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44 Cards in this Set

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Visual Fields
Area of the visual system that allows an individual to orient to specific spatial areas.
saccadic eye movement
Sequenced rapid eye movements that change the line of sight - jump eye movement.
smooth pursuit eye movements
Those movements that keep an image steady on the retina - visual scanning.
Diplopia
Double vision.
Convergence
Increase in the angle of the visual axes. The eyes ability to converge on the target as it moves closer
Visual Fixation
The ability to focus gaze on a specific stationary object or target
Organized Scanning
The ability to employ an organized and symmetrical strategy in scanning for visual information while the client is stationary
Visual Inattention
Condition in which there is decreased awareness of the body and spatial environment
Accommodation
The process by which the refractive of the eye changes to ensure for a clear image. The ability to focus the eyes as the distance between the individual and the object changes.
Visual Processing
It allows an individual to identify objects in space and to determine their movement. It also gives someone information about where their body is in space, the relation of the body part to another, and the motion of one’s own body.
Vestibular Processing
The function of the vestibular system is to signal changes in head position or motion by the pull of gravity.
Apraxia
Inability to perform certain skilled purposeful movements in the absence of loss of motor power, sensation, and coordination.
Ideomotor Apraxia
Inability to imitate gestures or perform a purposeful task on command even though the client fully understands the idea or concept of the task
Ideational Apraxia
Inability to carry out a sequence of motor acts that is caused by a disruption of the conception rather than the execution of the motor act.
Constructional Apraxia
The impairment in producing designs in two or three dimensions, copying, drawing, or construction either on command or spontaneously, which cannot be attributed to perceptual impairments, ideomotor apraxia, organizational impairments, or primary motor or sensory impairment.
Dressing Apraxia
The inability to dress oneself because of a disorder in body scheme and/or spatial relations.
Body Scheme
The representation of the spatial relations among the parts of the body.
Autotopagnosia
Disturbance of body scheme.
Unilateral Body Neglect
The inability to integrate and use perceptions from one (usually left) side of the body.
Right-Left Discrimination
The selective incapacity to apply the right-left discrimination to symmetrical parts of the body. It is a specific disorder of spatial orientation confined to the sagittal plane of the client’s body.
Finger Agnosia
Inability to recognize and knowing which finger is being touch.
Form Discrimination
The ability to distinguish different types of forms.
Depth Perception (Stereopsis)
The ability to judge depth and distance.
Figure-Ground Perception
The ability to distinguish the foreground from the background.
Spatial Relations
The ability to perceive the position of two or more objects in relation to the self and to each other.
Topographical disorientation
The inability to follow a familiar route or a new route once it has become familiar.
Visual Object Agnosia
The inability to recognize objects presented visually, although the primary visual skills such as acuity are intact.
Tactile Agnosia
Inability to recognize objects through touch although tactile, thermal, and proprioceptive functions are still intact.
Orientation
Recognition of one's self with regard to time, place, and person within one's personal environment.
Attention
An active process that helps to determine which sensations and experiences are alerting and relevant to the individual; means by which one can orient in order to receive incoming information.
Sensory Memory
First phase of an individual's information processing. It is short term. It is generally broken down into iconic or sensory and echoic or auditory sensory memory.
Perceptual Memory
____________ is acquired through the sense & comprises all that is commonly understood as personal memory.
Working Memory
A temporary storage & manipulation of information.
Declarative Memory
_________ memory enables conscious recollection of past facts and events.
Nondeclarative Memory
Information that is learned or acquired during the development of skill learning.
Long Term Memory
Holds a unlimited amount of information in a permanent state for hours or years.
Initiation
Starting a task or activity
Planning & Organization
__________ can be defined as the attainment of a goal through a series of intermediate steps that do not necessarily lead directly toward that goal. It includes the ability to organize steps to complete an action, prepare for setbacks in carrying out the plan, assemble needed materials and the skills to carry out the plan.
Problem solving
Integration of several cognitive skills that are used to take down barriers towards a goal.
Decision making
Form of problem solving for which the problem is to choose from several options to make a decision.
Categorization
Assignment of objects, people or events into groups based on commonalities.
Mental Flexibility
The ability to initiate, stop, and switch actions depending on feedback form the environment related to those actions.
Abstraction
Ability to conceptualize and make inferences from information.
Generalization & Transfer
The ability to use a newly learned strategy in a novel situation.