Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/46

Click to flip

46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
MICROSPORUM
TRICHOPHYTAN
EPIDERMORPHYTAN-FUNGUS
1
CLASSIFICATION OF FUNGI THAT CAUSES RINGWORM
AKA- TINEA
SEEK KERATIN
TINEA CAPITIS(SCALP)TINEA CRURIS(GROIN) TINEA UNGUIUM(NAILS)TINEA COPORIS(BODY)
LEISHMANIA-PROTOZOA


2
CAUSES LEISHMANIASIS-LARGE SKIN LESIONS
TRANSMITTED BY SAN FLY BITING A HOST
COMMON IN TROPICAL REGIONS AND AFRICA
ONCHOCERCA VOLVULUS-HELMINTH


3
CAUSES RIVER BLINDNESS
AFRICA,ASIA MILLIONS AFFECTED
BLACK FLIES TRANSMIT
WORMS INVADE EYES-DESTORYING RETINA,OPTIC NERVES
DRUG TREATMENT AVAILIBLE
CRYPTOCOCCUS NEOFORMANS- FUNGUS

4
CAUSES MENINGGITIS
BIRD DROPPINGS HAVE HIGH LEVELS
ENTERS RESPIRATORY TRACT
IN IMMUNE COMPROMISED PEOPLE IT ENTERS THE BLOODSTREM,MENINGES AND BRAIN
COCCIDIODES IMMITIS-FUNGUS


5
FOUND IN SOIL
TRUE PATHOGEN RATHER THAN OPPORTUNISTIC
BEGINS AS A PULMONARY INFECTION
SW US
MOST DO NOT NEED TX- IMMUNOCOMPROMISED DO
NAEGLERIA FOWLERI-PROTOZOA


6
MENINGOENCEPHALITIS
SWIMMING IN CONTAMINATED WATER
MIGRATES TO BRAIN FROM NASAL PASSAGE
RAPID COMA AND DEATH
TOXOPLASMA GONDII-PROTOZOA


7
ENCEPHALITIS
VERY COMMON PROTOZA
CAT FECES
ASYMPTOMATIC
DANGEROUS TO PREGNANT WOMEN 33% CHANCE OF PASSING IT TO FETUS
TRYPANOSOMA BRUCEI-PROTOZOA


8
AFRICIAN SLEEPING SICKNESS
40,000 NEW CASES A YEAR
TRANSMITTED BY TSETSE FLY
FEVER, SWOLLEN LYMPH NODES, PAIN
ANTIGENIC SHIFT
TX IF CAUGHT EARLY
PLASMODIUM FALCIPARUM-PROTOZA


9
MALARIA
MOST VIRULENT FORM
TRANSMITTED BY ANOPHELES MOSQUITO
MIGRATES TO LIVER-ASEXUALLY DIVIDES HERE
PNEUMOCYTIS JIROVECI-FUNGUS


10
PCP-PNEUMOCYSTIC PNEUMONIA
CAN BE FOUND IN HEATHLY HUMANS LUNGS A PROBELM IN IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PEOPLE
MOST PEOPLE EXPOSED BY 3-4 YEARS OLD
HISTOPLASMA CAPSULATUM-FUNGUS


11
NORMALLY SUBCLINICAL PULMONARY INFECTION
WILL CONTINUE TO GROW IN MACROPHAGES AND CARRY TO OTHER BODY SITES
HARMFUL IN IMMUNOCOMPRISED PEOPLE
OHIO VALLEY- MOIST SOIL-80% POP. SHOW PRIOR INFECTION
ASPERGILLUS
RHIZOPUS
MUCOR- FUNGI
12
OPPORTUNISTIC FUNGI
CAUSES RESPIRATORY DISEASE IF INHALED
GIARDIA LAMBLIA-PROTOZOA


13
GASTRORENTERITISIS- USUALLY NO FEVER
FOUND IN CONTAMINATED WATER
BOILING AND IODINE CAN KILL
TX AVAILBLE BUT NOT NECESSARY
CRYPTOSPORIDIUM PARVUM-PROTOZOA


