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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
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Virginia Plan
Bicameral legislation based on each state's population
New Jersey Plan
called for a one-house Congress in which each state had equal representation.
3/5 Compromise
Slaves were considered 3/5 of a person when determining the state population
Census
process of obtaining information about every member of a population
Federalists
Supporters of the Constitution and a strong central government;they were mostly wealthy and opposed anarchy. Their leaders included Jay, Hamilton, and Madison, who wrote the Federalist Papers in support of the Constitution
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Antifederalists
Opponents of the Constitution ;mostly commoners who were afraid of strong central government and being taken advantage of. They included Patrick Henry and Samuel Adams.
Connecticut Compromise
decided on 2 senators and a House of Representation based on population
Federalist Papers
series of 85 essays written by Hamilton, Madison and Jay
Alexander Hamilton
strong Federalist and was killed in a duel
John Jay
nominated as Chief Justice by Washington and which gave us the 11th Amendment and helped with the Federalist Papers
James Madison
co-author, with John Jay and Alexander Hamilton, of the Federalist Papers, and is traditionally regarded as the Father of the United States Constitution
Bill of Rights
Pushed by the Anti-Federalists and told of the rights given to all Americans in the Constitution
Judiciary Act of 1789
Set because of Marbury vs. Madison and it established the U.S. federal judiciary
Executive Departments
departments such as State, Treasury, War etc.
Attorney General
position is the main legal adviser to the government and in some jurisdictions may in addition have executive responsibility for law enforcement or responsibility for public prosecutions
Department of State
the Cabinet-level foreign affairs agency of the United States government, equivalent to foreign ministries in other countries. It is administered by the United States Secretary of State.
Department of Treasury
is a Cabinet department and the treasury of the United States government. It was established by an Act of U.S. Congress in 1789 to manage the revenue of the United States government.
Department of War
department of the United States government's executive branch responsible for the operation and maintenance of land (and later air) forces from 1789 until 18 September 1947