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247 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ennui
dissatisfaction and restlessness resulting from boredom or apathy
ephemeral
brief; fleeting
equivocate
to use ambiguous language with a deceptive intent
erudite
very learned; scholarly
esoteric
intended for or understood by a small, specific group
eulogy
a speech honoring the dead
evanescent
tending to disappear like vapor; vanishing
exacerbate
to make worse or more severe
exculpate
exonerate; to clear of blame
exigent
urgent; pressing; requiring immediate action or attention
exonerate
to remove blame
extemporaneous
improvised; done without preparation
facetious
playful; humorous
fallacy
an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief
fawn
to flatter or praise excessively
fervent
greatly emotional or zealous
filibuster
intentional obstruction, especially using prolonged speechmaking to delay legislative action
flout
to demonstrate contempt for, as in a rule or convention
fortuitous
happening by fortunate accident or chance
fulminate
to loudly attack or denounce
furtive
marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious
garrulous
pointlessly talkative; talking too much
germane
relevant to the subject at hand; appropriate in subject manner
glib
marked by ease or informality; nonchalant; lacking in depth; superficial
grandiloquence
pompous speech or expression
gregarious
sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people
hackneyed
rendered trite or commonplace by frequent usage
halcyon
calm and peaceful
harangue
to deliver a pompous speech or tirade
hedonism
devotion to pleasurable pursuits, especially to the pleasures of the senses
hegemony
the consistent dominance of one state or ideology over others
heretical
violating accepted dogma or convention
hubris
arrogant presumption or pride
hyperbole
an exaggerated statement, often used as a figure of speech
iconoclast
one who attacks or undermines traditional conventions or institutions
idolatrous
given to intense or excessive devotion to something
imminent
about to happen; impending
immutable
not capable of change
impassive
revealing no emotion
impecunious
lacking funds; without money
imperturbable
marked by extreme calm, impassivity and steadiness
impetuous
hastily or rashly energetic; impulsive and vehement
implacable
not capable of being appeased or significantly changed
impunity
immunity from punishment or penalty
inchoate
in an initial stage; not fully formed
incipient
beginning to come into being or to become apparent
indifferent
having no interest or concern; showing no bias or prejudice
inert
unmoving; lethargic; sluggish
infelicitous
unfortunate; inappropriate
ingenuous
artless; frank and candid; lacking in sophistication
inimical
damaging; harmful; injurious
innocuous
harmless; causing no damage
insipid
without taste or flavor; lacking in spirit; bland
intractable
not easily managed or directed; stubborn; obstinate
intransigent
refusing to compromise
intrepid
steadfast and courageous
inured
accustomed to accepting something undesirable
inveigle
to obtain by deception or flattery
irascible
easily angered; prone to temperamental outbursts
laconic
using few words; terse
laud
to praise highly
loquacious
extremely talkative
lucid
clear; easily understood
luminous
characterized by brightness and the emission of light
magnanimity
the quality of being generously noble in mind and heart, especially in forgiving
malevolent
having or showing often vicious ill will, spite, or hatred
malleable
capable of being shaped or formed; pliable
martial
associated with war and the armed forces
maverick
an independent individual who does not go along with a group or party
mendacity
the condition of being untruthful; dishonesty
mercurial
characterized by rapid and unpredictable change in mood
meticulous
characterized by extreme care and precision; attentive to detail
misanthrope
one who hates all other humans
mitigate
to make or become less severe or intense; to moderate
mollify
to calm or soothe; to reduce in emotional intensity
morose
sad; sullen; melancholy
mundane
of the world; typical of or concerned with the ordinary
nascent
coming into being; in early developmental stages
nebulous
vague; cloudy; lacking clearly defined form
neologism
a new word, expression or usage; the creation or use of new words or senses
neophyte
a recent convert; a beginner; novice
noxious
harmful; injurious
obdurate
unyielding; hardhearted; intractable
obfuscate
to deliberately obscure; to make confusing
obsequious
exhibiting a fawning attentiveness
obstinate
stubborn; hardheaded; uncompromising
obtuse
lacking sharpness of intellect; not clear or precise in thought or expression
obviate
to anticipate and make unnecessary
occlude
to obstruct or block
odious
evoke intense aversion or dislike
onerous
troubling; burdensome
opaque
impenetrable by light; not reflecting light
opprobrium
disgrace; contempt; scorn
oscillation
the act or state of swinging back and froth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm
ostentatious
characterized by or given to pretentiousness
paean
a song or hymn of praise and thanksgiving
parody
a humorous imitation intended for ridicule or comic effect, especially in literature and art
pedagogy
the art or profession of training, teaching or instructing
pedantic
the parading of learning; excessive attention to minutiae and formal rules
penury
poverty; destitution
precursor
one that precedes and indicates or announces another
perennial
recurrent through the year or many years; happening repeatedly
perfidy
intentional breach of faith; treachery
perfunctory
cursory; done without care or interest
pernicious
extremely harmful; potentially causing death
penurious
penny-pinching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous
perspicacious
acutely perceptive; having keen discernment
peruse
to examine with great care
pervade
to permeate throughout
pervasive
having the tendency to permeate or spread throughout
phlegmatic
calm; sluggish; unemotional
pine
to yearn intensely; to languish; to lose vigor
pious
extremely reverent or devout; showing strong religious devotion
pirate
to illegally use or reproduce
pith
the essential or central part
pithy
precise and brief
placate
to appease; to calm by making concessions
platitude
a superficial remark, especially one offered as meaningful
plethora
an overabundance; a surplus
plummet
to plunge or drop straight down
polemical
controversial; argumentative
pragmatic
