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44 Cards in this Set

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What evidence is there that American Indians (First Americans) lived in all areas of the state?
Artifacts such as arrowheads, pottery, and other tools that have been found tell a lot about the people who lived in Virginia.
What is the Fall Line?
The natural border between the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) and Piedmont regions, where waterfalls prevent further travel on the river.
What did Virginia's American Indians make their clothes from?
Animal skins such as deerskin.
Where is the Valley and Ridge region located?
Located west of Blue Ridge Mountains
Why did Christopher Columbus call the people in the lands he discovered "Indians"?
Because he thought he was in the Indies (near China)
What are some ways you would describe relative location?
"Next to", "near" and "bordering"
What covers most of Virginia's land?
Forests which have a variety of trees
What important city in Virginia is on the Potomac River?
Alexandria
Who are the First Americans?
Indians
What two large bodies of water border Virginia?
The Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay.
What are Virginia's Indians referred to?
Eastern Woodland Indians
Where do the Potomac, Rappahannock, York, and James rivers flow?
Into the Chesapeake Bay
Where was the Algonquian language group located?
It was spoken primarily in the Tidewater region; the Powhatans were a member of this group.
What states border Virginia?
Maryland, West Virginia, Kentucky, Tennessee, and North Carolina.
What are some characteristics of Virginia's climate?
The climate in Virginia is relatively mild with distinct seasons- spring, summer, fall, and winter- resulting in a variety of vegetation
Why was the Chesapeake Bay important to the history of early Virginia?
Provided a safe harbor and was a source of food and transportation.
Where was the Siouan language group located?
It was spoken primarily in the Piedmont Region.
What are the five regions of Virginia?
Coastal Plain ( Tidewater), Piedmont, Blue Ridge Mountains, Valley and Ridge, and Appalachian Plateau.
Where was the Iroquoian language group located?
It was spoken in Southwestern Virginia and in Southern Virginia near what is today North Carolina; the Cherokee were a part of this group
What is the Blue Ridge Mountain region like?
Old, rounded mountains that are part of the Appalachian Mountain system
What is the Eastern Shore?
A peninsula bordered by the Chesapeake Bay to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east.
What is the Coastal Plain (Tidewater) region like?
Flat land
What did the Indians eat in the summer?
They grew crops such as beans, corn, and squash.
What is the Blue Ridge Mountain region the source of?
Many rivers
What were the three major language groups found in Virginia?
Alonquian, Siouan, Iroquoian
What important city is located on the York River?
Yorktown
What are some ways Virginia's American Indians (First Americans) adapted to the climate and interacted with their environment to meet their basic needs?
The kinds of food they ate, the clothing they wore, and the shelters they had depended upon the seasons.
Where is the Appalachian Plateau located?
Located in Southwest Virginia. Only a small part of plateau located in Virginia.
How did water features influence the development of Virginia?
Each river was a source of food and provided a pathway for exploration and settlement of Virginia
Why was the Atlantic Ocean important to the history of early Virginia?
Provided transportation links between Virginia and other places. ( ex. Europe, Africa, Caribbean)
What did the Indians eat in the spring?
They fished and picked berries.
What is the Piedmont region like?
Rolling hills
What did Virginia's American Indians use to build their homes?
Shelters were made from materials around them.
What is the Valley and Ridge region like?
Includes the Great Valley of Virginia and other valleys separated by ridges. It is part of the Appalachian Mountain System.
What did the Indians eat in the fall?
They harvested crops
What is a peninsula?
A piece of land bordered by water on three sides.
What did Virginia's American Indians use to build their homes?
Shelters were made from materials around them.
What important city is on the Rappahannock River?
Fredricksburg
What did the Indians eat in the winter?
They hunted birds and animals
What does Piedmont mean?
Land at the foot of the mountains.
Where is the Blue Ridge Mountain region located?
Between the Piedmont and Valley and Ridge regions
What is a plateau?
Area of elevated land that is flat on top
Where is the Piedmont region located?
West of the Fall Line
What important cities are on the James River?
Richmond and Jamestown