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20 Cards in this Set

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The 5 Vital Signs are
pain
Temperature
Blood Pressure
Heart Rate/ Pulse Ox
Respiration
Temp values
98.6 - 99 F Older Adult avg 98.6

36 - 37 C 37 = 98.6
Blood Pressure
Normal
Pre HTN
HTN 1
HTN 2
Norm: <120 / <80
Pre HTN: 120-139 / 80-89
HTN 1: 140-159 / 90-99
HTN 2: >160 / >100
Heart Rate
Adult
Senior
Adult: 60 - 100 Avg 80

Senior: 60 - 100 Avg 70
Respiration
Adult
Senior
Adult: 12 - 20

Senior: 15 - 20

Avg for both is 16
Pulse Ox
SpO2 / SaO2

Normal
Trouble
95% to 100%

<70% life threatening

Low O2 can cause confusion
Temp Equation to find Fahrenheit
F= 1.8 (c) + 32
Temp Equation to find Celsius
C= F - 32/ 1.8
Why are Vital Signs important?
To monitor body functions
Reflect any changes
Evaluation tool for prior & present health status
Monitor baseline .vs. current trends (chk graph sheet)
What affects Vital Signs?
Smoking
Exercise
Obesity
Stress
Gender, age, & race
8 Pulse Sites
Temporal
Carotid
Brachial
Radial
Femoral
Popliteal
Posterior tibial
Dorsal pedis
4 Types of Fever
Intermittent
Remittent
Relapsing
Constant
Pyrexia
Body temp above usual range. (hyperthermia, fever)
Hyperpyrexia
Very high fever 105.8
Febrile
Fever, No fever is called Afebrile.
Peripheral Pulse
Pulse located away from the heart. (foot, wrist)
Apical pulse
is a centered pulse, located at the apex of the heart. Between 4 and 5th intercostal rib; left side of chest. (<60 BPM)
Tachycardia
Excessively fast heart rate. (over 100 BPM in an adult)
Bradycardia
Low heart rate. (less than 60 BPM)
Dysrhythmia or Arrhythmia
irregular rhythm (use apical pulse if noticed)