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37 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
low numbers on the pH scale indicate what?
that it is acidic, base is high, 7 is neutral
what are functional groups?
part of a molecule that gives it a unique job/function
something you observe with your five senses or equipemtn to enhance your senses
Is RNA a one or two sided molecule?
What is the atomic number determined by?
number of protons
what are simple carbohydrates called?
sugars or saccharides
What is another name for enzymes?
what are lipids made up of?
Carbon, Hydrogen, Oxygen
What are enzymes?
type of protein that helps chemical reactions
what are carbohydrates used for?
quick energy release
What does pH measure?
how basic or acidic something isq
what do steroids do?
they contain the hormones
What is the mass number determined by?
protons and neutrons
What are lipids used for?
insulation, store energy, protective layer around nerves
What do nucleic acids contain?
hereditary information
What are proteins like and what do they contain?
they're the building blocks and are made up of amino acids
What bases does RNA contain/
A, U, C, G
how many amino acids are there?
Whatare phospholipids?
they contain phosphates which make up cell membranes
What do fats do?
store energy
complex carbohydrates are called?
educated guess, can be tested out
what are lipids?
fats, oils, waxes
what is matter?
anything that takes up space
what is a control?
noraml group, not expected to change
what are bonds
two or more molecules stuck together
what are proteins made up of?
carbon, hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen
What are elements?
more than one of the same type of atom bonded together
types of bonds?
covalent - shared electrons
ionic - stolen electron
Where is DNA found?
Where is RNA found?
outside nucleus
what do proteins do?
1) hormones - regulate body functions
2) hemoglobin transfers red blood cells
3) help in the structure (hair, nails)
4) movement in muscles
5) protection
6) biochemical processes (with the enzymes)
What kind of sugar does DNA have?
Is DNA one or two sided?
What bases does DNA contain?
A, t, C, G