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140 Cards in this Set

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1. Acronym
n- A word formed from the first letter of each word in a series
2. Affix
n- a prefix or a suffix. v- to attach a part to a beginning or end of a word; to attach something
3. Coinage
n- The invention of a new word or phrase. To make metal coins
4. Colloquial
adj- Typical of informal language usage; conversational
5. Diminutive
n- a suffix that indicates small size, youth, familiarity, affections or contempt.
6. Metonymy
n- A figure of speech that substitutes a word with a different but closely associated word.
7. Oxymoron
n- An expression that contains contradictory terms
8. Palindrome
n- A word or an expression that is spelled the same backward and forward
9. Portmanteau word
; n- A word formed by combining the sounds of meanings of two different words.
10. Spoonerism
n- An often comical switching of the first sounds of two of more words.
1. Apprehensive
adj- Anxious or fearful about the future; uneasy
2. Categorical
adj- Without exception or qualification; absolute
3. Conclusive
adj- Decisive; putting an end to doubt, question, or uncertainty
4. Dubious
adj- Doubtful; uncertain; questionable as to quality or validity
5. Indeterminate
adj- Not capable of being determined or established; not precisely known.
6. Precarious
; adj- Dangerous; risky; lacking in security or stability; based on uncertain or questionable premises
7. Qualm
n- A sense of doubt or uneasiness about a course of action
8. Tentative
adj- not fully worked out or agreed upon; provisional
9. Unequivocal
adj- Perfectly clear; leaving no room for doubt or misunderstanding
10. Vacillate
v- To swing indecisively from one opinion or action to another; to hesitate in choice of actions or opinions.
Beguile; v
(a) To charm; to delight. (B) To deceive skillfully
Decorum; n
Appropriateness of behavior; propriety
Demeanor; n
The way one behaves or presents oneself
Feral; adj
Wild and untamed; savage
Ignoble; adj-
Mean, unethical, or dishonorable; not noble in character
Mores; n-
Accepted standards and customs of a social group
Provincial; adj-
a) Relating to the areas that are far from large cities or capitols (b) not sophisticated, fashionable or informed (c) Limited or narrow in perspective.
Unseemly; adj-
Unfitting and inappropriate; grossly improper
Wily; adj-
Cunning; full of trickery or intentions to deceive.
Benevolent; adj -
Wishing to do good; characterized by helpful
Aggrandize; v-
To make greater in power, influence stature or reputation; to exaggerate.
Exorbitance; n
Extreme, unreasonable expense or price; beyond reasonable or proper limits.
Grandiose; adj
Trying to seem important; characterized by pretended grandeur.
Gratuitous; adj-
Unfairly; unjustified
Intemperate; adj-
Excessive; lacking moderation
Multifarious; adj
Having great variety; diverse
Opulence; n-
(a) Wealth; affluence (b) Great abundance, often to excess; lavish
Profligate; adj
Recklessly wasteful; wildly extravagant
Satiate; v-
To fully satisfy an appetite or a desire
Surfeit; n
An excessive amount
Assertive; adj-
Acting with confidence and force
Brazen; adj
Extremely bold; seamlessly rude or defiant
Complaisant; adj
Wanting to please; willing to do whatever pleases others.
