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17 Cards in this Set

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early people who obtained their food by hunting wild animals and gathering wild plants, roots, nuts and berries
hunter-gatherer
no longer existing or living
extinct
A settled lifestyle in one place
sedentary
a small, privileged group at the top of a society
elite
a system of writing that uses picture symbols for concepts, objects, or words
hieroglyph
an upright stone column with inscribed hieroglyphs used as a monument, particularly by early people of Central America
stele
a manuscript volume; record books kept by early Central American peoples such as the Maya and Aztec
codex
the on a high, flat plateau in South America
altiplano
bricks formed of mixed mud and straw
adobe
narrow strips of land about 300 feet long and 30 feet wide built in swampy land and used for farming in Central America, particularly by the Aztec
chinampa
a pact or union between states in a common cause
alliance
an Aztec settlement in which families of different social classes lived and shared the land
calpulli
a kind of tax paid in goods or services to the ruling government
tribute
the growing of crops according to the altitude of the land particularly in South America
vertical economy
the building of raised banks of earth on steep land for farming
terrace farming
the Spanish term for conquerors used in reference to Spaniards who came to the New World in the 1500s in search of wealth
conquistador
a war between fractions or regions within a countrys
civil war