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25 Cards in this Set

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He was a creationist who believe species were immutable. His systematic, binomial nomenclature became standard taxonomic practice.
Carl von Linné (Carolus Linnaeus)
Creationist, vice chancellor of Cambridge University, calculated "exact" date of creation according to Biblical records
Dr. John Lightfoot
-Evolutionist
-subscribed to theory of spontaneous generation
-believed in species hierarchy, man at the pinnacle
-convinced of inheritance of acquired characteristicsre
Jean Baptiste de Lamarck
-evolutionist, based on firsthand observation in the Malay Archipelago
-published a joint paper with Darwin
Alfred Russell Wallace
-"Father of Evolution"
-ship's naturalist aboard HMS Beagle
-based evolutionary theory on observations from Galapagos Islands
-delayed publishing book for 20 years
Charles Darwin
-creationist
-morphologist
-believed in immutability of species and archetypes
Richard Owen
-evolutionary morphologist
-defender of evolution: "Darwin's Bulldog"
-disproved Owen's archetype theory of the skull through embryology
T. H. Huxley
-creationist, morphologist
-first proponent of irreducible complexity
-parts worked together as a whole and could not be built up, rendering species immutable
Georges Cuvier
A tail with identical top and bottom fins--found in fishes with a swim bladder
homocercal
Imbalanced tail that gives lift during propulsion, found in fish without swim bladders
heterocercal
the evolutionary history of a taxon
phylogeny
the developmental history of an individual organism
ontogeny
groups living in the present time
extant
animal groups that are no longer living
extinct
structures that seem to be phylogenetically related through a common ancestor
homologous structures
structures that have similar function, but not necessarily the same ancestry are termed
analogous
the type of evolution that produces analogous structures in unrelated taxa
convergent evolution
structures that look alike
homoplasy
-head end
-tail end
-back
-belly
-midline
-sides
-farther from the body
-close to the body
-anterior (cranial)
-posterior (caudal)
-dorsal
-ventral
-medial
-lateral
-distal
-proximal
a repeated section of a structure and the process of duplicating are called, respectively:
segment (metamere) and segmentation (metamerism)
non-gradual evolution
quantum evolution, a.k.a. punctuated equilibrium, a.k.a. the Demiurge
a named group of organsims
taxon
a proposed lineage of organisms and their common ancestor
clade
a clade that includes:
-ancestor and all descendants
-groups formed on the basis on nonhomologous characters
-ancestor and some descendants
-monophyletic
-polyphyletic
-paraphyletic
method of placing fossils in a relative sequence
stratigraphy