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22 Cards in this Set

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The membrane that lines the abdominal cavity is the (blank).
peritoneum
Retro peritoneum means.....
behind the paritonium.
Name organs that are in the RUQ.
Liver, gallbladder, colon, and kidney half of the pancreas.
Name organs that are in the RLQ:
Small intestine, colon, appendix, ovary, part of the bladder, part of the uterus, part of the abdominal aorta.
Name organs that are in the LUQ:
Stomach, Spleen, Colon, Kidney.
Name organs that are in the LLQ:
Small intestine, colon, ovary.
What has S/S of burning epigastric pain, usually after a meal or when lying down and can mimic an AMI with chroniccough, laryngitis and morning hoarseness.
GERD (Gastric Esophageal Reflux disease)
What has s/s of heartburn 1 to 4 hours after a meal; vomiting, chest pain that mimics angina and dysphagia?
Hiatal Hernia: a defect in the diaphragm that allows a portion of the stomach to go through the diaphragm opening in the chest.
S/S vonsists of diarrhea, nausea and vomiting caused by a number of infectious organisms. Many people call it "stomach flu".
Gastroenteritis.
UGI is when the patient vomits blood, it can be either bright red (fresh) or dark brown (coffee grounds) when the blood is old. True or false?
True
LGI occurs below the ligament of Treitz and gives the stool a black tarry appearance. This is called (blank).
melena
UGI bleed can originate from the esophagus, stomach or upper duodenum. (true or false)
True
Peritonitis and hypovolemic shock are two complications that can be associated with a perferated ulcer. (true or false)
true
S/S: Swollen veins at the lower end of the esophagus caused by primary liver disease and back up in the portal circulation. Chronic portal hypertension and difficulty with entry in the system leads to backflow pressure, tortuous enlarged venous pressure and eventually venous rupture.
Esophageal Varices
S/S: The first sign is normally a vague pain around the navel. As the inflammation develops, the pain moves toward the right side of the body -- typically in the direction of the hip. Other symptoms that develop over the next 24 hours may include nausea, vomiting, fever and something called "rebound tenderness." In some cases the patient may also experience a swollen abdomen, back pain or even constipation.
appendicitis
Inflammation of the sac-like protrusions of the lining of the large intestine through its own muscle layer. Pts. typically present with LLQ pain following a meal.
Diverticulitis
The most common cause of this condition is a ruptured appendix. This is a very serious condition if not corrected. It is characterized by severe diffuse pain, guarding, rigidity, rebound tenderness, hypovolemia and electrolyte disturbances.
Paritonitis
When a gallstone lodges in the common bile duct and blocks it - there is acute pain and inflamation. This disease is characterized by RUQ pain and intolerance to fatty foods. Name this disease....
Cholecystitis
S/S: Swelling and tenderness in the abdomen with pain ranging from dull aches to severe, sharp pain
Fever and chills
Loss of appetite
Thirst
Nausea and vomiting
Limited urine output
Inability to pass gas or stool
Causes:
Usually caused by liver disease.
Paritonitis
S/S of upper abdominal pain that radiates to your back
and feels worse after eating. It is somewhat relieved by leaning forward or curling into a ball.
It also includes:
nausea, vomiting , tenderness when touching the abdomen, indigestion, losing weight without trying and oily, smelly stools (steatorrhea).
Pancreatitis
S/S: Jaundice, fatigue, anorexia, and ascites (excess fluid in the space between the tissues lining the
abdomen and abdominal organs), GI bleeding occurs when associated with esophageal varices.
Hepatitis / cirrhosis of the liver.
Gallbladder and ruptured ectopic refer pain to the (blank).
shoulder