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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
form of expression in which words are used out of their usual sense in order to make the meaning more specific
FIGURE OF SPEECH
a comparison of two things with the use of 'like' or 'as'
SIMILE
a comparison, either expressed or implied, without the use of 'like' or 'as'
METAPHOR
an obvious exaggeration for the sake of effect without any attempt at deception
HYPERBOLE
a figure in which a concrete object is used to used for an abstract idea
SYMBOL
the use of a word for another with which it is intimately associated
METONYMY
an address to dead as if living, to the inanimate as if animate, the absent as if present, or the unborn as if alive
APOSTROPHE
the giving of personality of life to inanimate objects or ideas
PERSONIFICATION
a question to which no answer is expected or implies its own answer
RHETORICAL QUESTION
an expression which actually says less than might be said
UNDERSTATEMENT
a narrative in which characters, objects, and events have underlying political, relgious, moral, or social meanings
ALLEGORY
a short religious allegory
PARABLE
a short secular allegory
FABLE
two incongruous or inconsistent figures of speech combined to make one
MIXED FIGURE OF SPEECH
the ridiculous misuse of a word
MALAPROPISM
the imitation of sounds by words either directly or suggestively
ONOMATOPOEIA
a statement that either seems to or actually does contradict itself
PARADOX
a work mimicking the language, style, or ideas of another for comic effect
PARODY
a restatement of a passage in one's own words
PARAPHRASE
a quality in a piece of literature which excites pity, sorrow, or sympathy in the reader
PATHOS
a brief, epigrammatic saying that has become a byword
PROVERB
a novel in which what goes on in the characters' minds and why they act as they do are of more importance than what happens
PSYCHOLOGICAL NOVEL
a play on words that sound alike, usually for the sake of humor
PUN
a theory of writing which emphasizes that REAL, not idealized, life must be presented in a story or drama
REALISM
the term applied to writing which presents life as it is
REALISTIC
the part of a drama or a narrative in which the problems created by complications are solved and the stage is set for the denouement. also - the 4th act of an elizabethan drama
RESOLUTION
control over and repression of feelings, a quality of good poetry
RESTRAINT
the term applied to writing which emphasizes style, usually at the expense of thought
RHETORICAL
a kind of novel that deals with people, events, and places that are unreal or out of the ordinary
ROMANCE
the term applied to that which in literature is not essentially true in life
ROMANTIC
a literary movement which reacted against the regimentation of the 18th century
ROMANTICISM
a bitter remark intended to hurt the feelings of the individual at whom it is aimed
SARCASM
a form of writing in which the human follies and vices are held up to ridicule, generally with the intention of reform
SATIRE
a minor divison of a play, generally dealing with a single situation or episode
SCENE
delicate and refined expession of emotion
SENTIMENT
in a drama or narrative, the time and place in which the action occurs
SETTING
a method used by Socrates of leading another, especailly an opponent in argument, to the desire conclusuion through the use of an orderly sequence of questions
SOCRATIC METHOD
the particular manner of expression of a writer which distinguishes him from other writers
STYLE
the repeating of a word or phrase for emphasis or rhetorical effect
REPETITION
the grammatical construction of a word in a sentence
SYNTAX