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51 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is the leading cause of blindness and visual disability?
Diabetic Retinopathy
What is the effect of diabetes mellitus?
Damage to the small blood vessels in the retina, resulting in loss of vision
What is strabismus?
Crossed eyes
What is nystagmus?
involundtary, rhythmical repetitive eye movment in 1 or both eyes
What is the aphakia
The absence of lens to due removal, wound, ulcer or congenital anomaly
what are the effects of aphakia?
loss of accomodation, hyperopia and a deep anterior chamber
What are complications of aphakia?
detachment of the vietrous or retina and glaucoma
What is the proper treatment for aphakia?
a strong convex lens and possible contacts
What is retinits pigmentosa?
degneration of the retina
what is the result of RP?
tunnel vision
Where does RP start?
a the rods in the mid periperal and moves inwards
What does Idea ensure?
Free and appropriate eucation in the least restricutve environment
How long do you have to make sure the parents sign the IEP?
30 days
As a teacher of studnets with visual impairments, what is your job responsibility?
to interact with gen ed teachers
what is the next step for parents after mediation if they are not satisefied with the IEP?
a due process hearing
Why should you make a large attempt to meet the needs fo rhte students and parents rather than giong to a due process hearing?
litigation is costly
When workign with a parapro should you show them the eye report?
no, show them hos to use low vision devices the student is working with
what does the oregon project for VI preschoolers assess?
8 areas of skills: cognitive, social, language, vision, compenstory, self help, gross and fine motor
if you are observing how do you determing the antecedent behavior and the consequence?
see what causes the behavior (activator/antecedent) what the reaction or behavior is and the consequence
in antecedent behavior consequence, what are the four consequences?
+ reinforcement, - reinforcement, extinction or punishment
What are the 7 categories of standardized tests for vI students?
intelligence, presonality, vocational, socail, interest inventory, acheivement, discrimination
what are some tests that are made specifically for VI students?
program to develop efficeny in Vision fucationing: diagnotic assessment proecdure, Body image of blind children, braille test, color tests, blind learning aptitude test (BLAT)
what are some continuing informatl assessments?
inverviews and quetionnaires
observations
checklists
notebooks
environmental assessments
curriculum based assessment
diagnostic teaching
portfolios
how do SXI students learn?
different modalities
why is reading introduced to students when they are six?
becuase before that time they do not have the ability to track properly
at what age can a child see clearly?
six months
what age can a child see colors?
4 months full color
how might a person with a restrictive visual field move?
they may move their head back and forth
what happens when a student is reading and they jump from line to line?
increase the font size and put more space in between
if you are adappting a faint worksheet what should you do?
go over it with black felt tip pen
at what age can a child see clearly?
six months
what age can a child see colors?
4 months full color
how might a person with a restrictive visual field move?
they may move their head back and forth
what happens when a student is reading and they jump from line to line?
increase the font size and put more space in between
if you are adappting a faint worksheet what should you do?
go over it with black felt tip pen
at what age can a child see clearly?
six months
what age can a child see colors?
4 months full color
how might a person with a restrictive visual field move?
they may move their head back and forth
what happens when a student is reading and they jump from line to line?
increase the font size and put more space in between
if you are adappting a faint worksheet what should you do?
go over it with black felt tip pen
what do you do if you a recopying a yellow paper?
cover it with a see through green sheet
what is helpful when teaching a studnet who is having trouble reading from left to right?
patterns
what is RFB? what is it's purpose?
recording for the blind - record books on tape
what is LOC? what is it's purpose?
Library of Congress
provide materials in loans recorded and braille books and magazines, music scores in braille and large print, and specially designed playback equipment to residents of the United States who are unable to read or use standard print materials because of visual or physical impairment.
what is APH? what is it's purpose?
american printing hosue for the blind
promotes independence of blind and visually impaired persons by providing specialized materials, products, and services needed for education and life.
What is MCB? What do they do?
The Michigan Commission for the Blind (MCB) serves approximately 4,500 blind persons each year through its programs: Vocational Rehabilitation Services, Independent Living Services, DeafBlind Services, Youth Services, the Business Enterprise Program, and the MCB Training Center
what is a monocular?
monocular is a modified refracting telescope used to magnify the images of distant objects by passing light through a series of lenses and prisms; the use of prisms results in a lightweight telescope
what are the benefits of a monocular?
lightweight, easy to carry
what are the disadvantages of a monocular?
restricted visual field, takes longer to copy, break easy
what do you do if the child is not able to navigate indoors successfully?
work on forward, backwards and lateral or cane skills
how do you teach a studnet about itesm that are too large to feel or understand?
by using the part-whole method