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91 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The method of arranging animals or other things in groups is called
Vertebrates are classified into five groups.
1.mammals 2. birds 3. fish 4. reptiles 5. amphibians
Vertebrates can be _____ or ____ blooded.
warm or cold blooded
Only ______ are warm blooded like mammals.
Name the two vertebrate groups that are warm blooded.
mammals and birds
Name the three vertebrate groups that are cold blooded
fish, reptiles and amphibians
Name the 6 characteristics of mammals:
1. warmblooded 2. lungs 3. hair 4. four limbs 5. live birth 6. produce milk
Name the 5 characteristics of birds
1. warmblooded 2. lungs 3. feathers 4. eggs 5. fly
Name the 5 characteristics of fish
1. coldblooded 2. gills 3. scales 4. eggs in water
Name the 6 charactertisics of amphibians
1. coldblooded 2. young breath through gills 3. adults have lungs 4. smooth skin 5. eggs 6. live in water and land
Name the 5 characteristics of reptiles
1. coldblooded 2. lungs 3. scaley skin 4. eggs 5. most live on land
_____ animals have body temperatures that change according to the temperature of their surroundings.
cold blooded
How do cold blooded animals adjust to cold temperatures?
1. some migrate 2. some hibernate 3. some stay in warmer climates year round
How many different kinds of birds are there?
8,600 kinds
Birds have two types of feathers. How are they?
lightweight feathers and flight feathers
What are lightweight feathers purpose?
to insulate (protect) the bird from cold
What are flight feathers made of?
barbs connected to hollow quills
How are barbs held in place on the quill?
by barbules that have hooks
____ _____ are the small fluffy feathers found underneath the boyd for extra warmth
down feathers
_________ means to clean and straighten
What type of bones do birds have?
Air filled bones with tiny cross ribs for extra strength
The _____ _____ are the largest muscles of the bird which help lift the body into the air.
breast muscle
Long, pointed wings are used by birds that need to fly _____ and _______; the _____ is known to fly 220 miles per hour.
swiftly and continuously
the falcon
Short, rounded wings are used by birds that need to fly ______ ___ for a quick escape; the ___ has these type of wings
straight up
Long, broad wings are used by birds that _______ in the air; the ______ has these type of wings.
Birds migrate to _______ _____ and to _______ ______.
find food and to lay eggs
The largest bird in the world is the ___________, that weighs about 300 pounds and cannot fly.
The ___ ___ ____ is a brightly colored bird that dances on a limb for hours to attract a mate.
birds of paradise
The ____ of Africa locks themselves into their nests.
The ____ or whale-headed stock is considered one of the most unusual looking birds.
The smallest of all birds, the ___ weighs about a half ounce.
A baby chicken is called a ___./
The bird embryo stays in a special sac in the egg. That sac is called the ___ ___.
amniotic sac
_____ are the breathing mechanism for fish.
A ___ ____ helps to keep water flowing in the right direction, and not into the mouth.
gill cover
The __ ____ is an organ in the fish that keeps the fish floating.
swim bladder
The body of the fish allows the fish to cut through the water with ease. This body is called a ____ _______.
stream-lined body
The _____ are a coat of hard, round disk that covers the fish and protects the fish from outside dangers.
The _____ on a fish helps the fish to move forward and steer around in the water.
How many varieties of fish are there?
Fish are divided into three major groups:
jawless fish
cartilaginous fish
bony fish
Name two kinds of jawless fish.
Hagfish and lampreys
How do jawless survive?
by attaching themselves to other fish and living off the fish until it dies
Name two examples of the cartilaginous fish.
Shark and rays.
Why are cartilaginous (carti-lagi-nous) named that?
Because their skeleton is made up of cartilage instead of bone.
Why do sharks have to keep moving in order to stay afloat?
Because they do not have air bladder like most fish.
The majority of fish are _____ fish.
Name three examples of the boney fish.
perch, trout and goldfish
What fish has its eyes on the side and lays on the float on the bottom of the ocean?
The ____ watches for insects hovering of the water and then spits at the insect to bring it down.
The ____ can crawl from one mud hole to another.
Name four examples of reptiles.
snakes, lizards, turtles and crocodiles
What does reptiles depend on for heat?
the sun
Describe the egg of a reptile.
It is a soft, leathery egg.
Give two characteristics of the snake.
It has scaly skin and no eyelids.
Name the part of the snake.
1) scaly skin, 2) supple spine 3) ventral scales 4) scent orgran 5)inner ears and 6) stretchable jaw
_____ the shedding of the outer layer of skin
The __ ___ give the snake one method of locomotion.
ventral scales
What is the fastest snake?
The African black mamba.
The ____ _____ is a special scent organ located at the roof of the snake's mouth that tells the snake if what he is smelling is food.
Jacobson's organ.
The ___ ____ allow the snake to feel vibrations on the ground, a form of "hearing".
inner ears
The tiniest snake in the world.
blind snake
The ___ ____ challenges its enemy by inflating its body and looking like a cobra.
hognose snake
The harmless ___ snake often lives in city parks, backyards and gardens; it has three yellowish stripes.
garter snake
Of the 3,000 snakes in the world, about _____ are poisonous.
All poisonous snakes have ____.
The largest poisonous snakes in the world is the ___ ___.
king cobra
The ____ snake has enough venom to kill 200 men.
taipan snake
The ____ is feared in Africa because of its bite and speed.
The ___ of Asia is only deadly at night.
What two snakes in North America are confused with each other.
The poisonous coral snake and the scarlet king snake, because they both have the colors red, black and yellow.
The ___,___,____ ____ and _____ are considered pit vipers because they have deep pits between their eyes and nostrils.
1)rattlesnake, 2)copperhead and 3) water moccasin
What does the pit allow snakes to do?
Allows them to locate warm blooded animals, even in the dark.
How did the rattlesnake get its names?
Because of the set of rattles on the end of its tail that it shakes to warn other animals.
The ______ snake bites more people than any other snake; but few die from its bite.
The ___ ___ is considered the most aggressive viper because it will attack even when it is not in danger.
_____ do not need fangs to kill their prey; they ______ them to death.
______ and ______ are the world's larges snakes, weighing about 300 lbs.
anacondas and pythons
The ___ _____ is the most widely known constrictor.
boa constrictor
_____ is the substance found in fingernails and fish scales.
_______ is the round, touch layer of skin on the shell
Most lizard lose their ____ as a way of escaping danger.
The _____ lizard squirts a stream of blood from its eyes to scare predators away.
horned lizard
The largest and most mysterious lizard is the ________ ____.
Komodo dragon
The ____ _____ is the only lizard that is more comfortable in the water than on land.
marine iguanas
The two poisonous lizards are the: 1) and 2)
1) gila monster and
2) beaded lizard
The _____ is known for changing the color of its skin to match its surroundings and its LOONNNGGG tongue.
The legless lizard is the ____ ___.
glass snake
The shell of the turtle is used for _____.
There are over ____ different kinds of turtles.
The ___ turtle faces danger by hissing and biting and letting off a terrible odor.
snapping turtle