Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/89

Click to flip

89 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
patische
Artistic hodgepodge that mirrors another artists style.
patina
Green or oxidized layer that forms on bronze and copper.
pediment
Triangular space at the end of the building.
pendentive
A concave triangular piece of masonry.
peripteral
Building surrounded by a colonnade.
peristyle
The colonnade surrounding a building or court.
perspective
Formula for projecting an illusion of three dimnesional world onto a 2d.
piano nobile
Principle story in a Renaissance building.
pictograph
Picture usually stylized that represents an idea.
picture plane
Surface of a picture.
pier
A vertical masonry support.
Pieta
A work of art depicting Mary and a dead Christ.
pigment
Powdered coloring matter mized or ground to color.
pilaster
Flat, rectangular, vertical item projecting from wall.
pillar
A weight-carrying member.
pithos
Large clay storage vessel frequently set into the earth and possesing no flat base.
plan
Horizontal arrangements of parts of a building.
plasticity
Three-dimensionality of an object.
plein-air building
Representation of effects of outdoor light and atmosphere in Impressionism.
pointillism
Method of painting with small dots that from a distance appear together.
polychrome
Done in several colors.
polyptych
Altarpiece made up of more then three sections.
porcelain
Translucent pottery made of fine white clay.
pophyry
A purplish Egyptian rock.
portico
A porch supported by columns
post-and-lintel system
A system in which two posts support a lintel.
potsherds
Broken pottery that provides archeological chronology.
pottery
Objects made of clay and hardened by fire.
predella
Edge on which altarpiece rests in back of altar.
primary colors
Red, yellow, and blue.
program
Architects formulation of a design. Or conceptual basis of a work.
pronaos
Space in front of cella in Greek temple.
propylaeum
Gateway building.
prostyle
Style of Greek temple in which columns stand in front of naos and extend its width.
putto
Young child, a favorite subject in Italian painting and sculpture.
qiblah
Direction towards which Muslims face in prayer.
quadro-riportato
Simulation of a wall painting for a ceiling with frames.
quatrefoil
Architectural ornament having four foils.
quattrocento
15th century in Italian arts.
raking cornice
Cornice on the sloping sides of a pediment.
rayonnant
Radiant style associated with France and Louis IX.
realism
Representation of things according to nature.
red-figure technique
Silhouetting red figures against a black background.
reinforced concrete
Concrete with increased strength by metal bars embetted.
relief
Figures projecting from a background.
reliquary
Small receptacle for sacred relic.
repousse
Formed in relief by beating a metal plate from the back.
reserve column
In Egyptian rock-cut tombs a column that is hewn and serves no weight bearing function.
retable
Screen or wall above or behind altar.
reverse
On coins or medals, the side opposite the obverse.
rib
Slender molded masonry that projects from surface.
ridgepole
Horizontal beam at the ridge of a roof, to which upper ends of rafters attach.
rose or wheel window
Large, circular window with tracery and stained glass.
sacra conversazione
Grouping of religious people so they appear to be conversing.
sacralidllic scene
Landscape depicting country life in idealized nature.
sarcophagus
stone coffin
saturation
Purity of a hue.
satyr
In Greek mythology a demi-god or deity.
scale
Dimensions of the parts of a building.
scriptorum
Medieval writing room in which scrolls were stored.
sculpture in the round
Freestanding figures, carved in three dimensions
secondary colors
green, orange, and purple.
section
Diagram of a part of a structure as well as imaginary plane.
seicento
17th century in Italian art.
severe style
Transitional Greek style that is formal but not rigid in pose and emphasizes principle of weight distribution.
sfumato
Smoke-like haziness that softens paintings.
shaft
Part of a column between capital and base.
shaft grave
A grave in the form of a deep pit.
silver point
Drawing technique using silver-tipped pencil.
sinopia
Reddish-brown earth color.
Siva or Shiva
Hindu god of construction and destruction.
slip
Potter's clay dispersed in liquid and used for casting.
spandrel
Roughly triangular sapce enclosed by curves of adjacent archs.
splay
Large bevel or chamber.
splayed opening
An opening that is cut away diagonally so that outer edges are farther apart then inner edges.
square schematism
Church plan in which crossing square is used as module.
squinch
Architectural device used to transform from square to circle.
stave
Wedge-shaped timber.
stele
Carved stone slab.
still life
Painting representing inanimate objects.
stoa
Open building with roof supported by a row of columns parallel to back wall.
stringcourse
Horizontal molding or band in masonry.
stucco
Fine plaster used for coating walls or decoration.
stupa
Large moung shaped Buddhist shrine.
style
Manner of works of art which are characteristic of a group.
stylobate
Upper step of base of Greek temple which is platform for columns.
stylus
Needle-like tool used for engraving or incising
superimposed orders
Orders of architecture placed one above another.
symmetry
Esthetic balance that is usually achieved on imaginary axis.