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52 Cards in this Set

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General Westmoreland
MACV commander from 1964-1968; search and destroy; served as US Army Chief of Staff from 1968-1972; advocate of the war of attrition; instrumental in raising the level of US forces in Vietnam
Henry Kissinger
decisions focused on keeping Nixon in power, not on benefiting the US; implemented Vietnamization; National Security Advisor and Secretary of State in Nixon administration; increase air power; seeks aid from China and USSR
General Abrams
President Nixon; architect of Vietnamization; war of attrition; expansion of airwar; implemented the Nixon Doctrine (Vietnamization)
Melvin Laird
Secretary of Defense under Nixon (1961-1968); opposed Cambodian invasion; resigned after sieze fire in 1973; not corrupt; coined the term Vietnamization
Robert McNamara
Secretary of Defense under Kennedy and Johnson; war of attrition; provde a weapon for every human problem; blamed domino theory; over confident; created plan for Rolling Thunder; air war
Hamburger Hill
battle on border of Laos and South Vietnam; gather info about enemy; May 1969; Dong Ap Bia; 70 US troops died, pressure to reduce US deaths and increase VC deaths; covered by media; raised many questions
Nguyen Cao Ky
Vice President; head of the airforce; came under power after Diem; Air Vice Marshal; focused on eliminating corruption; transported drugs; opium trade
Nguyen Van Thieu
corrupt; highly centralized; President; advocated "4 No's"; made it difficult to have peace talks; uncooperative; didn't feel the need to honor the seize fire agreements; in power from 1967-1975
Norodom Sihanouk
Couldn't stop the North Vietnamese from using Cambodia as a passageway; prince of Cambodia; supported US bombing; overthrown by Lon Nol
Khe Sanh
US focused troops here; reverse damage done at Dien Bien Phu; Westmoreland ignored the fact that Khe Sanh was not the number one priority; therefore, US wasn't prepared for Tet
Hamburger Hill
battle on border of Laos and South Vietnam; gather info about enemy; May 1969; Dong Ap Bia; 70 US troops died, pressure to reduce US deaths and increase VC deaths; covered by media; raised many questions
Hamburger Hill
battle on border of Laos and South Vietnam; gather info about enemy; May 1969; Dong Ap Bia; 70 US troops died, pressure to reduce US deaths and increase VC deaths; covered by media; raised many questions
Nguyen Cao Ky
Vice President; head of the airforce; came under power after Diem; Air Vice Marshal; focused on eliminating corruption; transported drugs; opium trade
Nguyen Van Thieu
corrupt; highly centralized; President; advocated "4 No's"; made it difficult to have peace talks; uncooperative; didn't feel the need to honor the seize fire agreements; in power from 1967-1975
Nguyen Cao Ky
Vice President; head of the airforce; came under power after Diem; Air Vice Marshal; focused on eliminating corruption; transported drugs; opium trade
Norodom Sihanouk
Couldn't stop the North Vietnamese from using Cambodia as a passageway; prince of Cambodia; supported US bombing; overthrown by Lon Nol
Nguyen Van Thieu
corrupt; highly centralized; President; advocated "4 No's"; made it difficult to have peace talks; uncooperative; didn't feel the need to honor the seize fire agreements; in power from 1967-1975
Khe Sanh
US focused troops here; reverse damage done at Dien Bien Phu; Westmoreland ignored the fact that Khe Sanh was not the number one priority; therefore, US wasn't prepared for Tet
Norodom Sihanouk
Couldn't stop the North Vietnamese from using Cambodia as a passageway; prince of Cambodia; supported US bombing; overthrown by Lon Nol
Khe Sanh
US focused troops here; reverse damage done at Dien Bien Phu; Westmoreland ignored the fact that Khe Sanh was not the number one priority; therefore, US wasn't prepared for Tet
Clark Clifford
Domono effect was not an issue; told Johnson to refuse Westmoreland's request for more troops; Secretary of Defense under Johnson in 1968
