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107 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Type of Genome for Parvoviridae
very stable ssDNA
Type of Genome for Papovaviridae
(warts)
stable dsDNA
episome (no provirus)
Type of Genome for Adenoviridae
dsDNA
Type of Genome for Poxviridae
Stable and independent dsDNA
Type of Genome for Herpesviridae
dsDNA
episome or provirus
Type of Genome for Asfarviridae
Heat labile dsDNA
Type of Genome for Retroviridae
ssRNA
provirus and episome
Type of Genome for Rhabdoviridae
ssRNA
Type of Genome for Orthomyxoviridae
labile Segmented ssRNA
Is Parvoviridae Enveloped?
No
Is Papovaviridae Enveloped?
No
Is Adenoviridae Enveloped?
No
Is Poxviridae Enveloped?
Yes and No
Is Herpesviridae Enveloped?
Yes
Is Asfarviridae Enveloped?
Yes
Is Retroviridae Enveloped?
Yes
Is Rhabdoviridae Enveloped?
Yes
Is Orthomyxoviridae Enveloped?
Yes
What is the capsid morphology of Parvoviridae?
Icosahedral
What is the capsid morphology of Papovaviridae?
Icosahedral
What is the capsid morphology of Adenoviridae?
Icosahedral
What is the capsid morphology of Poxviridae?
Complex and non-Symmetrical (brick shaped or ovoid virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Herpesviridae?
Icosahedral (pleomorphic virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Asfarviridae?
Icosahedral (spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Retroviridae?
Spherical to rod shaped helical (spherical virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Rhabdoviridae?
Helical (bullet shaped virion)
What is the capsid morphology of Orthomyxoviridae?
Helical (Spherical or filamentous virion)
What is the size of Parvoviridae?
Small
What is the size of Papovaviridae?
Small
What is the size of Adenoviridae?
Medium
What is the size of Poxviridae?
Extra Large (largest)
What is the size of Herpesviridae?
Large
What is the size of Asfarviridae?
Extra Large
What is the size of Retroviridae?
Medium
What is the size of Rhabdoviridae?
Medium
What is the size of Orthomyxoviridae?
Medium
How does Parvoviridae enter the cell?
R-M Endocytosis
How does Papovaviridae enter the cell?
R-M Endocytosis
How does Adenoviridae enter the cell?
Fiber-cell receptor attachment or endocytosis
How does Poxviridae enter the cell?
Fusion or R-M Endocytosis
How does Herpesviridae enter the cell?
Fusion or R-M Endocytosis
How does Asfarviridae enter the cell?
R-M Endocytosis
How does Retroviridae enter the cell?
R-M Endocytosis
How does Rhabdoviridae enter the cell?
Fusion or R-M Endocytosis
How does Orthomyxoviridae enter the cell?
R-M Endocytosis
Where does Parvoviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus
Where does Papovaviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus
Where does Adenoviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus
Where does Poxviridae replicate in the cell?
Cytoplasm
Where does Herpesviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus
Where does Asfarviridae replicate in the cell?
Cytoplasm
Where does Retroviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus and Cytoplasm
Where does Rhabdoviridae replicate in the cell?
Cytoplasm
Where does Orthomyxoviridae replicate in the cell?
Nucleus (eclipse) and Cytoplasm (maturation)
What kind of inclusion bodies does Parvoviridae have?
Nuclear
What kind of inclusion bodies does Papovaviridae have?
None
What kind of inclusion bodies does Adenoviridae have?
Nuclear
What kind of inclusion bodies does Poxviridae have?
Cytoplasmic
What kind of inclusion bodies does Herpesviridae have?
Nuclear
What kind of inclusion bodies does Asfarviridae have?
Cytoplasmic
What kind of inclusion bodies does Retroviridae have?
None
What kind of inclusion bodies does Rhabdoviridae have?
May or may not have Cytoplasmic Inclusion bodies
What kind of inclusion bodies does Orthomyxoviridae have?
None
How is Parvoviridae released from the cell?
Cytolysis
How is Papovaviridae released from the cell?
Cytolysis
How is Adenoviridae released from the cell?
Cytolysis
How is Poxviridae released from the cell?
