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134 Cards in this Set

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ABRUPT (adj)
1. Broken off, lacking in continuity, step
2. Sudden quick and unexpected,
CORRUPT (adj)
Changed ('broken to pieces') from good to bad; vicious
CORRUPT (v)
Change ('broken to pieces') from good to bad; debase, pervert, falsify
DISRUPT (v)
break apart, cause disorder
ERRUPT (v)
burst or break out
INCORRUPTIBLE (adj)
Inflexibly honest, incapable of being corrupted or bribed
INTERRUPT (v)
break into or betwee; hinder; stop
RUPTURE (n)
1. break; breaking
2. hostility
BACTERICIDE (n)
substance that kills bacteria
BIOCIDE (n)
substance that destroys many different organisms
FRACTRICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) one's brother
FUNGICIDE (n)
substance that kills fungi or inhibits their growth
GENOCIDE (n)
deliberate extermination of a racial or cultural group
GERMICIDE (n)
substance that kills germs
HERBICIDE (n)
substance that kills plants
HOMICIDE (v)
killing of one human by another
INFANTICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) an infant
INSECTICIDE (n)
substances that kills insects
MATRICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) one's mother
PATRICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) one's father
PESTICIDE (n)
substance that kills rats, insects, bacteria, etc.
REGICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of)a king
SORORICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) one's sister
SUICIDE (n)
act of killing (or killer of) one's self
TYRANNICIDE (N)
act of killing (or killer of) a tyrant
ASTRINGENT (adj)
1. the drawing (the tissues) tightly together (ex: to check bleeding)
2. stern, austere
ASTRINGENT (n)
substance that shrinks the tissues and checks flow of blood
BOA CONSTRICTOR (n)
snake that 'constricts' or rushes its prey in its coils
CONSTRICT (v)
draw together; render narrower; shrink
RESTRICT (v)
keep within limits (literally 'keep back'), confine
STRICTURE (n)
1. adverse criticism (literally, 'tightening'); censure
2. restriction
STRINGENT (adj)
strict (literally, 'binding tight'; severe
UNRESTRCTED (adj)
1. not confined within bounds; free
2. open to all
CARNIVORE (n)
flesh-eating animal
CARNIVOROUS (adj)
flesh-eating
DEVOUR (v)
1. eat greedily or ravenously
2. seize upon or destroy
FRUGIVOROUS (adj)
feeding on fruit
HERIVORE (n)
plant-eating animal
HERVIROUS (adj)
dependent on (literally 'eating') plants as food
INSECTIVOROUS (adj)
dependent on (literally 'eating') insects as food
OMNIVORE (n)
person or animal that eats everything (both flesh and plants)
OMNIVOROUS (adj)
1. eating everything, both plant and animal substances
2. avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
VORACIOUS (adj)
1. greedy in eating
2. insatiable, as a voracious appetite
CONVIVIAL (adj)
fond of eating and drinking with friends; sociable; jovial; hospitable
REVIVE (v)
bring back to life; restore
SURVIVE (v)
outlive; remain alive after
VIVACIOUS (adj)
lively in temper or conduct
VIVACITY (n)
liveliness of spirit
VIVID (adj)
1. (used with things) having the vigor and spirit of life
2. sharp and clear; graphic
VIVISECTION (adj)
operation on a living animal for scientific investigation
CONTORTIONIST (n)
person who can twist his or her body into odd postures
DISTORT (v)
1. twist out of shape; contort
2. twist of the true meaning; misrepresent; pervert; falsify
EXTORT (v)
wrest (money, promises, etc) from a person by force (literally 'twist out')
RETORT (n)
reply quickly or sharply ('twist back')
TORSION (n)
act of twisting; stress due to twisiting forces exerted on a body
TORTUOUS (adj)
1. full of twists or curves, winding; as a tortuous road
2. tricky; crooked; circuitous
TORTURE (v)
1. wrench; twist
2. inflict severe pain upon
TORTURE (n)
anguish of body or mind; agony
CONVICT (v)
prove guilty, show conclusively to be guilty
CONVICT (n)
person serving a prison sentence
CONVICTION (n)
1. state of having been judged guilty of an offense
2. strong belief
CONVINCE (v)
persuade or show conclusively by argument or proof
EVICT (v)
1. expel by legal process, as to evict a tenant
2. oust
EVINCE (v)
show clearly; disclose; reveal
INVINCIBLE (adj)
incapable of being conquered
VANQUISH (v)
overcome in battle; conquer; defeat
VICTOR (n)
winner, conqueror
FRACTION (n)
one of more of the equal parts of a whole; fragment
FRACTIOUS (adj)
apt to break out into a passion; cross; irritable