Lt. Calley
Only one convicted for My Lai; March 1968 - led the My Lai Massacre
Robert Kerrey
Responsible for the atrocities at Thanh Phong; many conflicting stories
Pathet Lao
Communist party of Laos; occupied the Plain of Jars; US fought heavily
Plain of Jars
most bombed place in Laos; secret war; lost many refugess
Royal Laotian Army
fought with US during secret war in Laos
Watergate
1972-1974; Nixon administration responsible for breaking into the headquarters of the Democratic National Committee; tapped phone lines; Nixon was impeached and resigned
Nguyen Ngoc Loan
ARVN general; executed Nguyen Van Lem in front of NBC camera man
Lon Nol
Overthrew Sihanouk; fought Khmer Rouge; Cambodian politician; tried to get the Vietnamese out of Cambodia; allowed the US to continue bombing secretly
Khmer Issarak
nationalists; group broke eventually; one sector became Communist; formed in teh 1950s in opposition to French colonialism
Khieu Samphan
Cambodian official; leader of the Khmer Rouge movement; leader of Cambodian government after the overthrow of Sihanouk
Vo Nguyen Giap
General of PAVN
Pol Pot
ruler of the Khmer Rouge and Prime Minister of Cambodia; 1976-1979; attempted to purify the country in attempts to step closer to Communism; killed up to 3 million Cambodians through genocide; torture
Hen Samrin
leader after Pol Pot; installed by the Vietnamese in 1979
Van Tien Dung
head of the Vietnamese Communist party; replaced Vo Nguyen Giap in 1975 as VPA Commander (Vietnam People's Army)
Le Duc Tho
dealt with Kissinger during the Paris Peace Accords; awarded the Nobel Prize, but refused to accept it cuz the country was not at peace yet
War Powers Act
1973; limits the power of the President of the US to wage war without the approval of Congress; due to the fact that many times during the Vietnam War, the US found itself fighting undeclared wars
Pham Van Dong
associate of Ho Chi Minh; prime minister of North Vietnam from 1955-1976; tried to keep neutral position; kept him in power for so long; Ho's greatest follower; ally with China
Le Duan
Vietnamese Communist leader; took Ho's place after his death in 1969
Tran Huu Thanh
1973-1975; Catholic priest that united with Buddhists
VVAW
Vietnam Veterans against the War
Daniel Ellsberg
1971/ produced the Pentagon Papers in the New York Times druing June of 1971; awakened the American people to how much they had been deceived by their own government about the war (war would not be won; many unnecessary lives would be lost)
COSVN
Central Office for South Vietnam; North Vietnamese headquarters in command of the Communist efforts in South Vietnam; difficult to locate; always moving; perhaps even nonexistent
Kent State
May 4, 1970; brought the war home for Americans; increased violence at home and on the battlefields; iconic image of the antiwar movement; context: secret war in Cambodia was exposed; 4 students killed by the Ohio National Guard; led to student strike across the nation (8 million students)
Paris Peace Accords
1973; supposed to end the Vietnam War; signed by governments from the US, North Vietnam and South Vietnam; led to the end of US involvement in Vietnam, but failed to end the war
Seymour Hersh
exposed the My Lai Massacre as well as the attempts of the government to cover it up; 1969; reduced support for the Vietnam War in the US; fueled antiwar movement
Hue
former modern capital of Vietnam; near the border between North and South Vietnam; badly damaged during the Tet Offensive
CORDS
Civil Operations, Revolutionary Development Support program
Vang Pao
American allied Hmong military leader; opposed Communisdt government of Laos; part of the secret army
War Boards
fail war boards, get drafted; targeted college students who failed; pre-1968
Cointelpro
Counter Intelligence Program; investigated disrupted dissident political organizations within the US
Christmas Bombings
1972; bombing of North Vietnam that took place over North Vietnam; in response to Hanoi balking at peace talks