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46 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What are the 3 verb tenses tested on the GMAT?
1. Tense
2. Moode
3. Voice
What the 2 moods tenses tested on the GMAT?
1. Indicative
2. Subjunctive
What is the indicative tense?
It deals with real events.
What is the subjunctive tense?
It deals with events that are not necessarily true.
What are infinitives?
Are verbs that take the "to" + "verb".

Avoid sentences that insert a word or phrase between to and the verb. This error is called a split infinitive and although rarely tested on the GMAT it is almost always incorrect on the GMAT.

Incorrect: I need you to quickly run out to the store.
Correct: I need you to run quickly out to the store.
What is KIS?
Keep it simple.

In general, try to use the simple tense instead of the progressive tense unless the sentence emphasizes the action is ongoing.
What is the present perfect?
Present Perfect describes a tense who’s action starts in the past and either ends in the present at the moment of utterance or is on going.

Present Perfect = HAVE/HAS + Past Participle.

We have lived in a little hut for three days.
Our country has enforced strict immigration laws for thirty years.
What is the past perfect?
Used to describe an action that started in the past and was completed in the past.

In the progressive form it is used to describe an on going action or event followed by another action or event that interrupts the first action or event.


Past Perfect = HAD + Past Participle

The film had started by the time we arrived at the theater.

The teacher thought that Jimmy had cheated on the exam.
True or false the past perfect is the most commonly used form on the GMAT?
True
True or false you always use perfect tense on the GMAT?
False.

Do not use perfect tense when the simple tense will do. The GMAT prefers simplicity.
Simple past: begin?
began
Simple past: brought
brought
Simple past: do
did
Simple past: drink
drank
Simple past: forget
forgot
Simple past: go
went
Simple past: hang (object)
hung
Simple past: hang (person)
hanged
Simple past: lay (to put)
laid
Simple past: lie (to tell untruth)
lied
Simple past: lie (to recline)
lay
Simple past: rise
rose
Simple past: swim
swam
Simple past: throw
threw
Past Participle: begin
begun
Past Participle: brought
brought
Past Participle: do
done
Past Participle: drink
drank
Past Participle: forget
forgotten
Past Participle: get
gotten
Past Participle: go
gone
Past Participle: hang (object)
hung
Past Participle: hang (person)
hanged
Past Participle: lay (to put)
laid
Past Participle: lie (to tell untruth)
lied
Past Participle: lie (to recline)
lain
Past Participle: rise
risen
Past Participle: swim
swum
Past Participle: throw
thrown
What is the rule for the if clause?
Sentences that use the if to describe a hypothetical situation then require a conditional verbal construction. These sentences have two parts: the IF clause & the THEN clause.
True or false "if" doesn't always signals a condition?
True

IF the word IF is not used as a conditional construction in a sentence then the word IF carries the meaning of WHETHER. In this case the GMAT prefer the word WHETHER.

Incorrect: I don’t know IF I will go to the dance.

Correct: I don’t know whether I will go to the dance.
True or false if and whether are the same?
False

IF the word IF is not used as a conditional construction in a sentence then the word IF carries the meaning of WHETHER. In this case the GMAT prefer the word WHETHER.
On the GMAT when do you use the subjunctive mood?
1. IF clause, when the IF clause expresses a condition contrary to reality.
2. Hopes, proposals, desires, and requests formed with the word THAT.
True or false the phrase "if I were" is not always wrong on the GMAT?
False.

This phrase is always wrong on the GMAT.

Incorrect: If I WAS rich, I would donate money to rebuild my old school.
Correct: If I WERE rich, I would donate money to rebuild my old school.
True or false hopes, proposal and desires use the subjunctive mood.
True.
True or false the passive voice is always wrong on the GMAT?
False.

In general, you should avoid the passive voice on the GMAT. However, this form may appear in a correct answer choice-especially in science, medical, and technical writing styles.

Incorrect: The shuttle launch seen around the world by people of all ages, all races, and all religions.
Correct: The shuttle launch WAS seen around the world by people of all ages, all races, and all religions.