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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
apnea
absence of breathing
arrhythmia
irregular heartbeat
bounding pulse
full pulse
bradycardia
a slow heartbeat, pulse below 60 bpm
bradypnea
respirations that are regular in rhythm but slower than normal in rate
cerumen
earwax
COPD
chronic obstructive pulmonary disease - a progressive and irreversible lung condition that results in diminished lung capacity
diurnal rhythm
patterns of activity or behavior that follow day / night cycles
dyspnea
difficult or painful breathing
elastic pulse
pulse with regular alterations of weak and strong beats without changes in cycle
essential hypertension
elevated blood pressure of unknown cause that develops for no apparent reason
febrile
fever
homeostasis
internal adaptation and change in response to environmental factors
hyperlipidemia
excess of fats (lipids) in the blood plasma
hyperpnea
increase in the depth of breathing
hypertension
high blood pressure - consistently above 140/90
hyperventilation
abnormally prolonged and deep breathing usually associated with acute anxiety or emotional tension
hypotension
blood pressure that is consistently below normal - 90/50
intermittent pulse
pulse in which the beats are occasionally skipped
irregular pulse
pulse that varies in force and frequency
orthopnea
individual must sit or stand to breathe comfortably
orthostatic (postural) hypotension
temp. fall in blood pressure when a person rapidly changes from a recumbent position to a standing position
otitis externa
inflammation or infection of the outer ear
pulse deficit
the radial pulse is less than the apical pulse
pulse pressure
difference between the systolic and diastolic blood pressures (40 is normal)
rales
crackling breath sounds during inspiration
remittent fever
fever in which temp fluctuates greatly but never falls to the normal level
rhonchi
abnormal rumbling sounds on expiration that indicate airway obstruction by thick secretions
secondary hypertension
elevated blood pressure resulting from another condition
sinus arrhythmia
irregular heartbeat
spirometer
insturment that measures the volume of inhaled and exhaled air
stertorous
strenuous respiratory effort that has a snoring sound
syncope
fainting
tachycardia
rapid but regular heart rate exceeding 100 bpm
tachypnea
respirations that are rapid and shallow
thready pulse
pulse that is scarcely perceptible
unequal pulses
pulses in which the beats vary in intensity
vertigo
dizziness