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53 Cards in this Set

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Major dietary source of vitamin B1 (thymine)
pork, legumes, peanuts, whole grains
Major dietary source of niacin
nuts, meats, grains
Major dietary source of vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
dairy products, meats, enriched grains, vegetables
Major dietary source of vitamin B6 (pyroxidine)
meats, vegetables, whole grains
Major dietary source of pantothenic acid
most foods: meats, dairy products, whole grains, etc.
Major dietary source of folic acid (folacin)
green vegetables, oranges, nuts, legumes, whole grain (also made by colon bacteria)
Major dietary source of vitamin B12
meats, eggs, dairy products
Major dietary source of biotin
legumes, other vegetables, meats
Major dietary source of vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
fruits and vegetables, especially citrus fruits, broccoli, cabbage, tomatoes, green peppers
Major dietary source of vitamin A (retinol)
provitamin A (beta carotene) in deep green and orange vegetables and fruits; retinol in dairy products
Major dietary source of vitamin D
dairy products, egg yolk (also made in human skin in presence of sunlight)
Major dietary source of vitamin E (tocopherol)
vegetable oils, nuts, seeds
Major dietary source of vitamin K (phylloquinone)
green vegetables, tea (also made by colon bacteria)
Major body functions of vitamin B1 (thymine)
coenzyme used in removing CO2 from organic compounds
Major body functions of vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
component of coenzymes FAD and FMN
Major body functions of niacin
component of coenzymes NAD+ and NADP+
Major body functions of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
coenzyme used in amino acid metabolism
Major body functions of pantothenic acid
component of coenzyme A
Major body functions of folic acid (folacin)
coenzyme in nucleic acid and amino acid metabolism
Major body functions of vitamin B12
coenzyme in nucleic acid metabolism; needed for maturation of red blood cells
Major body functions of biotin
coenzyme in synthesis of fat, glycogen, and amino acids
Major body functions of vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
used in collagen synthesis (e.g. for bone, cartilage, gums); antioxidant; aids in detoxification; improves iron absorption
Major body functions of vitamin A (retinol)
component of visual pigments; needed for maintenance of epitheial tissues; antioxidant; helps prevent damage to lipids of cell membranes
Major body functions of vitamin D
aids in absorption and use of calcium and phosphorus
Major body functions of vitamin E (tocopherol)
antioxidant; helps prevent damage to lipids of cell membranes
Major body functions of vitamin K (phylloquinone)
important in blood clotting
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine)
beriberi (nerve disorders, emaciation, anemia)
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin B2 (riboflavin)
skin lesions such as cracks at corners of mouth
Symptoms of deficiency of niacin
skin and gastrointestinal lesions, nervous disorders
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
irritability, convulsions, muscular twitching, anemia
Symptoms of deficiency of pantothenic acid
fatigue, numbness, tingling of hands and feet
Symptoms of deficiency of folic acid (folacin)
anemia, gastrointestinal problems
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin B12
anemia, nervous system disorders
Symptoms of deficiency of biotin
scaly skin inflammation, neuromuscular disorders
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
scurvy (degeneration of skin, teeth, blood vessels), weakness, delayed wound healing, impaired immunity
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin A (retinol)
vision problems; dry, scaling skin
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin D
rickets (bone deformities) in children, bone softening in adult
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin E (tocopherol)
none well documented in humans; possibly anemia
Symptoms of deficiency of vitamin K (phylloquinone)
defective blood clotting
Symptoms of extreme excess of niacin
flushing of face and hands, liver damage
Symptoms of extreme excess of vitamin B6 (pyridoxine)
unstable gait, numb feet, poor coordination
Symptoms of extreme excess of folic acid (folacin)
may mask deficiency of vitamin B12
Symptoms of extreme excess of vitamin C (ascorbic acid)
gastrointestinal upset
Symptoms of extreme excess of vitamin A (retinol)
headache, irritability, vomiting, hair loss, blurred vision, liver and bone damage
Symptoms of extreme excess of vitamin K (phylloquinone)
liver damage and anemia
Thiamine
Vitamin B1
Riboflavin
Vitamin B2
Pyridoxine
Vitamin B6
Folacin
Folic acid
Ascorbic acid
Vitamin C
Retinol
Vitamin A
Tocopherol
Vitamin E
Phylloquinone
Vitamin K