Budding from Golgi, exocytosis or cytolysis
How is Herpesviridae released from the cell?
Exocytosis (fusion) or cytolysis
How is Asfarviridae released from the cell?
Budding PM
How is Retroviridae released from the cell?
Budding PM
How is Rhabdoviridae released from the cell?
Budding PM or cytolysis (VSV is both)
How is Orthomyxoviridae released from the cell?
Budding PM
What is the cell tropism for Parvoviridae?
Cells with high mitotic rate (GI, WBC)
What is the cell tropism for Papovaviridae?
Surface (integument) and Mucosal (digestive, U/G) epithelium
What is the cell tropism for Adenoviridae?
Epithelial Cells (especially respiratory and enteric)
What is the cell tropism for Poxviridae?
Epithelial Cells (permissive) and macrophages (semi-permissive)
What is the cell tropism for Herpesviridae?
Varies with disease: Mucosal surfaces of respiratory or U/G, lymphoid tissue
What is the cell tropism for Asfarviridae?
Lymphoreticular tissue (especially macrophages)
What is the cell tropism for Retroviridae?
WBC's (Macrophages, B & T cell stems cells, lymphocytes)
What is the cell tropism for Rhabdoviridae?
Depends on disease: epithelium only (VSV), neurons, secretory epithelium (rabies)
What is the cell tropism for Orthomyxoviridae?
Respiratory Epithelium (birds and mammals), GI (birds) Sialic acid and cell restriction
What is the incubation period for Parvoviridae?
Short (2-10 days)
What is the incubation period for Papovaviridae?
Short in permissive; Long in semi or non-permissive
What is the incubation period for Adenoviridae?
Long (weeks)
What is the incubation period for Poxviridae?
Short (<7 days); Shorter than papilloma viruses
What is the incubation period for Herpesviridae?
Depends on Disease
What is the incubation period for Asfarviridae?
5-15 days
What is the incubation period for Retroviridae?
not specified
What is the incubation period for Rhabdoviridae?
Neurons = 14-90 days; Epithelium = 1-5 days
What is the incubation period for Orthomyxoviridae?
Short (a few days or even 1 hour with virulent avian)
What is the mode of transmission for Parvoviridae?
Horizontal (O/F, fomites) and Vertical (transplacental)
What is the mode of transmission for Papovaviridae?
Horizontal (direct contact: skin and mucous membranes)
What is the mode of transmission for Adenoviridae?
Horizontal: O/F, respiratory, urine
What is the mode of transmission for Poxviridae?
Horizontal - direct contact (skin, respiratory-systemic, mechanical vectors)
What is the mode of transmission for Herpesviridae?
Horizontal (direct contact, lactogenic, blood) or vertical (transplacental)
What is the mode of transmission for Asfarviridae?
Horizontal (respiratory, soft tick, O/F, infected pork)
What is the mode of transmission for Retroviridae?
Horizontal and vertical: immune response mediated
What is the mode of transmission for Rhabdoviridae?
Horizontal (skin or mucosal lesions)
What is the mode of transmission for Orthomyxoviridae?
Horizontal (respiratory-aerosols, orofecal-birds)
What are the main diseases caused by Parvoviridae?
Immunosuppression, GI: FPV, CPV, PPV
What are the main diseases caused by Papovaviridae?
Episomes - productive or non-productive papillomas (warts, GI or U/G)
What are the main diseases caused by Adenoviridae?
persistently productive, subclinical to acute mild respiratory or enteric to systemic: ICH (CAV-1)
What are the main diseases caused by Poxviridae?
(systemic) Septicemia -> viremia -> dissem. Infection of skin and internal organs (Cowpox, Orf, Pseudocowpox, Fowlpox)
What are the main diseases caused by Asfarviridae?
African Swine Fever (non-neutralizing Ab's)
What are the main diseases caused by Retroviridae?
Persistent/Productive/Latent transformation: ALV/ASV, bovine leukemia, FIV, FeLV, FeSV, EIA, Visna/Maedi, OPP, CAEV
What are the main diseases caused by Rhabdoviridae?
Rabies, Vesicular stomatitis
What are the main diseases caused by Orthomyxoviridae?
Influenza (avian "fowl plague," swine, equine)