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8 Cards in this Set

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Statement:
a claim that bears truth value, ie: is either T or F.
Proposition:
a statement that bears truth value, ie: is either T or F.
Argument:
a set of one or more statements called premises take as possible evidence for another statement called the conclusion.
Logic:
The normative study of the evidential relations between premises and conclusions.
Valid:
An argument is valid if its impossible for the premises to all be true while the conclusion is false.
Strong:
An argument is strong if it is not impossible but it is unlikely that all the premises would be true while the conclusion is false.
Fallacy:
An argument is a fallacy f it is neither valid nor strong.
Sound:
An argument is sound if it is both valid and has true premises. (factual)