14
GASTROENTERITIS
FECAL-ORAL ROUTE
MILWAUKEE OUTBREAK
USUALLY NO TX
CYCLOSPORA-PROTOZOA


14
GASTROENTERITIS
FECAL-ORAL ROUTE
OUTBREAKS IN CANADA-US
COOKING AND FREEZING WILL KILL
ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA- PROTOZOA

15
INTESTINAL WALL DESTRUTION- ENZYMATIC
PERFORATIONS CAN RESULT
TRANSMITTED BY FOOD AND DRINK CONTAINING CYSTS
100,00 DEATHS A YEAR
TRICHINELLA- HELMINTHS


16
CAUSES TRICHONOSIS
ASYMPTOMATIC TO LIFE THREATING
EATING PORK WOTH CYST EMBEDDED
LARVA PENETRATE INTESTINE, FORM CYST IN SKELETAL MUSCLES
ASCARIS LUMBRICOIDES-HELMINTHS


17
MOST COMMON WORM INFECTION
CONTAMMINATED FOOD AND WATER
PENERATE INTESTIONAL WALL AND ENTERS LYMPH AND CIR, SYSTEMS
CAN GROW 18 INCHES LONG
TRICHURIS TRICHIURA- HELMINTH


18
LOCALIZED HEMORRHAGE OF BOWELS, CAN CAUSE RECTAL PROLAPSE
AKA- WHIPWORM
SCHISTOSOMA MANSONI- HELMINTH
BLOOD FLUKE
CHRONIC INFECTION- ENLARGED LIVER AND SPLEEN OR BLADDER OBSTRUTION
HUMANS TRANSMIT BY DEFECATING OR URINATING IN WATER
CANDIDA ALBICANS- FUNGI
OPPORTUNISTIC YEAST INFECTION
PART OF NORMAL FLORA
WHITE VAGINAL DISCHARGE
CAN GO SYSTEMIC IN THOSE IMMUNOCOMPROMISED PEOPLE
ORAL THRUSH- INFANTS
TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS- PROTOZOA
ASYMPTOMATIC IN 50% OF FEMALES
MAY CAUSE SYMPTOMS IN SOME
EASILY TRANSMITTED BY SEX
CHICKENPOX
TRANSMITTED BY REPIRATORY ROUTE
SHINGLES- LATENT VIRUSE IN NERVE CELLS
VARICELLA VIRUS
RASH BEGINS ON FACE AND SCALP MOVES DOWNWARD
SMALLPOX
VARIOLA VIRUS
RASH BEGINS IN THE MOUTH, SEVERE ABDOMINAL PAIN, RASH WITHIN 24HRS ON ENTIRE BODY
LESIONS FILL WITH FLUID.
ERADIACATED BY VACCINE
TRANSMITTED- RESPIRATORY
MEASLES VIRUS
ORAL LESIONS-KOPLIK SPOTS
CONTAGIOUS-REPIRARTORY DROPLETS
1 MILLION CHILDERN DIE WORLDWIDE
CAN LEAD TO SECONDARY INFECTIONS- EAR INFECTIONS, PNEMONIA
MMR VACCINE
RUBELLA VIRUS
USUALLY MILD INFECTION AND RASH
RESPIRARTORY ROUTE OF TRANSMISSION
MAY BE ASYMPTOMATIC- SLIGHT FEVER, AND RASH
CAN AFFECT FETUS IN FIRST TRIMESTER- MOST SERIOUS FORM OF DISEASE
PAPILLOMAVIRUS
WARTS
SEVERAL HPV
SPREAD BY DIRECT CONTACT- VACCINE AVAILBLE IF CAUGHT PRIOR TO EXPOSURE
ROSEOLA
CAUSED BY STRAIN OF HUMAN HERPES VIRUS
RASH-VERY HIGH FEVER
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS
COLD SORES WHEN MUCOSAL CELLS ARE AFFECTED
ORAL & RESPIRATORY ROUTE
RABIES
RHABDOVIRUS
USUALLY FATAL ENCPHALITIS
