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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Buerger's Disease Buerger's disease is also known as?
smoker's disease, thromboangiitis obliterans
Buerger's Disease What are the Sx (5)?
intermittent claudication, superficial nodular phlebitis, cold sensitivity, severe pain in affected part, may lead to gangrene
Buerger's Disease What is the Tx?
Quit smokng
Takayasu's arteritits Also known as ?
pulseless disease
Takayasu's arteritits What is it?
thickening of aortic arch and/or proximal great vessels
Takayasu's arteritits ESR elevated?
Takayasu's arteritits Primarily affects whom?
Young Asian Females
Takayasu's arteritits Mnemomic
FAN MY SKIN On Wednesday
Takayasu's arteritits Sx (7)
Fever, Arthritis, Night Sweats, Myalgia, Ocular Disturbances, Weak pulses in upper extremities
Temporal Arteritis: Also known as?
Giant Cell Arteritis
Temporal Arteritis: Affects what vessels?
medium and small arteries (usually carotid branches)
Temporal Arteritis: ESR elevated?
Temporal Arteritis: Primarily affects whom?
Elderly Females
Temporal Arteritis: Sx (3)
Unilateral Headache
Temporal Arteritis: Many patients are also affected with this syndrome
Polymalgia Rheumatica
Temporal Arteritis: Tx (?)
Polyarteritis Nodosa: How would you describe the inflammation in this disease?
necrotizing, caused by immune complex deposition
Polyarteritis Nodosa: In which vessels?
small to medium-sized muscular arteries, renal and visceral vessels
Polyarteritis Nodosa: ESR elevated?
Polyarteritis Nodosa: Sx (7) … and they are SO specific
fever, weight loss, malaise, abdominal pain, headache, myalgia, hypertension
Polyarteritis Nodosa: Other findings
cotton-wool spots, microaneurysms, pericarditis, myocarditis, palpable purpura
Polyarteritis Nodosa: What viral infection is found in 30% of PN patients?
Hepatitis B
Polyarteritis Nodosa: what antibody is associated with this disease?
Polyarteritis Nodosa: What two ways can you remember that?
P-ANCA --> PAN (PolyArteritis Nodosa), Just memorize it
Polyarteritis Nodosa: What does P-ANCA refer to?
Perinuclear pattern of Antineutrophil Cytoplasmic Antibodies
Polyarteritis Nodosa: Primarily affects whom?
Young males
Polyarteritis Nodosa: Tx
Corticosteroids, Azathioprine, Cyclophosphamide
Wegener's Granulomatosis What are three major findings (hint: they are necrotizing)
Focal Necrotizing Vasculitism, Necrotizing granulomas of the lung and upper airway, Necrotizing glomerulonephritis
Wegener's Granulomatosis Sx (7)
Perforated nasal septum, Chronic Sinusitis, Otitis Media, Mastoiditis, Cough, Dyspnea, Hemoptysis
Wegener's Granulomatosis What antibody is associated with this disease
Wegener's Granulomatosis What should you look for on CXR?
large nodular densities
Wegener's Granulomatosis Tx
Corticosteroids, Azathioprine, Methotrexate
Kawasaki Disease: Who gets it?
infants, kids
Kawasaki Disease: What is the disease course?
acute, self-limiting
Kawasaki Disease: What vessels are involved?
small and medium sized
Kawasaki Disease: What does CRASH stand for
Conjunctivitis, Rash (truncal), Aneurysms of Coronary Arteries, Strawberry tongue, changes in lips/oral mucosa; Hands and Feet show induration and desquamation