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103 Cards in this Set
 Front
 Back
location in space

point


geometric figure which has no size

point


flat surface with no thickness

plane


series of points which extends in oppposite directions without end

line


part of a line with two endpoints

segment or line segment


part of a line with one endpoint

ray


are in the same plane but never intersect

parallel lines


share one common point

intersecting lines


do not lie in the same plane

skew lines


two rays with a common endpoint

angle


formed by two intersecting lines, are opposite and equal to each other

vertical angles


angles with the same measure

congruent angles


angles whose sum of their measures is 180 degrees

supplementary angles


angles whose sum of their measures is 90 degress

complementary angles


angle whose measure is 180 degrees

straight angle


angle whose measure is 90 degrees

right angle


angle whose measure is greater than 90 degrees

obtuse angle


angle whose measure is less than 90 degrees

acute angle


line that intersects two other lines in different points

transversal


angles which lie on the same side of the transversal in corresponding positions

corresponding angles


angles which are between two parallel lines and on opposite sides of the transversal

alternate interior angles


closed plane figure with at least three sides

polygon


triangle with three angles less than 90 degrees each

acute triangle


triangle with one angle measureing 90 degrees

right triangle


triangle with one angle greater than 90 degrees

obtuse triangle


triangle with three unequal sides

scalene triangle


triangle with two equal sides

isosceles triangle


triangle with three equal sides

equilateral triangle


most general name for a foursided figure

quadrilateral


foursided figure with both pairs of opposite sides parallel

parallelogram


most general name for a polygon with four angles each equal to 90 degrees

rectangle


polygon with four equal sides and four angles equal to 90 degrees

square


fourside figure with exactly one pair of parallel sides

trapezoid


polygon with four congruent sides but not four congruent angles

rhombus


fivesided polygon

pentagon


sixsided polygon

hexagon


figures with the same size and shape; corresponding parts have equal measures

congruent figures


Rule which states that, if three sides of two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent

SideSideSide


Rule which states that, if two sides and the included angle of two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent

SideAngleSide


Rule which states that, if two angles and the included side of two triangles are congruent, the two triangles are congruent

AngleSideAngle


the name for the distance around a circle

circumference


the formula for the distance around a circle

C = 2(pi)r or C  pi)d


segment which has one endpoint at the center of a circle and the other endpoint on the circle

radius


chord which passes through the center of a circle

diameter


segment whose endpoints are on the circle

chord


comparison of two quantities by division

ration


ration which compares quantities in different units

rate


rate with a denominator of 1

unit rate


an equality of two ratios

proportion


figures with the same shape but not necessarily the same size

similar


enlarged or reduced drawing that is similar to an actual object or place

scale drawing


possible results of an action

outcomes


any outcome or group of outcomes

sampel space


(number of favorable outcomes)/
(number of possible outcomes) 
probability


opposite of an event

complement


(number of favorable outcomes)/
(number of unfavorable outcomes) 
odds in favor


(number of unfavorable outcomes)/
(number of favorable outcomes) 
odds against


ratio that compares a number to 100

percent


an amount based on how much an employee sells

commission


(amount of change) x 100/
(original amount) 
percent change


amount of increase of an item which is profit

markup


amount of a price decrease of an item

discount


integers which differ by 1

consecutive


initial amount of money deposited or invested

principal


amount of money earned on an investment

interest


percent which determines the amount of interest

interest rate


interest paid only on the principal

simple interest


interest paid on the principal and the acuumulated interest

compound interest


principal plus the interest

balance


set of ordered pairs

relation


first coordinates in a relation

domain


second coordinates in a relation

range


a relation in which each member of the domain is paried with exactly one member of the range

function


test in which you use a vertical line to determine if a relation is a function

vertical line test


an ordered pair that makes an equation in two variables true

solution


any equation whose graph is a line

linear equation


ratio which describes the tilt of a line

slope


point wher a line crosses the yaxis

yintercept


y = mx + b

slopeintercept form of an equation


writing a function using f(x) instead of y

function notation


equation which describes a function

function rule


graph which shows the relationship between two sets of data

scatter plot


two or more equations

system of equations


line which borders the graph of a linear inequality

boundary line


number of square units enclosed by a figure

area


line segment perpendicular to the linen containing a base of the figure and drawn from the side opposite that figure

height


three dimensional figure

space figure


has two parallel bases that are congruent polygons and lateral faces that are parallelograms

prism


has a base that is a polygon

pyramid


has two parallel bases that are circles

cylinder


has one circular base and one vertex

cone


set of all points in space that are a given distance from a given point called the center

sphere


pattern you can form into a space figure

net


sum of the areas of the bases and lateral faces of a space figure

surface area


sume of the areas of lateral faces

lateral area


tilted space figure

oblique


space figure whose lateral faces are perpendicular to its bases

right


sliding a figure vertically and/or horizontally

translation


new figure after a transformation

image


type of symmetry in which a congruent figure is formed by rotating the orginal

rotational symmetery


line which divides a figure into two congruent figures

line of symmetry


type of transformation in which a figure is "flipped" over a line

reflection


transformation in which a figure is turned about a fixed point

rotation
