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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a hatred or dislike
antipathy n.
1.lack of feeling, energy, or interest
apathy n.
the ability to identify with someone else and understand that person's situation of feelings
empathy n.
1.referring to pathology, the study of disease
2.caused by diesease
3.abnormal in behavior
pathological adj.
a feeling of sympathy; a quality that arouses pity or tenderness
pathos n.
hatred of marriage
misogamy n.
hatred of women
misogyny n.
sever diarrhea
dysentery n.
a serious difficulty learning to read in the usual way
dyslexia n.
to crave or desire, especially somehting belonging to someone else
covet tr.V
cupidity n.
self-satisfied; smug
complacent adj.
impossible to calm or appease
implacable adj.
to calm; to pacify; to appease
placate v.
showing calmness, peacefulness, or composure
placid adj.
substance prepared from killed or weakened pathogens and intorduced into a body to produce immunity
referring to the deadliness of a disease-causing agent
the transfer of genetic material form one organism to another; first observed by Griffith
virus that infects bacteria
spiral-staircase structure characteristic of the DNA molecule
double helix
subunit of nucleic acids consisting of a nitrogenous base, a sugar, and a phosphate group
five-carbon sugar that is a component of DNA nucleotides
the rule stating tha tin DNA adenine on one strand always pairs with a thymine on the opposite strand and guanine on one strand always pairs with a cytosine on the opposite strand
base-pairing rules
charachteristic of nucleic acidds in which the sequence of bases on one strand determines the sequence of bases on the other
the process of making a copy of DNA
DNA replication
enzyme that breaks the hydrogen bonds between bases during DNA replication
DNA helicase
a Y-shaped point that results when a double helix of DNA separates so that it can be copied
replication fork
enzyme that catalyzes the replication of DNA by adding complementary nucleotides
DNA polymerase
a type of nucleic acid involved in protein synthesis
ribonucleic acid
nitrogen-containing base of RNA complementary to adenine when RNA base pairs with DNA
stage of protein synthesis in which the information in DNA for making a protein is transferred to an RNA molecule
stage of gene expression in which the information in mRNA is used to make a protein
two-stage processing of information encoded in DNA to produce proteins
gene expression
enzyme that adds and links complementary RNA nucleotides during transcription
RNA polymerase
RNA copy of a gene used as a blueprint for the making of a protein during translation
messanger RNA
a three-nucleotide sequence in DNA or mRNA that encodes an amino acid or signifies a stop signal
sequence of nucleotides that specifies the amino acid sequence of a protein
genetic code
RNA molecule that temporarily carries a specific amino acid to a ribosome during translation
transfer RNA
a three-nucleotide sequence on tRNA that recognizes a complementary codon on mRNA
type of RNA molecule that plays a structural role in ribosomes
ribosomal RNA
region of DNA that controls RNA olymerase's access to a set of genes with related functions
segment of DNA that controls gene regulation in a set of genes iwth related functions in prokaryotes
gene system with a prometer; an operator gene, and three structural genes tht control lactose metabolism
lac operon
protein that binds to the operator in an operon to switch off transcription
segment of mRNA transcribed from eukaryotic DNA but removed before translation of mRNA into a protein
sequence of nucleotides on a gene that gets transcribed and translated
mutation in which one or just a few nucleotides in a gene are changed
point mutation
sequence of nucleotides on a gene that gets transcribed and translated
mutation in which one or just a few nucleotides in a gene are changed
point mutation