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66 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Flat bones
skull, mandible
Short Bones
Phalanges, Caudal vertebra
Long Bones
Humerous, Femur
Connects one bone to another, connective tissue bands.
Ligament
Protruberances on bones which are usually for the attachment of muscles
Tuberosity, Tubercle, Trochanter
A projection of bone on the lateral edge above its condyle
Epicondyle
Connects muscle to bone, connective tissue cords
Tendon
A hollow or depressed area on a bone
Fossa
An opening or hole to allow for passage of major vessels
Foramen
A rounded projection, usually for articulation with another bone
Condyle
Structure over or through which tendons pass, usually grooves
Trochlea
A bony projection
Process
Having a short wide head. eg. Pug
Brachycephalic
Mid nosed breed eg. Lab
Mesaticephalic
Having a narrow long head. eg. Collie
Dolichocephalic
Forms the dorsal and lateral portions of the cranium
Parietal
Caudolateral surface. Houses two large rounded surfaces called the tympanic bullae.
Temporal
Contains air filled chamber called frontal sinus, which leads to the nasel chamber. Forms lateral depression called the orbit.
Frontal
The length of which determines the length of the muzzle
Nasal
Lies at the base of the skull. Location of foramen magnum.
Occipital
This lies on the ventral aspect of the skull forming the floor of the cranium
Sphenoid
Ridge at the top ofthe skull, often predominent in some breeds of dogs.
Saggittal crest
Portion that forms the widest part of the skull (cheekbones)
Zygomatic
Includes caudal portion of maxillary bone, all of zygomatic bone (malar) and cranial portion of temporal bone.
Zygomatic arch
Lies at the base of the orbit. Tears drain from the eyes to the nasal passages.
Lacrimal
Houses the molars, premolars and canine teeth. Also a large portion of the hard palate,
Maxilla
Also called the incisive bone. A portion of the hard palate which houses the incisor teeth.
Premaxilla
Two holes that allow the animal to smell food as they breathe on it.
Incisive foramen
A portion of the hard palate. Seperates the nasal cavity (internal nares) from the oral cavity.
Palatine bone
Extends into the internal nares to form a partition on the left and right nasel passage.
Vomer
The lower jaw (mandible) consists of two sides each called the dentary bone and are fused together by a cartilaginous joint called the...
Mandibular symphysis
Number of vertebra: Cervical, Thoracic, Lumbar, Sacrum
C:7, T:13, C:7, S:3
Protect the thoracic cavity and aid respiration
Ribs and Sternum
The number of ribs in a dog and cat
13
Each rib has a bony part and ventral cartilaginous part. They meet at the _____ _____.
Costochondral Junction
Rib pair numbers 1-9 attach to the ____, and are called ____ (____)
sternum, sternal (true ribs.
Rib pairs 10-12 form an arch attaching to the 9th rib called ____ (____)
Asternal (false ribs)
There are 8 sternebrae. The most cranial is called _____ and it is the point of the ____ ____
Manubrium, Thoracic inlet
The most caudal sternebra is called the _____.
Xiphoid
Spaces between the ribs are called
Intercostal spaces
The pelvis is made up of two halves called __ _____ and are joined at the ______ _________
os coxae, pelvic symphysis
The _____ houses the femoral head to form the hip joint
Acetabulum
A bone that develops in soft tissue and is not attached to the rest of the skeleton
Splanchnic Bones
Immovable
Fibrous
Slightly Moveable
Cartilagenous
Moveable
Synovial
Where the atlas and skull meet
Atlanto-occipital junction
Where the thoracic and lumbar vertebra meet
Thoraco-lumbar junction
The arch of the rib cage
Costal arch
^The point of the elbow
Olecranon
Right
Left
Dorsal
Ventral
lateral
medial
Distal
Proximal
anterior
posterior
Cranial
Caudal
deep
superficial
Superior
Inferior
The hole where the spinal cord runs through
veterbral foramen
Located in the region of the tail.
Coccygeal
The skull, vertebrae, hyoid, ribs and sternebrae are part of the _____ skeleton.
Axial
The forelimbs and hindlimbs are part of the _____ skeleton.
Appendicular
the bone known as the os penis is part of the _____ skeleton.
Splanchnic
Vertebrae are seperated by _____ _____.
Intervertebral discs
Each rib has a bony part and a cartilaginous part. They meet at the
costochondral junction
What is the cartilage called that protrudes from the xiphoid?
Xiphoid process