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42 Cards in this Set

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What is the function of thiamine (B1)(TPP)?
Helps all body cells produce energy from carbohydrates. oxidative decarboxylation
What is the function of rivoflavin (B2)?
Hydrogen carrier. helps cells produce energy and change trp into niacin.
Hydrogen carries
What is the function of niacin (B3)?
Helps body use sugars and FA; helps cells produce energy, helps enzymes function.
Hydrogen carrier
What is the function of pathothenic acid (B5)?
helps cells produce energy; helps metabolize proteins, fats and carbs
What is the function of biotin (lysyl biotin)?
helps cells produce energy; helps metabolize protein, fat and carbs.
caboxylation and co2 transfer reactions
What is the function of vitamin B12?
Works with folate to make RBCs; serves as a vital part of many body chemicals and helps body use FAs and some AA-transmethylation (methylmalonyl CoA to succinyl CoA)(homocystein to methionine)
What is the function of folate
essential role in producing DNA and RNA for new cells; works with B12 to form Hg in RBC
carrier of methyl
What is the function of Vitamin C?
helps absorb irons from plants;
helps produce collegen
helps form and repair RBC, bones and other tissues;
helps keep blood vessels fiorm;
protects against briusing;
helps maintain healthy gums and heal cuts and wounds;
protects from infections keeping immune systems well
What is the function of vitamin A?
helps you see in dark and promotes health of all tissues.
protects from infection by keeping skin and tissues in mouth, GI, respiratory and uro-genital tract healthy.
What is the function of vitamin D?
promotes calcium and phosphate absorption;
helps deposit these minerals in bones and teeth to make them strong.
What is the function of vitamin K?
helps blood clot and stop bleeding.
What is the function of Vitamin E?
antioxidant
What is the function of calcium?
builds bones, both in length and strength;
slows rate of bone loss as you age;
helps muscle contract;
plays a role in normal nerve function
helps blood coagulate
What is the function of phosphorous?
helps body produce energy and acts as a main regulator of energy metabolism in body organs
What is the function of magnesium?
part of more than 300 enzymesd which regulate many functions, including energy production and muscle contraction.
helps maintain nerve and mucle cells
What is the function of iron?
essential part of Hg which carries oxygen to tissues.
What is the function of zinc?
essential for growth.
promotes cells reproduction, tissue growth, repait and healing
part of 70+ enzymes
What is the function of iodine?
part of thyroxin.
regulates body's rate of energy use.
What is the function of copper?
helps make Hg.
present in many enzymes and helps cells produce enrgy
What is the function of selinium
antioxidant with Vit E to protect cells from cancer, heat disease and more.
What is the function of fluoride?
helps harden tooth enamel, protecting from decay
What is the function of chromium?
works with insulin to help body use glucose
What is the function of manganese?
part of many enzymes (rate deficiency)
What is the function of molybdenum?
works with riboflavin to incorporate iron into Hg (rare defficiency)
What results from a deficiency in thiamin?
beriber. fatigue, weak muscles and nerve damage. Wernicke-korsakoff
What results from a deficiency in riboflavin?
diarrhea, mental disorientation and skin problems. Glossitis and cheilosis
What results from a deficiency in niacin?
diarrhea, mental disorientation and skin problems.
What results from a deficiency in pyridoxine?
depression (you dont make seratonin from trp), nausea , mental convulsion in infants. greasy, flaky skin
What results from a deficiency in biotin?
heart abnormality, appetite loss, fatigue, depression and dry skin
What results from a deficiency in cyanocobalamin?
pernicious animea, fatigue, nerve damage, smooth tongue, skin sensitivity.
What results from a deficiency in folate?
impaired cells division and growth
megaloblastic anewma
risk of baby having neural tube defects
What results from a deficiency in vitamin C?
Scurvy
What results from a deficiency in vitamin A?
night blidness,
dry, caly skin;
problems with reproduction, poor growth and immunity
What results from a deficiency in vitamin D?
Osteoporosis and osteomalacia. Children can develop rickets
What results from a deficiency in vitamin K?
Thin blood with inadequate coagulation
What results from a deficiency in vitamin E?
NS problems. Anemia.
What results from a deficiency in calcium?
osteoporosis
What results from a deficiency in phosphorous?
bone loss, weakness, loss of appetite, pain.
What results from a deficiency in magnesium>?
irregular heart beat and mental derrangement
What results from a deficiency in iron
anemia, fatigue and infection
What results from a deficiency in zinc?
birth degects anbd retarded growth of child. appetite loss and decrease tast and smell. skin changes and reduced resistance to infection.
What results from a deficiency in iodine?
weight gain and goiter