) to phrase; put into words
2) to cause to recline as on a bed
3) to bend or bring down, as a spear for attack
4) to lie down, recline
5) to lie in ambush
asunder
adverb
1) apart, into pieces
2) in or into a different place or direction

adj
seperate; apart
clandestine
adj secretive
1) kept secret for a purpose, usually for something evil or illicit; surreptitious, furtive

synonym: stealthy
laconic


* peltier would like this word although its a bit too fancy
adj

brief and concise in expression
colloquial
fancy way of saying "conversational"

1 : of or relating to conversation : CONVERSATIONAL
2 a : used in or characteristic of familiar and informal conversation; also : unacceptably informal b : using conversational style
buoys (verb)
1) to keep form sinking in liquid, keep afloat
2) to sustain the courage or heart of; encourage
filch
verb
1) to steal slyling in small amounts; pilfer
pilfer
intransitive verb : STEAL; especially : to steal stealthily in small amounts and often again and again
transitive verb : STEAL; especially : to steal in small quantities
impart
1) to make known; disclose 2) to bestor a measure or quantity of: to impart happiness
cajole

(pronounce like it's spelled)

I know it just don't use it really
1 a : to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of reluctance : COAX <had to cajole them into going> b : to obtain from someone by gentle persuasion <cajoleed money from his parents>
2 : to deceive with soothing words or false promises
remit
1 a : to lay aside (a mood or disposition) partly or wholly b : to desist from (an activity) c : to let (as attention or diligence) slacken : RELAX
2 a : to release from the guilt or penalty of <remit sins> b : to refrain from exacting <remit a tax> c : to cancel or refrain from inflicting <remit the penalty> d : to give relief from (suffering)
3 : to submit or refer for consideration, judgment, decision, or action; specifically : REMAND
4 : to restore or consign to a former status or condition
5 : POSTPONE, DEFER
6 : to send (money) to a person or place especially in payment of a demand, account, or draft
intransitive verb
1 a : to abate in force or intensity : MODERATE b : to abate symptoms (as of a disease) for a period
2 : to send money (as in payment)
clerical
1 : of, relating to, or characteristic of the clergy
2 : of or relating to a clerk


examples of "clerical" work: uploading documents on bb for a professor, photocopying, etc.
eschew
Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French eschiver (3d present eschiu) of Germanic origin; akin to Old High German sciuhen to frighten off -- more at SHY
: to avoid habitually especially on moral or practical grounds : SHUN
synonym see ESCAPE
myopic
pronounced two ways:
1) my- oh- pic
2)my - ahh- pic

myopia = 1 : a condition in which the visual images come to a focus in front of the retina of the eye resulting especially in defective vision of distant objects
2 : a lack of foresight or discernment : a narrow view of something
- my·o·pic /-'O-pik, -'ä-/ adjective
diaspora
pronounced die-ahs-spor-uh

1 capitalized a : the settling of scattered colonies of Jews outside Palestine after the Babylonian exile b : the area outside Palestine settled by Jews c : the Jews living outside Palestine or modern Israel
2 a : the movement, migration, or scattering of a people away from an established or ancestral homeland <the black diaspora to northern cities> b : people settled far from their ancestral homelands <African diaspora> c : the place where these people live
evanescent
: tending to vanish like vapor

synonym: transient
ephmeral
1 : lasting one day only <an ephemeral fever>
2 : lasting a very short time <ephemeral pleasures>
esoteric
1 a : designed for or understood by the specially initiated alone <a body of esoteric legal doctrine -- B. N. Cardozo> b : requiring or exhibiting knowledge that is restricted to a small group <esoteric terminology> <esoteric strategies>; broadly : difficult to understand <esoteric subjects>
2 a : limited to a small circle <engaging in esoteric pursuits> b : PRIVATE, CONFIDENTIAL <an esoteric purpose>
3 : of special, rare, or unusual interest <esoteric building materials>
machinations

(know it, just use it more often in lit papers)
1 : an act of machinating
2 : a scheming or crafty action or artful design intended to accomplish some usually evil end <backstage machinations...that have dominated the film industry -- Peter Bogdanovich>

machinating: intransitive verb : to plan or plot especially to do harm
transitive verb : to scheme or contrive to bring about : PLOT
practitioner
1 : one who practices; especially : one who practices a profession
2 Christian Science : an authorized healer
cavorting
1 : to leap or dance about in a lively manner
2 : to engage in extravagant behavior
progenitor
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progenitor
One entry found for progenitor.


Main Entry: pro·gen·i·tor
Pronunciation: prO-'je-n&-t&r, pr&-
Function: noun
Etymology: Middle English, from Anglo-French progenitour, from Latin progenitor, from progignere to beget, from pro- forth + gignere to beget -- more at KIN
1 a : an ancestor in the direct line : FOREFATHER b : a biologically ancestral form
2 : PRECURSOR, ORIGINATOR <progenitors of socialist ideas -- Times Literary Supplement> <progenitor cells>
asunder
Main Entry: asun·der
Pronunciation: &-'s&n-d&r
Function: adverb or adjective
1 : into parts <torn asunder>
2 : apart from each other in position <wide asunder>
salutary
1 : producing a beneficial effect : REMEDIAL <salutary influences>
2 : promoting health : CURATIVE
meretricious
meretricious: 1 : of or relating to a prostitute : having the nature of prostitution <meretricious relationships>
2 a : tawdrily and falsely attractive <the paradise they found was a piece of meretricious trash -- Carolyn See> b : superficially significant : PRETENTIOUS <scholarly names to provide fig-leaves of respectability
troglodyte
Main Entry: trog·lo·dyte
Pronunciation: 'trä-gl&-"dIt
Function: noun
Etymology: Latin troglodytae, plural, from Greek trOglodytai, from trOglE hole, cave (akin to Greek trOgein to gnaw, Armenian aracem I lead to pasture, graze) + dyein to enter
1 : a member of any of various peoples (as in antiquity) who lived or were reputed to live chiefly in caves
2 : a person characterized by reclusive habits or outmoded or reactionary attitudes
- trog·lo·dyt·ic /"trä-gl&-'di-tik/ adjective