Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/93

Click to flip

93 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
How do you become a good listener?
Focusly soley on music,
Improve Your Memory,
Grasp the Important Sounds
Russian Five
Musorgsky and 4 other young composers
Orchestration
Music conceived at the keyboard is allocated to the various instruments of the orchestra
Tempo
Speed at which the beat of a piece is to proceed
Solo
One performer plays by him/herself
Ostinato
Rhythm, melody, or harmony that repeats over and over
Pianissimo
Music is played very softly
Crescendo
A gradual increase in the volume of sound
Fortissimo
Played very loudly
Diminuendo
A gradual reduction of the volume of sound
Unison
When instruments play together on one pitch
Mute
A mechanical device placed on or into an instrument to soften sound
Rhythm
Is the organization of time in music
Beat
An even pulse that divides the passing of time into equal segments
Measure
A group of beats
Meter
The gathering of beats into regular groups
Upbeat
Beat signaled by an upward motion, less accented
Downbeat
Its the first and strongest beat in the measure, accented
Accent
Musical stress
Syncopation
Places the accent either on a weak beat or between the beats
Melody
A series of notes arranged in order to form a recognizable unit
Pitch
The relative position, high, or low, of a musical sound
Allegro
Fast
Accelerando
Getting faster
Ritardando
Getting slower
Rubato
Performer is given license to steal some additional time for the passage of music in question and thus slow it down
Grave
Very Slow
Lento
Slow
Tone
Sound coming in regular vibration
Octave
Tone that sounds like an exact duplication of an earlier pitch, but at a higher or lower pitch
Staff
The gridwork of lines and spaces
Clef Sign
Indicates the range of pitch in which the melody is to be played
Treble Clef
Designates the upper range and is appropriate for high instruments
Bass Clef
Covers the lower range and is used for lower instruments
Great Staff
The combination of clefs
Sharp
Raises the note to the key immediately above, usually a black one
Flat
Lowers the note to the next key, usually a black
Natural
Cancels either of the signs
Tonality
The organization of music around the central tone
Tonic
Central pitch in which the melody gravitates around
Key
A tonal center built on a tonic note and making use of a scale
Scale
An arrangement of pitches that ascends and descends in a fixed and unvarying pattern
Major Scale
1-1-.5-1-1-1-.5
Sounds "happy"
Minor Scale
1-.5-1-1-.5-1-1
Sounds "sad"
Key Signature
Preplaced sharps or flats
Modulation
The change from one key to another
Diatonic Melodies
Written in eitehr the major or minor scale and use only seven notes of each
Chromatic
A scale using all twelve notes within the octave
Step
Melody moves from one letter name of the scale to the next
Leap
Melody jumps one or more letter names
Conjunct
Melodies that move predominatantly by step
Disjunct
Melodies that move mainly by leap
Phrase
Constitures a dependent idea within a melody
Metronome
A mechanical device used by performers to keep a steady tempo
Fermata
A mark that indicating that the performers should hold a note or chord for an extended duration
Mode
Change from a major key to a minor and vice versa
Cadence, half & full
The concluding part of a musical phrase
Half - music does not sound final
Full - music sounds complete
Motives
A short, distinctive melodic figure that stands by itself
Harmony
The peaceful cohabitation of diverse elements
Chords
A group of two or more pitches that sound at the same time
Triad
Basic chord in the music. Consists of three pitches arranged in a very specific way
Interval
The distance between each of the notes
Dominant
Always built on the 5th note of the scale
Subdominant
Built on the note below the dominant, and it frequently moves to the dominant
Chord Progression
A movement of chords in a purposeful fashion
Dissonance
Pitches sounding disagreeable and unstable
Consonance
Pitches sounding agreeable and stable
Arpeggio
Broken, staggered triad
Tabla
Pair of tuned drum
Raga
Basic pattern of pitches
Color
The tone quality of any sound produced by a voice or an instrument
Timbre
Another term for the tone quality of musical sound
Soprano & Alto
Woman's vocal parts
Soprano is the highest
Tenor & Bass
Men's vocal parts
Bass is the lowest
Chorus
Many voices joined together
Vibrato
Shaking the left hand as it stops the string, produces a sort of contolled wobble in the pitch
Pizzicato
Performer plucks the strings
Tremolo
Creates a musical "tremor" by rapidly repeating the same pitch with quick up and down strokes of the bow
Trill
Performer rapidly alternated btwn two distinctly seperate but neighboring pitches
Glissando
Rapid run up and down the string of a harp
Sforzando
A sudden, loud attack on one note or chord
Texture
The density and dispostion of the musical lines that make up a musical composition
Monophony
There is only a single line of music with no accompaniment
Polyphony
Requires two or more lines in the musical fabric
Counterpoint
The harmonious opposition of two or more independent musical lines
Canon
Copies exactly what the first part plays
Homophony
"same sounding". Voices move to new pitches at roughly the same time
Repetition
Establishes the most obvious formal units
Contrast
Takes us away from the familiar and into the unknown
Variation
Stands midway btwn repetition and contrast. Original melody returns but is altered in some way
Theme and Variations
The music of the first stanza is altered in some way each time it returns
Ternary form
Consists of three sections.
Rondo form
A refrain alternates with contrasting music