practical rather than idealistic
prattle
to babble meaninglessly; to talk in an empty and idle manner
precipitate
to cause or happen before anticipated or required
predilection
a disposition in favor of something; preference
preen
to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care
prescience
foreknowledge of events; knowing of events prior to their occurring
presumptuous
overstepping due bounds; taking liberties
prevaricate
to deliberately avoid the truth; to mislead
pristine
pure; uncorrupted; clean
probity
adherence to highest principles; uprightness
proclivity
a natural predisposition or inclination
prodigal
recklessly wasteful; extravagant; profuse; lavish
prodigious
abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary
profligate
excessively wasteful; recklessly extravagant
profuse
given or coming forth abundantly; extravagant
proliferate
to grow or increase swiftly and abundantly
prolific
producing large volumes or amounts; productive
propensity
a natural inclination or tendency; penchant
prosaic
dull; unimaginative
pungent
characterized by a strong, sharp smell or taste
putrefy
to rot; to decay and give off a foul odor
quaff
to drink deeply
qualms
misgivings; reservations; causes for hesitancy
queries
questions; inquiries; doubts in the mind; reservations
querulous
prone to complaining or grumbling; quarrelsome
quixotic
foolishly impractical; marked by lofty romantic ideas
quotidian
occurring or recurring daily; commonplace
rancorous
characterized by bitter, long-lasting resentment
rarefy
to make or become thin, less dense; to refine
recalcitrant
obstinately defiant of authority; difficult to manage
recant
to retract, especially a previously held belief
recondite
hidden; concealed; difficult to understand; obscure
redoubtable
awe-inspiring; worthy of honor
refulgent
radiant; shiny; brilliant
refute
to disprove; to successfully argue against
relegate
to forcibly assign, especially to a lower place or position
renege
to fail to honor a commitment; to go back on a promise
repudiate
to refuse to have anything to do with; disown
rescind
to invalidate; to repeal; to retract
reticent
quiet; reserved; reluctant to express thoughts and feelings
reverent
marked by, feeling, or expressing a feeling of profound awe and respect
rhetoric
the art or study of effective use of language for communication and persuasion
salubrious
promoting health or well-being
sanction
authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance
satire
a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision
sedulous
diligent; persistent; hard-working
shard
a piece of broken pottery or glass
solicitous
concerned and attentive; eager
solvent
able to meet financial obligations; able to dissolve another substance
soporific
causing drowsiness; tending to induce sleep
sordid
characterize by filth, grime or squalor; foul
sparse
thin; not dense; arranged at widely spaced intervals
specious
seeming true, but actually being fallacious; misleadingly attractive
spendthrift
one who spends money wastefully
sporadic
occurring only occasionally or in scattered instances
spurious
lacking authenticity or validity; false; counterfeit
squalid
sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect
static
not moving, active or in motion; at rest
stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast
stupefy
to stun, baffle or amaze
stymie
to block; thwart
subpoena
a court order requiring appearance and/or testimony
subtle
not obvious; elusive; difficult to discern
succinct
brief; concise
superfluous
exceeding what is sufficient or necessary
supplant
to take the place of; supercede
surfeit
excess; overindulgence
synthesis
the combination of parts to make a whole
tacit
implied; not explicitly stated
tenacity
the quality of adherence or persistence to something valued
tenuous
having little substance or strength; flimsy; weak
terse
brief and concise in wording
tirade
a long and extremely critical speech; a harsh denunciation
torpid
lethargic; sluggish; dormant
torque
a force that causes rotation
tortuous
winding; twisting; excessively complicated
tout
to publicly praise or promote
transient
fleeting; passing quickly; brief
trenchant
sharply perceptive; keen; penetrating
truculent
fierce and cruel; eager to fight
ubiquitous
existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encountered; widespread
unfeigned
genuine; not false or hypocritical
untenable
indefensible; not viable; uninhabitable
urbane
sophisticated;; refined; elegant
vacillate
to waver indecisively between one course of action or opinion and another; waver
variegated
multicolored; characterized by a variety of patches of different color
veracity
truthfulness; honesty
vexation
annoyance; irritation
vigilant
alertly watchful
vilify
to defame; to characterize harshly
virulent
extremely harmful or poisonous; bitterly hostile or antagonistic
viscous
thick; sticky
vituperate
to use harsh condemnatory language; to abuse or censure severely or abusively; berate
volatile
readily changing to a vapor; changeable; fickle; explosive
voracious
having an insatiable appetite for an activity or pursuit; ravenous
waver
to move to and fro; to sway; to be unsettled in opinion
zealous
fervent; ardent; impassioned
propitiate
appease
probity
uprightness, incorruptibility
quixotic
extravagantly chivalrous, romantically idealistic, impractical
pillory
to punish, hold up to public scorn
abeyance
suspended action
abysmal
extreme; low, like an abyss
adamant
hard and inflexible; unyielding
anachronism
something out of place for its time
anomalous
unexpected, not normal, odd
antipathy
aversion, dislike
apostate
one who abandons long-held religious or political convictions
apprehension
misgiving, dread
apprise
give notice to, inform
approbation
approval
apropos
appropriate to the situation; apt
arabesque
a complex, ornate design. Also a dance position.
ardor
warm interest, passion, enthusiasm, zeal
arrant
in every way, being completely such.
ascetic
practicing self-denial, austere, stark
assay
an analysis, examination, test. To put to a test
assiduous
diligent, hard-working, sedulous.
attenuate
make thin. weaken, enervate.
audacious
daring; bold
auspice
protection or support, patronage
emollient
soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying
empirical
based on observation or experiment
endemic
characteristic of or often found in a particular locality, region or people
enervate
to weaken; to reduce in vitality
enigmatic
mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand