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107 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
body cavity located between the diaphragm and the pelvis
abdomen
hollow space that contains the major organs of digestion; locatd between the diaphragm and pelvic cavity
abdominal cavity
movement toward the median plane or midline
adduction
movement away from the median plane or midline
abduction
gland
aden/o
fatty or fat
adipose
change in the structure of cells and in their orientation to each other
anaplasia
study of body structures
anatomy
derivation from what is regarded as normal
anomaly
front of the body
anterior
lack of development of an organ or tissue
aplasia
artery
arteri/o
joint
arthr/o
ear
aur/i or aur/o
causing little or no harm, not malignant
benign
tooth surface facing the cheek
buccal surface (or vestibular surface)
toward the tail end
caudal
head or toward the head
cephalic
cartilage
chondr/o
present at birth
congenital
tooth surface that touches adjacent teeth
contact surface
toward the head
cranial
cellular material that is not part of the nucleus
cytoplasm
positioned below the surface
deep
farthest from the midline or farthest from the beginning of a body structure
distal
contact surface of a tooth that is farthest from midline
distal contact surface
the back
dorsal
imaginary line dividing the body into dorsal and ventral portions; also called the frontal plane
dorsal plane
lying on the back, supine
dorsal recumbency
abnormal development or growth
dysplasia
brain
encephal/o
gland that secretes its chemical substances directly into the bloodstream
endocrine
cellular covering that forms the lining of the internal organs and blood vessels
endothelium
small intestine
enter/o
cellular covering that forms the outer layer of the skin and covers the external surfaces of the body
epithelium
study of disease causes
etiology
gland that secretes its chemical substances into ducts that lead out of the body or to another organ
exocrine
straightening of a joint or an increase in the angle between 2 bones
extension
fascia
fasc/i or fasc/o
closure of a joint angle or reduction of the angle between two bones
flexion
group of specialized cells that secrete material used outside itself
gland
region between the lower abdomen and proximal thigh; inguinal areal
groin
liver
hepat/o
blood
hem/o or hemat/o
study of the structure, composition, and function of tissues
histology
abnormal increase in the number of normal cells that are in a normal arrangement in a tissue
hyperplasia
incompleter or decrease in the number or normal cells that are in a normal arrangement in a tissue
hypoplasia
uterus
hyster/o
lowermost, below, or toward the tail
inferior
tooth surface facing the lips
labial surface
voice box
laryng/o
mandibular tooth surface that faces the tongue
lingual surface
lymph fluid, vessels, or nodes
lymph/o
tending to spread, becoming progressively worse, life threatening
malignant
toward or nearer the midline
medial
imaginary line dividing the body into equal right and left halves (midsaggital plane)
median plane
thin layer of tissue that covers a surface, lines a cavity,or divides a space or organ
membrane
layer of the peritoneum that suspends parts of the intestine within the abdominal cavity
mesentery
contact surface of a tooth that is closest to midline
mesial contact surface
cellular covering that forms th lining of serous membranes such as the pleura and peritoneum
mesothelium
uterus
metri/o, metr/o, metr/i
spinal cord or bone marrow
my/o, myel/o
nerve
neur/i, neur/o
kidney
nephr/o
protoplasm within the nucleus
nucleoplasm
cellular structure that contains nucleoplasm, chromosomes, and surrounding membrane; also a mass of gray matter in the brain or spinal cord
nucleus
chewing surface of teeth
occlusal surface
eye
ocul/o, ophthalm/o, opt/i, opt/o, optic/o
tumor, mass or neoplasm
-oma
ovary
oophor/o
mouth
or/o, stomat/o
testis
orch/o, orchi/o, orchid/o
part of the body that perfoms a special function or functions
organ
bone
oss/e, oss/i, oste/o
maxillary tooth surface that faces the tongue
palatal surface
caudal surface of the manus(front paw)
palmar
study of the nature, causes,a nd development of abnormal condition
pathology
study of changes in function caused by disease
pathophysiology
hollow space that contains the reproductive and some excretory system organs, formed by the pelvic bones
pelvic cavity
potential space within the abdominal cavity between the parietal and visceral peritoneum
peritional cavity
membrane covering the walls of the abdominal and pelvic cavities and some organs in this area
peritoneum
throat
pharyng/o
vein
phleb/o
study of body functions
physiology
caudal surface of the pes (rear paw)
plantar
formation, development, and growth of number of tissue and cell
-plasia
formative material of cells
plasm
rear of the body
posterior
rotating a limb or body so that the ventral surface is turned downward
pronation
basic material that makes up the cell
protoplasm
nearest the midline or nearest the beginning of a body structure
proximal
behind or underneath the peritoneum
retroperitoneal
nose end of the head
rostral
circular movement around an axis
rotation
imaginary line dividing the body into unequal right and left halves
sagittal plane
hollow space that contains the spinal cord within the spinal column
spinal cavity
positioned at or near the surface
superficial
uppermost, above, or toward the head
superior
rotating a limb or body so that the ventral surface is turned upward
supination
tendon
ten/o, tend/o, tendin/o
holow space that contains the heart and lungs within the ribs
thoracic cavity
groups of specialized cells that are similar in structure and function
tissue
windpipe
trache/o
imaginary line dividing the body into cranial and caudal portions; also called the horizontal plane
transverse plane
formation, development, and increased size of tissue and cell
-trophy
distinct mass of tissue with no physiological use or function
tumor
belly or underside
ventral