TRANSMITTED BY BITES-SCRATCHES
ATTACKS NERVES,BRAIN- SEIZURES,TWITCHES,AGITATION, DISORIENTATION, HYDROPHOBIA
POSTEXSPOSURE TREATMENT INVOLVES INTRAMUSCLAR INJECTIONS OF HUMAN RABIES IMMUNE GLOBULIN
POLIOVIRUS
POLIOMYELITIS- ATTACKS SPINAL CORD
LESS THAN 1% CAUSES PARALYSIS
TRANSMITTED BY CONTAMINATED WATER BY FECAL MATTER
SALK VACCINE IS AVAILBLE
SABIN VACCINE- ORAL
ARBOVIRUSES
TRANSMITTED BY ARTHROPOD VECTORS( MOSQUITOS,SAND FLIES,FLEAS, TICKS, LICE)
MAY RESULT IN ENCPHELITIS
WEST NILE, ST. LOUIS, EASTERN EQUINE
NO EFFECTIVE TX- MORE IMP. TO CONTROL ARTHROPODS
EPSTEIN-BARR VIRUS
MONONUCLEOSIS- SORE THROAT, HIGH FEVER,MALAISE
INGESTION OF SALIVA FROM INFECTED PERSON
BURKITTS LYMPHOMA AND NASELPHARYNGEAL CANGER
CYTOMEGALOVIRUS(CMV)
PRODUCES "GIANT CELLS"- FORM OF HERPES VIRUS
LATENT IN HOST CELL
MAY BE PRESENT IN IMMUNOCOMPROMISED
CAN CAUSE FETAL/NEWBORN PROBELMS
HEMORRHAGIC FEVERS
EBOLA VIRUS-YELLOW FEVER- DENGUE FEVER
EXTREME FEVER, SOMETIMES INTERNAL BLEEDING
EBOLA-25-100% MORTALITY
RESPIRATORY SYNCYTIAL VIRUS
MOST COMMON CAUSE OF PNEUMONIA IN INFANTS
MOST PEOPLE EXPOSED BY AGE 2
INFLUENZAVIRUS
CAUSES THE FLU, SORE THROAT- EXTREME FATIGUE
H(HEMAGGLUTININ) AND N( NEURAMINIDASE)
OFTEN RESULTS IN SECONDARY BACTERIAL INFECTION THAT MAY CAUSE DEATH
HANTAVIRUS
1993 SEVERAL CASES REPORTED IN SW
33% MORALITY
DUST CONTAMINATED WITH URINE, FECES, SALIVA OR RODENTS
HEMORRHAGIC FEVER, RENAL SYSTEM AFFECTED
RHINOVIRUSES
50% OF COMMON COLDS
SARS( SEVERE ACUTE REPIRATORY SYNDROME)
2003 WHO GLOBAL WARNING
DIRECT OR DROPLET TRANSMISSION
9% MORTALITY
MUMPS VIRUS
ENTERS TROUGH RESPIRATORY TRACT
INFLAMMATION OF PARATID GLANDS, CAN AFFECT TESTIS
VACCINE(MMR) AVAILABLE
ROTAVIRUS
VIRAL GASTROENTERITIS
1 MILLION CASES A YEAR IN US
FECAL- ORAL ROUTE
YOUNG INFANTS MOST AT RISK
HEPATITIS(715-718)
HEPATITIS A VIRUSE- 50% ARE SUBCLINICAL- CONTAMINATED FOOD OR WATER, SPREADS TO LIVER
HEP. B- SERIOUS, TRANSMITTED THROUGH SYRINGES,SALIVA,BREAST
MILK , SEMEN
HEP. C- TRAMSMITTED FROM BLOOD- CAUSES CHRONIC HEPATITIS- SILENT EPIDEMIC- 4 MILLION US VARIABLE SYMPTOMS
HERPES SIMPLEX VIRUS 2
GENITAL HERPES- LESION, ETC
NEONATAL HERPES
HUMAN PAPILLOMARVIRUS ( HPV)
GENITAL WARTS- MAY OR MAY NOT BE PRESENT
CERVICAL CANCER- GARDASIL
DIFFERENT FORMS, MOST PEOPLE INFECTED
HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS( HIV)
ASYMPTOMATIC
LEADS TO AIDS