FRACTURE (v)
1. break or crack
2. breaking of a bone
FRAGILE (adj)
part broken off
INFRACTION (n)
act of breaking; breach; violation, as an infraction of a law
REFRACT (v)
bend (literally 'break back') from a straight path (as when light rays having traveled through air; change direction when entering water, or as when sunlight - having traveled through a prism - breaks up into the colors of the rainbow)
REFRACTORY (adj)
resisting; intractable; hard to manage; as a refractory mule
OMNIBUS (adj)
covering many things at once, such as an omnibus bill
OMNIBUS (n)
1. bus
2. book containing a variety of works by one author as a Hemingway omnibus
OMNIFARIOUS (adj)
of all varieties, forms or kinds
OMNIFIC (adj)
all-creating
OMNIPOTENT (adj)
unlimited in power; almighty
OMNIPRESENT (adj)
present everywhere at the same time; ubiquitous
OMNISCIENT (adj)
knowing everything
OMNIVOROUS (adj)
1. eating everything, both plant and animal substances
2. avidly taking in everything, as an omnivorous reader
DEFLECT (v)
turn ('bend') aside
FLEX (v)
bend, as to flex a limb
FLEXIBLE (adj)
pliable ('capable of being bent') not rigid, tractable
FLEXOR (n)
muscle tht serves to bend a limb
GENUFLECT (v)
bend the knee; touch the right knee to the ground, as in worship
INFLECTION (v)
change ('bend') in the pitch or tones of a person's voice
REFLECT (v)
1. throw ('bend') back light rays, as from a mirror (but not from a prism, which refracts rays)
2. think
REFLECX (n)
involuntary response ('bending back') to a stimulus; for example; sneezing is a reflex
DETENTION (n)
act of keeping back or detaining
IMPERTINENT (adj)
1. irrelevant, not pertinent; inappropriate
2. rude
PERTINACIOUS (adj)
adhering ('holding') firmly to a purpose or opinion, very persistent
RETENTIVE (adj)
tenacious, able to retain or remember
RETINUE (n)
group of follwers or assistants attending a distinguished person
TENACITY (n)
firmness in holding fast; persistence
TENANCY (n)
period of a tenant's temporary holding of real estate
TENET (n)
principle, belief, or doctrine generally held to be true
TENURE (n)
1. period for which an office or position is held, as 'US Supreme Court justices enjoy life tenure'
2. status assuring an employee a permanent position
UNTENABLE (adj)
incapable of being held or defended
ADMONISH (v)
warn of a fault, reprove, rebuke
ADMONITION (n)
gentle reproof ('warning) counseling against a fault or error
ADMONITORY (adj)
conveying a gentle reproof
MONITOR (n)
person or device that keeps track of, checks, or warns
MONITOR (v)
keeps track of, regulate, or control the operation of a machine or process
MONUMENT (n)
means or reminding us of person or event (ex: status or tomb)
PREMONITION (n)
forewarning; intuitive anticipation of a coming event
PREMONITORY (adj)
conveying a forewarning
COUNTERMAND (v)
issue a contray order
MANDATE (n)
1. authoritative command
2. territory administered by a trustee (supervisory nation)
MANDATORY (adj)
obligatory; required by a command
REMAND (v)
send ('order') back, recommit, as to a prison
WRIT OF MANDAMUS (n)
written order form a court to enforce the performance of some public duty
ACCREDITED (adj)
officially authorized or recognized; provided with credentials
CREDENCE (n)
belief as to the truth of something
CREDENTIALS (n)
documents, letter, reference, etc. that inspire belief or trust
CREDIBLE (adj)
believable
CREDIT (n)
belief, faith, trust
CREDULOUS (adj)
too ready to believe, easily deceived
CREED (n) or CREDO (n)
summary of principles believed in or adhered to
DISCREDIT (v)
1. cast doubt on, refuse to believe
2. take trust or credit away from, disgrace
INCREDIBLE (adj)
not believable
INCREDULITY (n)
disbelief
AFFIDAVIT (n)
sworn written statement made before an authorized official
BONA FIDE (adj)
made or carried out in good faith; genuine
CONFIDANT (n)
one to whom secrets are entrusted (confidante - if a woman)
CONFIDENT (adj)
having faith in oneself, self-reliant, sure
CONFIDENTIAL (adj)
communicated in trust, secret, private
DIFFIDENT (adj)
lacking self-confidence (faith in oneself) unduly, timid, shy
FIDELITY (n)
1. faithfulness to trust or vow
2. accuracy, faithfulness of sound reproduction
FIDUCIARY (adj)
1. held in trust (fiduciary property)
2. confidential (fiduciary duties of a trustee)
INFIDEL (n)
one who not accept a particular faith, unbeliever
PERFIDIOUS (adj)
false to a trust, faithless, treacherous
PERFIDY (n)
violation of a trust, treachery, faithfulness, disloyality