Docile; adj
Easily manageable or teachable
Flamboyant; adj
Showy, flashy, vivid or dramatic
Intrepid; adj
Having unwavering courage
Mellow; adj
Relaxed and unhurried
Pacific; adj
Of a peaceful nature
Strident; adj
Loud, harsh, grating or shrill
Unabashed; adj
Not embarrassed; composed
Affect
; v- To influence; to change. n- Feeling or emotion, especially shown in facial expressions or body language
Effect
n- A result. v- To bring about
Depredation
n- damage, destruction or loss
Deprivation
n- The state of lacking or doing without something; loss
Disinterested
adj- Free of bias or self-interest in an outcome
Uninterested
adj- Having no interest or concern in a matter
Emigrate
v- To leave one country or region and settle in another
Immigrate
v- To settle in a country or region where one is not native
Precede
v- To come before
Proceed
v- To go forward or onward
Didactic
adj- intended to teach, overly moralistic, preachy
. edify
v- to instruct for intellectual, moral, or spiritual improvement
. elucidate
to make clear or explain
erudite
adj- a possessing great knowledge and scholarship
esoteric
adj- understood only by an elite, scholarly, or exclusive group
imbue
v- to inspire or influence thoroughly
indoctrinate
v- to instruct or impact certain principals or ideology
pedagogy
n-the art or profession of teaching
pedantic
adj- overly concerned with or narrowly focused on book learning or formal rules
pundit
n- a person of great learning about a particular topic
Austerity
n- Severe and rigid restrictions, especially those brought about by difficult economic times
. Depreciate
; v- To decrease or cause to decrease in value or price
. Equity
n- (a) The value of a business or property minus debt owed (b) Fairness; justice
Frugal
adj- Thrifty; careful or strict in avoiding unnecessary spending
Indigent
adj- Extremely poor, or lacking the basic necessities
Munificent
adj- Generous in giving
Pecuniary
adj- Having to do with money
Recession
n- A general decline in business activity
Remunerate
v- To pay for goods provided; to compensate for
Solvent
adj- Capable of meeting financial obligations
Acrimonious
adj- Bitter or sharp language or tone
. Chastise
v- To punish or criticize severely
Debunk
v- To expose or make fun of a false claim or an exaggeration
Derogatory
Adj- Insulting; belittling
Disparage
v- To speak on in a disrespectful or slighting way
Harass
v- To irritate or torment repeatedly
. Impugn
v- To attack or challenge as false or questionable
. Innuendo
n- An indirect or subtle expression of something, usually negative
Invective
n- Abusive or strongly critical language
Vilify
v- To make vicious insulting comments about
. Banter
n- An exchange of good-humored, playful remarks
Caricature
n- a representation in which distinctive traits are exaggerated or distorted for comic effect
Droll
adj- Amusingly odd
Facetious
adj- Playfully joking, not meant to be taken seriously
. Flippant
adj- Humorous in a disrespectful way
Hilarity
n- Great merriment, or extreme amusement
Ludicrous
adj- Ridiculously, laughably absurd
Mirth
n- Happiness and merriment, especially expressed by laughter
Whimsical
adj- Playful or unpredictable
Witticism
n- A clever remark or saying
. Analogy
n- A comparison highlighting a similarity between otherwise dissimilar things
Antithesis
n- The direct or exact opposite
Commensurate
adj- Corresponding in size or degree
Congruence
n- Agreement, harmony or correspondence
Deviate
v- To depart or turn aside from a path, direction, or course of action
Disparity
n- The condition of fact of being unequal or different
Heterogeneous
adj- Consisting of many different elements or types
Homogenous
adj- Similar in kind or nature
Nuance
n- A subtle or slight degree or difference
Tantamount
adj- Equivalent in significance, effect or value.
Autocratic
adj- Ruling with unlimited power or authority
. Autonomy
n- Independence; self-governance
Caste
n- A social class separated from others by profession, wealth, or hereditary rank.
Despot
n- A ruler with absolute power
Feudal
adj- Relating to a system in which people were given protection and the use of land, in return for loyalty, payments and services to a lord
Hegemony
n- Dominances, especially that of a country, region, or group over others
Oligarchy
n- Government by a few, especially by a small faction of people or families
Sovereign
adj- Self-governing; independent
Totalitarian
adj- relating to a form of government with absolute and centralized control over every aspect of people’s lives
Usurp
v- To take and hold power or rights by force without legal authority
Diligence
n- Steady effort or persistent hard work
. Fastidious
adj- Possessing or displaying careful attention to detail
Finicky
adj- Difficult to please
Imprudent
adj- Doing things without careful thought or judgment
Judicious
Having or exhibiting good, sound judgment
Meticulous
adj- Extremely careful and precise
Minutia
n- A small, minor or trivial detail
Slovenly
adj- Sloppy in dress or appearance
Trepidation
n- A state of alarm, dread, or fear
Unmindful
adj- Failing to give due care or attention
aegis
protection,sponsporship, or guidance
amends
something done to make up for wrong, an injury, or a mistake
conciliatory
intended to overcome distrust, animosity or conflict
conducive
tending to cause or bring about
extricate
to free from difficulty
importune
to annoy with repeated and insistent requests
mediate
to help opposing sides reach an agreement
mitigate
to soften, lessen, or moderate
patronize
to treat as inferior
renovate
to restore something to an earlier condition by repairing or remodeling